Kosmos 2459
Mission typeNavigation
OperatorRussian Space Forces
COSPAR ID2010-007A[1]
SATCAT no.36400[1]
Spacecraft properties
SpacecraftGC 731
Spacecraft typeUragan-M
ManufacturerReshetnev ISS[2]
Launch mass1,415 kilograms (3,120 lb) [2]
Dimensions1.3 metres (4 ft 3 in) diameter [2]
Power1,540 watts[2]
Start of mission
Launch dateMarch 1, 2010, 21:19 (2010-03-01UTC21:19Z) UTC
Launch siteBaikonur 81/24
Orbital parameters
Reference systemGeocentric
RegimeMedium Earth orbit[3]
Semi-major axis25,505 kilometres (15,848 mi)[1]
Perigee altitude19,123 kilometres (11,882 mi)[1]
Apogee altitude19,132 kilometres (11,888 mi)[1]
Inclination64.77 degrees[1]
Period675.63 minutes[1]

Kosmos 2459 (Russian: Космос 2459 meaning Cosmos 2459) is one of a set of three Russian military satellites launched in 2010 as part of the GLONASS satellite navigation system. It was launched with Kosmos 2460 and Kosmos 2461.

This satellite is a GLONASS-M satellite, also known as Uragan-M, and is numbered Uragan-M No. 731.[1][4]

Kosmos 2459/60/61 were launched from Site 81/24 at Baikonur Cosmodrome in Kazakhstan. A Proton-M carrier rocket with a Blok DM upper stage was used to perform the launch which took place at 21:19 UTC on 1 March 2010. The launch successfully placed the satellites into Medium Earth orbit. It subsequently received its Kosmos designation, and the international designator 2010-007A. The United States Space Command assigned it the Satellite Catalog Number 36400.[1][4]

It is in the third orbital plane of the GLONASS constellation, in orbital slot 22. It started operations on 28 March 2010.[5][6]

See also


  1. ^ a b c d e f g h i j "2010-007". Zarya. n.d. Retrieved 2012-10-07.
  2. ^ a b c d e Testoyedov, Nikolay (2015-05-18). "Space Navigation in Russia: History of Development" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on 2015-07-16. Retrieved 2015-07-15.
  3. ^ McDowell, Jonathan. "Satellite Catalog". Jonathan's Space Page. Retrieved 30 April 2012.
  4. ^ a b McDowell, Jonathan. "Launch Log". Jonathan's Space Page. Retrieved 2 May 2012.
  5. ^ "Glonass". Russian Forces. 2013-05-01. Retrieved 2013-05-03.
  6. ^ "GLONASS constellation status, 03.05.2013". Information-analytical centre, Korolyov, Russia. 2013-05-03. Archived from the original on 2013-05-04. Retrieved 2013-05-03.