Globus-1M No.12L
Mission typeMilitary communication
COSPAR ID2010-002A Edit this at Wikidata
SATCAT no.36358
Mission duration5 years planned
Spacecraft properties
Spacecraft typeRaduga-1M
Launch mass2,500 kilograms (5,500 lb)
Start of mission
Launch date28 January 2010, 00:18:00 (2010-01-28UTC00:18Z) UTC
Launch siteBaikonur 81/24
Orbital parameters
Reference systemGeocentric
Longitude70° East
Perigee altitude35,780 kilometres (22,230 mi)
Apogee altitude35,805 kilometres (22,248 mi)
Inclination0.00 degrees
Period23.93 hours
Epoch24 December 2013, 14:15:48 UTC[1]

Globus-1M #12L or No.12L (Russian: Глобус-1М meaning Globe-1M), also known as Raduga-1M 2 (Russian: Радуга-1М meaning Rainbow-1M) is a Russian military communications satellite which is operated by the Russian Space Forces. It was the second Raduga-1M satellite to be launched – the first being Globus-1M #11L which was launched in 2008, and forms part of the Raduga satellite system. It is positioned in geostationary orbit at a longitude of 70 degrees East.

Globus-1M #12L was built by JSC Information Satellite Systems, and is equipped with multiple transponders broadcasting centimetre-band and decimetre-band signals.[2] It was launched by the Khrunichev State Research and Production Space Centre, using a Proton-M carrier rocket with a Briz-M upper stage. The launch occurred at 00:18:00 GMT on 28 January 2010, from Site 81/24 at the Baikonur Cosmodrome.[3] The launch was successful, and inserted the satellite directly into geosynchronous orbit.[4] At launch the satellite had a mass of 2,500 kilograms (5,500 lb), with an expected operational lifespan of around 5 years.[5]

It is currently in a geostationary orbit, with an apogee of 35,788 kilometres (22,238 mi), a perigee of 35,784 kilometres (22,235 mi), zero degrees of inclination, and an orbital period of 24 hours.[5]

See also


  1. ^ "RADUGA 1M-2 Satellite details 2010-002A NORAD 36358". N2YO. 24 December 2013. Retrieved 25 December 2013.
  2. ^ Krebs, Gunter. "Raduga-1M". Gunter's Space Page. Retrieved November 24, 2022.
  3. ^ McDowell, Jonathan. "Launch Log". Jonathan's Space Page. Retrieved 9 May 2010.
  4. ^ McDowell, Jonathan. "Satellite Catalog". Jonathan's Space Page. Retrieved 9 May 2010.
  5. ^ a b "UCS Satellite Database". Union of Concerned Scientists. 1 April 2010. Retrieved 9 May 2010.