Mission typeEarth observation
COSPAR ID2017-008A Edit this at Wikidata
SATCAT no.41948
Mission duration5 years (planned)
6 years, 11 months and 27 days (in progress)
Spacecraft properties
ManufacturerIndian Space Research Organisation
Launch mass714 kg (1,574 lb) [2]
Dimensions2.5 m in height
2.4 m in diameter
Power986 watts
Start of mission
Launch date15 February 2017, 03:58 UTC[3]
RocketPolar Satellite Launch Vehicle-XL, PSLV-C37
Launch siteSatish Dhawan Space Centre, First Launch Pad (FLP)
ContractorIndian Space Research Organisation
Entered service15 May 2017
Orbital parameters
Reference systemGeocentric orbit[4]
RegimeSun-synchronous orbit
Perigee altitude504 km (313 mi)
Apogee altitude512 km (318 mi)
Period94.72 minutes

Cartosat-2D is an Earth observation satellite in a Sun-synchronous orbit (SSO) and the fifth of the Cartosat series of satellites.[1] The satellite is built, launched and maintained by the Indian Space Research Organisation (ISRO). Cartosat-2D has a mass of 714 kg.[2]

Satellite description

The satellite achieves three-axis stabilization through a combination of reaction wheels, magnetorquers and hydrazine-fuelled reaction control thrusters. Power is generated by a pair of solar panels, charging two lithium-ion batteries. The solar panels generate 986 watts of power when in Sun-pointed mode. The satellite is outfitted with an eight-channel GPS receiver for the calculation of instantaneous state vectors and orbital parameters. GPS is also used for GEO-referencing of acquired imaging data.[5]


The CartoSat-2D carries a panchromatic camera (PAN) capable of taking black-and-white pictures in the visible region of electromagnetic spectrum. It also carries a High-Resolution Multi-Spectral (HRMX) radiometer which is a type of optical imager.[6] The satellite has a spatial resolution of 0.6 metres. CartoSat-2D is also capable of capturing minute long video of a fixed spot as well, Event Monitoring camera (EvM) for frequent high-resolution land observation of selected areas.[7]


It was launched by the Polar Satellite Launch Vehicle (PSLV), PSLV-C37, on 15 February 2017,[3] at 03:58 UTC along with two Indian nanosatellites (INS-1A and INS-1B) and 101 nanosatellites belonging to research facilities in the United States, Kazakhstan, Israel, the Netherlands, Switzerland, and the United Arab Emirates.[2]

See also


  1. ^ a b "Cartosat 2, 2A, 2B, 2C, 2D, 2E, 2F". Gunter's Space Page. 7 July 2020. Retrieved 11 May 2021.
  2. ^ a b c "PSLV-C37: Cartosat-2 Series Satellite Brochure" (PDF). ISRO. Archived from the original (PDF) on 12 May 2021. Retrieved 11 May 2021.
  3. ^ a b "PSLV-C37 / Cartosat-2 Series Satellite". ISRO. 15 February 2017. Archived from the original on 16 February 2017. Retrieved 11 May 2021.
  4. ^ "CARTOSAT-2D". Heavens Above. Retrieved 11 May 2021.
  5. ^ "CartoSat-2D". ESA Earth Observation Portal. 11 May 2021. Retrieved 11 May 2021.
  6. ^ "Satellite: Cartosat-2D". WMO. 4 January 2020. Retrieved 14 May 2021.
  7. ^ "India's Gateway Into the Future". Archived from the original on 5 March 2017.