|Names||Space Transportation System-105|
|Mission type||ISS assembly|
|Mission duration||12 days, 18 hours, 36 minutes, 39 seconds|
|Distance travelled||8,500,000 kilometres (5,300,000 mi)|
|Spacecraft||Space Shuttle Atlantis|
|Launch mass||117,129 kilograms (258,225 lb)|
|Landing mass||94,009 kilograms (207,254 lb)|
|Payload mass||8,241 kilograms (18,168 lb)|
|EVA duration||16 hours, 30 minutes|
|Start of mission|
|Launch date||12 July 2001, 09:04UTC|
|Launch site||Kennedy LC-39B|
|End of mission|
|Landing date||25 July 2001, 03:38UTC|
|Landing site||Kennedy SLF Runway 15|
|Perigee altitude||372 kilometres (231 mi)|
|Apogee altitude||390 kilometres (240 mi)|
|Docking with ISS|
|Docking date||14 July 2001 03:08 UTC|
|Undocking date||22 July 2001 04:54 UTC|
|Time docked||8 days, 1 hour, 46 minutes|
Left to right: Seated - Charles O. Hobaugh, Steven W. Lindsey; Standing - Michael L. Gernhardt, Janet L. Kavandi, James F. Reilly
STS-104 was a Space Shuttle mission to the International Space Station (ISS) flown by Space Shuttle Atlantis. Its primary objectives were to install the Quest Joint Airlock and help perform maintenance on the International Space Station. It launched on 12 July 2001 at 09:04 UTC, and returned to Earth without incident after successful docking, equipment installation, and three spacewalks.
|Commander||Steven W. Lindsey|
|Pilot||Charles O. Hobaugh|
|Mission Specialist 1||Michael L. Gernhardt|
Fourth and last spaceflight
|Mission Specialist 2||Janet L. Kavandi|
Third and last spaceflight
|Mission Specialist 3||James F. Reilly|
The primary purpose of the flight was to deliver and install the Quest airlock. The Joint Airlock is a pressurized flight element consisting of two cylindrical chambers attached end-to-end by a connecting bulkhead and hatch. Once installed and activated, the ISS airlock became the primary path for International Space Station space walk entry and departure for U.S. spacesuits, which are known as Extravehicular Mobility Units, or EMUs. In addition, the Joint Airlock is designed to support the Russian Orlan spacesuit for EVA activity.
The Joint Airlock is 20 ft (6.1 m) long, 13 ft (4.0 m) in diameter and weighs 6.5 short tons (5.9 metric tons). It is made from steel and aluminum, and manufactured at the Marshall Space Flight Center (MSFC) by the Space Station main contractor Boeing. The ISS-airlock has two main components: a crew airlock and an equipment airlock for storing EVA gear and EVA preflight preps. STS-104 also carries a spacelab pallet with four High Pressure Gas Assembly containers that were attached to the exterior of the airlock.
Mission Specialists Michael Gernhardt and James Reilly conducted three space walks while Space Shuttle Atlantis was docked to the International Space Station. They spent a total of 16 hours and 30 minutes outside. During the first space walk, Gernhardt and Reilly assisted in the installation of the airlock. During the second and third excursions, they focused on the external outfitting of the Quest airlock with four High Pressure Gas Tanks, handrails and other vital equipment. The third spacewalk was conducted from Quest itself.
STS-104 was the final Space Shuttle mission to have a five-member crew. All succeeding missions would have six or seven (except the final mission STS-135, which had 4).
STS-104 was the first shuttle mission to fly with a "Block II" SSME. Post-launch analysis indicated an anomaly occurred when the engine was shut down. The cause was determined and the mitigation approach was demonstrated on the STS-108 flight in November 2001.
NASA began a tradition of playing music to astronauts during the Gemini program, which was first used to wake up a flight crew during Apollo 15. Each track is specially chosen, often by their families, and usually has a special meaning to an individual member of the crew, or is applicable to their daily activities.
|Day 2||"Wallace Courts Murron"||Braveheart Soundtrack||wav[dead link] mp3[dead link] |
|Day 3||"God of Wonders"||Caedmons Call||wav[dead link] mp3[dead link] |
|Day 4||"Space Cowboy"||'N Sync, from the soundtrack to Space Cowboys||wav[dead link] mp3[dead link] |
|Day 5||"No Woman, No Cry"||Bob Marley||wav[dead link] mp3[dead link] |
|Day 6||"Nobody Does it Better"||Carly Simon, from the soundtrack to The Spy Who Loved Me||wav[dead link] mp3[dead link] |
|Day 7||"Happy Birthday, Darling"||Conway Twitty||wav[dead link] mp3[dead link] |
|Day 8||"All I Wanna Do"||Sheryl Crow||wav[dead link] mp3[dead link] |
|Day 9||"A Time to Dance"||Space Center Intermediate School Symphonic Band||wav[dead link] mp3[dead link] |
|Day 10||"I Could Write a Book"||Harry Connick Jr., from the soundtrack to When Harry Met Sally...||wav[dead link] mp3[dead link] |
|Day 11||"Who Let the Dogs Out?"||The Baha Boys||wav[dead link] mp3[dead link] |
|Day 12||"Orinoco Flow"||Enya||wav[dead link] mp3[dead link] |
|Day 13||"Honey, I'm Home"||Shania Twain||wav[dead link] mp3[dead link] |
|Day 14||"Hold Back the Rain"||Duran Duran||wav[dead link] mp3[dead link] |