|Operator||European Space Agency|
|Mission duration||16 years|
|Start of mission|
|Launch date||12 July 2001, 21:58UTC|
|Rocket||Ariane 5G V142|
|Launch site||Kourou ELA-3|
|End of mission|
|Disposal||Placed in Graveyard orbit|
|Reference system||Graveyard orbit|
Artemis was a geostationary earth orbit satellite (GEOS) for telecommunications, built by Alenia Spazio for ESA. The Artemis satellite operated at the 21.5E orbital position until 2016, when it was moved to 123E to cover the L-Band spectrum rights for Indonesia's Ministry of Defense.
In November 2017, Artemis was retired and replaced to a graveyard orbit.
The mission was planned for many years, with launch initially intended for 1995 and slipping; it was intended for launch on Ariane 5 but at one point there were suggestions that a Japanese H-II rocket might be used.
Launched by an Ariane 5 rocket on 12 July 2001, it originally reached an orbit much lower than planned (590 km x 17487 km) due to a malfunction in the launch vehicle's upper stage. It was remotely reconfigured to reach its intended station by means of a novel procedure. First, over the course of about a week, most of its chemical fuel was used to put it in a 31,000 km circular orbit (by raising first the apogee then the perigee, going via a 590 km x 31000 km orbit). Then, its RIT-10 gridded ion thruster — originally intended for station keeping and for firing a few minutes at a time — was instead kept running for most of 18 months, pushing the spacecraft into an outward spiral trajectory. It gained altitude at the rate of about 15 km per day, until it reached the intended geostationary orbit.
On January 1, 2014, Avanti, a London-based company, took the ownership of the satellite.
The Artemis satellite has several payloads
As of 2005[update], Artemis was used operationally for data relay from ESA's satellites in low Earth orbit; a SILEX link to SPOT-4 was typically established daily. It was also used on a situational basis; for example, it was used in 2008 to relay information from the automated transfer vehicle Jules Verne while mission control at Houston was unavailable due to a hurricane.
It is now considered a precursor for the EDRS programme.
In November 2017, Artemis was retired into the graveyard orbit after the Indonesian Ministry of Defence failed to pay outstanding rental lease for hiring the satellite to Avanti Communications. The dispute was settled after Avanti won the arbitration case in the London Court Of Arbitration in 2018, when Indonesia was forced to pay $20million.