Parazynski assists in installing Canadarm2 on the ISS during EVA 1, with Endeavour in the background
NamesSpace Transportation System-100
Mission typeISS assembly/logistics
COSPAR ID2001-016A Edit this at Wikidata
SATCAT no.26747
Mission duration11 days, 21 hours, 31 minutes, 14 seconds
Spacecraft properties
SpacecraftSpace Shuttle Endeavour
Launch mass103,506 kilograms (228,192 lb)
Landing mass99,742 kilograms (219,893 lb)
Payload mass4,899 kilograms (10,800 lb)
Crew size7
EVA duration14 hours, 50 minutes
Start of mission
Launch date19 April 2001, 18:40:42 (2001-04-19UTC18:40:42Z) UTC
Launch siteKennedy LC-39A
End of mission
Landing date1 May 2001, 16:11:56 (2001-05-01UTC16:11:57Z) UTC
Landing siteEdwards Runway 22[1]
Orbital parameters
Reference systemGeocentric
RegimeLow Earth
Perigee altitude331 kilometres (206 mi)[2]
Apogee altitude375 kilometres (233 mi)[2]
Inclination51.5 deg[2]
Period91.59 minutes[2]
Epoch21 April 2001
Docking with ISS
Docking portPMA-2
(Destiny forward)
Docking date21 April 2001, 13:59 UTC
Undocking date29 April 2001, 17:34 UTC
Time docked8 days, 3 hours, 35 minutes

Left to right: Front row - Lonchakov, Rominger (commander), Guidoni, Ashby (pilot), Phillips; Back row - Parazynski, Hadfield
← STS-102 (103)
STS-104 (105) →

STS-100 was a Space Shuttle mission to the International Space Station (ISS) flown by Space Shuttle Endeavour. STS-100 launch on 19 April 2001, and installed the ISS Canadarm2 robotic arm.


Position Astronaut
Commander United States Kent V. Rominger
Fifth and last spaceflight
Pilot United States Jeffrey S. Ashby
Second spaceflight
Mission Specialist 1 Canada Chris Hadfield, CSA
Second spaceflight
Mission Specialist 2 United States John L. Phillips
First spaceflight
Mission Specialist 3 United States Scott E. Parazynski
Fourth spaceflight
Mission Specialist 4 Italy Umberto Guidoni, ESA
Second and last spaceflight
Mission Specialist 5 Russia Yury Lonchakov, RKA
First spaceflight

Mission highlights

The highest priority objectives of the flight were the installation, activation and checkout of the Canadarm2 robotic arm on the station. The arm - manufactured by MDA Space Missions under contract of the Canadian Space Agency and NASA, went into operation on 28 April 2001. It was critical to the capability to continue assembly of the International Space Station.[3] The arm was also necessary to attach a new airlock to the station on the subsequent shuttle flight, mission STS-104. The final component of the Canadarm is the Mobile Base System (MBS), which was installed on board the station during the STS-111 flight.

Other major objectives for Endeavour's mission were to berth the Raffaello logistics module to the station, activate it, transfer cargo between Raffaello and the station, and reberth Raffaello in the shuttle's payload bay. Raffaello is the second of three Italian Space Agency-developed Multi-Purpose Logistics Module, manufactured out of stainless steel at the Cannes Mandelieu Space Center; that were launched to the station. The Leonardo module was launched and returned on the previous shuttle flight, STS-102, in March.

Remaining objectives included the transfer of other equipment to the station such as an Ultra-High Frequency communications antenna and a spare electronics component to be attached to the exterior during space walks. Finally, the transfer of supplies and water for use aboard the station, the transfer of experiments and experiment racks to the complex, and the transfer of items for return to Earth from the station to the shuttle were among the objectives.

Endeavour also boosted the station's altitude and performed a flyaround survey of the complex, including recording views of the station with an IMAX cargo bay camera.

All objectives were completed without incident, and reentry and landing happened uneventfully on 1 May 2001.

During this mission, astronaut Chris Hadfield made the first spacewalk by a Canadian.[4]


EVA Spacewalkers Start (UTC) End Duration
EVA 1 Scott Parazynski
Chris Hadfield
22 April 2001
22 April 2001
7 hours 10 minutes
Parazynski and Hadfield deployed a UHF antenna on the Destiny lab. After that, the pair began installing the Canadarm2. Parazynski and Hadfield encountered a problem ensuring the proper torque was applied to the bolt. The pair switched the Pistol Grip Tool (PGT) to manual mode and attempted again successfully.

Hadfield experienced severe eye irritation during the spacewalk due to the anti-fog solution used to polish his spacesuit visor, temporarily blinding him and forcing him to vent oxygen into space. Other astronauts experienced a similar problem on subsequent spacewalks.[4]

EVA 2 Parazynski
24 April 2001
24 April 2001
7 hours 40 minutes
Connected Power and Data Grapple Fixture (PDGF) circuits for the new arm on Destiny. Removed an early communications antenna and transferred a spare Direct Current Switching Unit (DCSU) from the shuttle's payload bay to an equipment storage rack on the outside of Destiny.

Wake-up calls

NASA began a tradition of playing music to astronauts during the Gemini program, which was first used to wake up a flight crew during Apollo 15.[5] Each track is specially chosen, often by their families, and usually has a special meaning to an individual member of the crew, or is applicable to their daily activities.[5][6]

Flight Day Song Artist/Composer
Day 2 "Then the Morning Comes" Smash Mouth
Day 3 "Danger Zone" Kenny Loggins from the soundtrack to Top Gun
Day 4 "Take It From Day to Day" Stan Rogers
Day 5 "Both Sides Now" Judy Collins
Day 6 "What a Wonderful World" Louis Armstrong
Day 7 "Con te Partirò" Andrea Bocelli
Day 8 "Behind the Fog" Russian Folk Singer
Day 9 "Buckaroo" Don Cain
Day 10 "Dangerous" The Arrogant Worms
Day 11 "Miles From Nowhere" Cat Stevens
Day 12 "Big Arm on his Ship" Robinson etc.
Day 13 "True" Spandau Ballet

See also


  1. ^ Wade, Mark. "STS-100". Encyclopedia Astronautica. Archived from the original on 2 November 2002. Retrieved 6 May 2013.
  2. ^ a b c d McDowell, Jonathan. "Satellite Catalog". Jonathan's Space Page. Retrieved 6 May 2013.
  3. ^ "STS-100 Mission Status Report, #20". Archived from the original on 26 June 2001.
  4. ^ a b Hadfield, Chris (2013). An Astronaut's Guide to Life on Earth: What Going to Space Taught Me About Ingenuity, Determination, and Being Prepared for Anything. New York City: Little, Brown and Company. pp. 86–96. ISBN 978-0-316-25301-7. LCCN 2013943519.
  5. ^ a b Fries, Colin (25 June 2007). "Chronology of Wakeup Calls" (PDF). NASA. Retrieved 13 August 2007.
  6. ^ NASA (11 May 2009). "STS-100 Wakeup Calls". NASA. Archived from the original on 28 April 2001. Retrieved 31 July 2009.


Public Domain This article incorporates public domain material from websites or documents of the National Aeronautics and Space Administration.