Kosmos 2478
Mission typeNavigation
OperatorRussian Space Forces
COSPAR ID2011-071A[1]
SATCAT no.37938[1]
WebsiteGLONASS status
Spacecraft properties
SpacecraftGC 746[2]
Spacecraft typeUragan-M
ManufacturerReshetnev ISS[3]
Launch mass1,415 kilograms (3,120 lb) [3]
Dimensions1.3 metres (4 ft 3 in) diameter [3]
Power1,540 watts[3]
Start of mission
Launch dateNovember 28, 2011, 08:26 (2011-11-28UTC08:26Z) UTC
Launch sitePlesetsk 43/4
Orbital parameters
Reference systemGeocentric
RegimeMedium Earth orbit[4]
Semi-major axis25,523 kilometres (15,859 mi)[1]
Perigee altitude19,127 kilometres (11,885 mi)[1]
Apogee altitude19,163 kilometres (11,907 mi)[1]
Inclination64.82 degrees[1]
Period676.34 minutes[1]

Kosmos 2478 (Russian: Космос 2478 meaning Cosmos 2478) is a Russian military satellite launched in 2011 as part of the GLONASS satellite navigation system.

This satellite is a GLONASS-M satellite, also known as Uragan-M, and is numbered Uragan-M No. 746.[1][5]

Kosmos 2478 was launched from Site 43/4 at Plesetsk Cosmodrome in northern Russia. A Soyuz-2-1b carrier rocket with a Fregat upper stage was used to perform the launch which took place at 08:26 UTC on 28 November 2011. The launch successfully placed the satellite into Medium Earth orbit. It subsequently received its Kosmos designation, and the international designator 2011–071. The United States Space Command assigned it the Satellite Catalog Number 37938.[1][5][6]

It is in the third orbital plane used by GLONASS, in orbital slot 17.[2][6]

It started operations on 23 December 2011.[2]

See also


  1. ^ a b c d e f g h i j "2011-071". Zarya. n.d. Retrieved 2012-10-07.
  2. ^ a b c "GLONASS constellation status, 03.05.2013". Information-analytical centre, Korolyov, Russia. 2013-05-03. Archived from the original on 2013-05-04. Retrieved 2013-05-03.
  3. ^ a b c d e Testoyedov, Nikolay (2015-05-18). "Space Navigation in Russia: History of Development" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on 2015-07-16. Retrieved 2015-07-15.
  4. ^ McDowell, Jonathan. "Satellite Catalog". Jonathan's Space Page. Retrieved 30 April 2012.
  5. ^ a b McDowell, Jonathan. "Launch Log". Jonathan's Space Page. Retrieved 2 May 2012.
  6. ^ a b Podvig, Pavel (28 November 2011). "Glonass system is almost complete after successful Glonass-M launch". Russian Strategic Nuclear Forces. Retrieved 11 October 2012.