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Soyuz TM-19
Mission typeMir crew transport
COSPAR ID1994-036A Edit this at Wikidata
SATCAT no.23139
Mission duration125 days, 22 hours, 53 minutes, 36 seconds
Orbits completed1,993
Spacecraft properties
SpacecraftSoyuz 7K-STM No.68[1]
Spacecraft typeSoyuz-TM
ManufacturerRKK Energia
Launch mass7,150 kilograms (15,760 lb)
Crew size2 up
3 down
MembersYuri Malenchenko
Talgat Musabayev
LandingUlf Merbold
CallsignАга́т (Agat - Agate)
Start of mission
Launch dateJuly 1, 1994, 12:24:50 (1994-07-01UTC12:24:50Z) UTC
Launch siteBaikonur 1/5
End of mission
Landing dateNovember 4, 1994, 11:18:26 (1994-11-04UTC11:18:27Z) UTC
Landing site88 kilometres (55 mi) northeast of Arkalyk
Orbital parameters
Reference systemGeocentric
RegimeLow Earth
Perigee altitude396 kilometres (246 mi)
Apogee altitude397 kilometres (247 mi)
Inclination51.6 degrees
Period92.48 minutes
Epoch31 July 1994[2]
Docking with Mir
Docking portKvant-1 aft
Docking date3 July 1994, 13:55:01 UTC
Undocking date4 November 1994, 08:31:30 UTC
Soyuz programme
(Crewed missions)

Soyuz TM-19 was a crewed Soyuz spaceflight to Mir. It launched on 1 July 1994, at 12:24:50 UTC.[3]


Position Launching crew Landing crew
Commander Russia Yuri Malenchenko
First spaceflight
Flight Engineer Kazakhstan Talgat Musabayev
First spaceflight
Research Cosmonaut None Germany Ulf Merbold
Third and last spaceflight

Mission highlights

Commander Malenchenko and Flight Engineer Musabayev, both spaceflight rookies, were to have been launched with veteran cosmonaut Gennadi Strekalov, who would have returned to Earth with Viktor Afanasyev and Yuri Usachov in Soyuz TM-18 after a few days on Mir. However, the cancellation of one of two Progress-M cargo ships scheduled to resupply Mir during the Agat crew's stay meant that Strekalov's couch had to carry supplies. The result was the first all-rookie Soyuz flight since Soyuz 25 in October 1977. Docking occurred without incident on July 3. Both cosmonauts and Doctor Valeri Polyakov (who had arrived on Soyuz TM-18) became the 16th resident crew; many technical problems with the station arose during this expedition, necessitating a previously untried manual supply docking by Malenchenko. On November 3, Malenchenko, Musabayev and Merbold undocked in Soyuz TM-19 and backed 190m from Mir. They then activated the Kurs automatic approach system, which successfully redocked the spacecraft. The cosmonauts then transferred back to Mir. The test was related to the difficulties Soyuz TM-20 and Progress M-24 experienced during their automatic approaches. Final undocking and reentry occurred the following day without incident.

Mission accomplishments


  1. ^ McDowell, Jonathan. "Launch Log". Jonathan's Space Page. Retrieved 9 November 2013.
  2. ^ McDowell, Jonathan. "Satellite Catalog". Jonathan's Space Page. Retrieved 9 November 2013.
  3. ^ "Spaceflight mission report: Soyuz TM-19". Retrieved 2022-04-16.