Kosmos 2470
Mission typeGeodesy
COSPAR ID2011-005A Edit this at Wikidata
SATCAT no.37362
Mission durationLaunch failure
Spacecraft properties
Spacecraft typeGeo-IK-2
ManufacturerISS Reshetnev
Launch mass1,400 kilograms (3,100 lb)
Start of mission
Launch date1 February 2011, 14:00:14 (2011-02-01UTC14:00:14Z) UTC[1]
Launch sitePlesetsk 133/3
End of mission
Last contact1 March 2011 (2011-04)
Decay date15 July 2013
Orbital parameters
Reference systemGeocentric
RegimeLow Earth
Perigee altitude320 kilometres (200 mi)
Apogee altitude1,052 kilometres (654 mi)
Inclination99.4 degrees
Period98.48 minutes
Epoch8 February 2011[2]

Kosmos 2470 (Russian: Космос 2470 meaning Cosmos 2470),[3] also known as Geo-IK-2 No.11, was a Russian geodesy satellite launched in 2011. The first Geo-IK-2 satellite, it was intended to be used to create a three-dimensional map of the Earth's surface, and to monitor plate tectonics.[4] The satellite was produced by ISS Reshetnev, and has a mass of around 1,400 kilograms (3,100 lb).[5] It was intended to operate in a circular orbit at an altitude of around 1,000 kilometres (620 mi) above the Earth's surface; however, it was placed into a lower than planned orbit after its launch failed.[6]

A second Geo-IK-2 satellite was successfully launched on June 4, 2016, as Kosmos 2517.[7]


Geo-IK-2 No.11 was launched by a Rokot rocket with a Briz-KM upper stage. The launch took place from Site 133/3 at the Plesetsk Cosmodrome, at 14:00 UTC on 1 February 2011. The Rokot performed as expected, and the Briz-KM made the first of two burns to place the satellite into its operational orbit. When the second burn was scheduled to begin, the Briz-KM failed to reignite, leaving the spacecraft in its transfer orbit.[4] Controllers were unable to make contact with the satellite after launch as had been expected, although a day after launch they were able to establish communications with it. Before its orbit decayed from low Earth orbit, it flew a perigee of 368.8 kilometres (229.2 mi) and an apogee of 1,021.1 kilometres (634.5 mi), inclined at 99.4 degrees.[8]

On 24 February 2011, Deputy Defence Minister Vladimir Popovkin announced that the satellite would be unable to fulfill its mission and thus would not be used by Russian defence forces. He added that it might still be possible to use the satellite for "checking control systems".[citation needed] On 1 March the satellite's orientation systems malfunctioned, and the spacecraft moved out of alignment with the Sun, resulting in its solar panels being unable to generate electricity. The spacecraft subsequently began to tumble. Engineers believed that it was unlikely that control would be re-established.[9]

It re-entered Earth's atmosphere on July 15, 2013.[10]


A second Geo-IK-2 satellite was successfully launched on June 4, 2016, as Kosmos 2517.[7]


  1. ^ McDowell, Jonathan. "Launch Log". Jonathan's Space Page. Retrieved 30 November 2013.
  2. ^ McDowell, Jonathan. "Satellite Catalog". Jonathan's Space Page. Retrieved 30 November 2013.
  3. ^ Podvig, Pavel (1 February 2011). "New geodetic satellite failed to reach working orbit". Russian Strategic Nuclear Forces. Russianforces.org. Retrieved 6 March 2011.
  4. ^ a b "Russia lost GEO-IK-2 satellite". AvioNews. 3 February 2011. Retrieved 5 February 2011.
  5. ^ Krebs, Gunter. "Geo-IK-2 (Musson-2, 14F31)". Gunter's Space Page. Retrieved 5 February 2011.
  6. ^ Washington Times, "Report: Russia Loses Control Of Satellite", 2 February 2011, p. 7.
  7. ^ a b "Geo-IK-2 (Musson-2, 14F31)".
  8. ^ Zak, Anatoly. "Geo-IK-2 (Musson-2; 14F31) satellite". RussianSpaceWeb. Retrieved 5 February 2011.
  9. ^ "Гео-ИК" окончательно геоикнулся (in Russian). Kommersant. 2 March 2011. Archived from the original on 7 August 2011. Retrieved 6 March 2011.
  10. ^ "Aerospace - GEO IK". Archived from the original on 2013-10-30. Retrieved 2013-08-26.