A computer model of CE-20
|Country of origin||India|
|First flight||June 5, 2017|
|Application||Upper stage booster|
|Propellant||LOX / LH2|
|Thrust, vacuum||196.5 kN (44,200 lbf)|
|Throttle range||180–220 kN (40,000–49,000 lbf)|
|Chamber pressure||6 MPa (870 psi)|
|Specific impulse, vacuum||434 seconds (4.26 km/s)|
|Burn time||640-800 seconds|
|Dry weight||588 kg (1,296 lb)|
|Upper stage of GSLV Mk.III|
The CE-20 is a cryogenic rocket engine developed by the Liquid Propulsion Systems Centre, a subsidiary of Indian Space Research Organisation. It has been developed to power the upper stage of the Geosynchronous Satellite Launch Vehicle Mk III. It is the first Indian cryogenic engine to feature a gas-generator cycle. The high thrust cryogenic engine is one of
the most powerful upper stage cryogenic engines in the world.
The CE-20 is the first Indian cryogenic engine to feature a gas-generator cycle. The engine produces a nominal thrust of 200 kN, but has an operating thrust range between 180 kN to 220 kN and can be set to any fixed values between them. The combustion chamber burns liquid hydrogen and liquid oxygen at 6 MPa with 5.05 engine mixture ratio. The engine has a thrust-to-weight ratio of 34.7 and a specific impulse of 444 seconds (4.35 km/s) in vacuum.
Development and Testing
CE-20 during static testing at Cryo Main Engine and Static Test facility (CMEST) of ISRO Propulsion Complex (IPRC), Mahendragiri on 19 February 2016
- On 28 April 2015, CE-20 cleared a 635 seconds long duration hot test at IPRC, Mahendragiri test facility. This test was preceded by two cold start tests and four short duration hot tests.
- On 16 July 2015, the first developmental CE-20 engine 'E1' was successfully endurance hot tested at ISRO Propulsion Complex, Mahendragiri for a duration of 800 seconds with Mixture Ratio Controller (MRC) in closed loop mode. This duration is approximately 25% more than the engine burn duration in flight. This was tenth development test for CE-20 
- On 10 August 2015, a short duration (5.7 seconds) hot test on the CE20 engine was done to demonstrate the successful engine ignition with tank pressure conditions as in flight.
- On 19 February 2016, the second developmental CE-20 engine 'E2' was hot-tested for a duration of 640 seconds with Mixture Ratio Controller (MRC) in closed loop mode at ISRO Propulsion Complex, Mahendragiri.
- On 03 December 2016, flight acceptance test of 25 seconds in high altitude conditions was carried out on third developmental CE-20 engine (E3). It was successfully flown on the first developmental flight 'D1' of the GSLV Mk-III on 5 June 2017.
- On 25 January 2017, CE-20 engine E2 integrated with development stage for GSLV Mk III, C25 'D' was tested for duration of 50 seconds.
- On 17 February 2017, CE-20 engine E2 integrated with development stage for GSLV Mk III, C25 'D' was tested for duration of 640 seconds.
- On 11 October 2018, CE-20 engine E6 completed 25 second long flight acceptance test in high altitude conditions for GSLV Mk III M1/Chandrayaan-2 mission
- On 12 January 2022, CE-20 engine E9 completed 720 second long qualification test for Gaganyaan programme.