Michael Giacchino
Giacchino in 2017
Giacchino in 2017
Background information
Born (1967-10-10) October 10, 1967 (age 55)
Riverside Township, New Jersey, U.S.
GenresFilm score, contemporary classical, jazz
Occupation(s)Film, television, and video game score composer, director
InstrumentsPiano, organ, guitar, cello
Years active1994–present

Michael Giacchino (/əˈkn/;[1] born October 10, 1967) is an American composer of music for films, television and video games. He has also served as a director for television. He has received many awards, including an Oscar for his work on Up (2009), an Emmy for his work on Lost (2004), and three Grammys for his work on Ratatouille (2007) and Up (2009).

Giacchino is known for his collaborations with directors J. J. Abrams, Brad Bird, Matt Reeves, Pete Docter, Colin Trevorrow, Jon Watts, Drew Goddard, The Wachowskis, Taika Waititi, and Thomas Bezucha. Giacchino's film scores include several films from the Mission: Impossible, Jurassic World, Marvel Cinematic Universe, and Star Trek reboot series; eight Pixar Animation Studios films; and several other films. Giacchino also composed the score for the video game series Medal of Honor and Call of Duty and the television series Alias, Lost, and Fringe.

He is also known for composing the 2016 Marvel Studios fanfare, the Marvel Studios Special Presentations fanfare, and the 2011 Paramount Pictures fanfare for the studio's 100th anniversary, which has been carried onto logos for Paramount Players, Paramount Animation logos, Paramount Television Studios, and Paramount Network Original Productions.

Early life

Giacchino was born in Riverside Township, New Jersey. His father's ancestors were Italians, coming from Sicily, and his mother's ancestors emigrated from Abruzzo (in the center of Italy). Giacchino grew up in Edgewater Park Township, New Jersey,[2] and graduated from Holy Cross High School in Delran Township, New Jersey in 1986.[3] He holds dual American and Italian citizenship.[4] His brother Anthony Giacchino is a documentary filmmaker.

Giacchino began combining images and music at age 10, when he began creating stop-motion animation with homemade soundtracks in his basement. While in high school, an art teacher who mentored Giacchino recommended to his parents that he attend the School of Visual Arts in New York City. Giacchino describes visiting the school with his parents thus:[5]

I thought, wow, this is fantastic. They actually have colleges like this? Where I can do the things that I am really interested in doing? That was amazing to me. I loved SVA. I loved the kind of freedom that it provided. It was kind of like this great experiment—okay, you're here because you like something. So let's see how much you like it. We're not going to regulate you too much. We're going to see how passionate and driven you are, and how much you want this thing.[5]

Giacchino enrolled at SVA, majoring in film production and minoring in history. During his final year at SVA, his instructor in film publicity announced an unpaid internship was available at Universal Pictures. Giacchino, who was the only one interested, obtained the six-month position, which he filled at night while attending school during the day and working at Macy's to pay his rent. He graduated from SVA in 1990 with a Bachelor of Fine Arts, after which he took music classes at the Juilliard School, and then at UCLA.[5][6][7][8]

Career

Video games

When Giacchino's internship ended, Universal hired him, giving him a job upon graduation from college. He later moved to Disney, and when Disney relocated to Los Angeles, Giacchino moved with them, working in publicity, while taking night classes in instrumentation and orchestration at UCLA. His work for Disney had him interacting with the various personnel who worked in films, such as the producers who hired composers, so when a job at Disney Interactive opened for a producer, Giacchino obtained the job, thinking he could hire himself to write music for the games he produced.[5][6][7]

Giacchino's composition work for Disney Interactive during the 16-bit era included the Sega Genesis game Gargoyles, the SNES game Maui Mallard in Cold Shadow and the various console versions of The Lion King.[9] However his first major composition was for the DreamWorks video game adaptation of the 1997 movie, The Lost World: Jurassic Park.[10] The video game was one of the first PlayStation (also on Sega Saturn) console titles to be recorded with an original live orchestral score. Giacchino has since continued his relationship with DreamWorks which also included composing the score for the Small Soldiers video game in 1998, providing full orchestral scores for many of their popular videogames. He also worked with Pandemic studios to create the theme for Mercenaries: Playground of Destruction. Giacchino's award-winning compositions covers the first four installments of the Medal of Honor series, (Medal of Honor, Underground, Allied Assault and Frontline), Heroes: 2, and also the scores for several other World War II-related video games like Secret Weapons Over Normandy, Call of Duty and Call of Duty: Finest Hour.[11] Additionally, Giacchino composed themes for The Incredibles: Rise of the Underminer, and co-wrote the theme of Black with composer Chris Tilton.[12] He also composed the score for Alias, which was based on the television series of the same name. In 2008 Giacchino wrote music for Turning Point: Fall of Liberty.[13] In 2007, he returned to the Medal of Honor franchise as he composed the music for Medal of Honor: Airborne.[14]

Film and television

Giacchino's work on various video games led to his entrance into television.

In 2001, J. J. Abrams, producer of the television series Alias, discovered Giacchino through his video game work and asked him to provide the new show's soundtrack. The soundtrack featured a mix of full orchestral pieces frequently intermingled with upbeat electronic music, a departure from much of his previous work. Giacchino would go on to provide the score for J. J. Abrams's 2004 television series Lost,[15] creating an acclaimed score which employed a unique process of using spare pieces of a plane fuselage for percussion parts. The score for Lost is also notable for a signature thematic motif: a brass fall-off at the end of certain themes.[16] Just like his counterpart Stu Phillips, he worked with the television show creator Abrams on his shows with his music scores while Abrams supplied the show's main themes on certain series such as Alias.

In 2004, Giacchino received his first big feature film commission. Brad Bird, director of Pixar's The Incredibles, asked Giacchino to provide the soundtrack for the film after having heard his work on Alias.[17] The upbeat jazz orchestral sound was a departure in style not only for Giacchino but for Pixar, which had previously relied on Randy and Thomas Newman for all of its films. Director Brad Bird had originally sought out John Barry – perhaps best known for his work on the early James Bond films—but Barry was reportedly unwilling to repeat the styles of his earlier works.[18]

Giacchino was nominated for two Grammy Awards in 2005 for The Incredibles: Best Score Soundtrack Album for Motion Picture, Television or Other Visual Media and Best Instrumental Composition.[19]

Like his other counterparts Joel McNeely, J. A. C. Redford and Frank DeVol, Giacchino mostly associated with Disney from early in his career up to most recently, ranging from video games such as Mickey Mania and Gargoyles to films such as The Incredibles and eventually collaborated with Walt Disney Imagineering in creating two new soundtracks for the updated versions of Space Mountain at Disneyland, Space Mountain: Mission 2 at Disneyland Paris, and Space Mountain at Hong Kong Disneyland.[20]

Giacchino also composed scores for the 2005 films Sky High and The Family Stone, and the television movie The Muppets' Wizard of Oz. Additionally, he wrote the music for Joseph Barbera's final theatrical Tom and Jerry cartoon The Karate Guard, and scored the Abrams-directed 2006 film Mission: Impossible III.[21] Giacchino's next musical achievement was his Paris-inspired score for the Disney-Pixar film Ratatouille, which includes the theme song "Le Festin", performed by French artist Camille. He received his first Academy Award nomination for this score. He also created the score for Abrams' 2009 Star Trek film.

Giacchino scored the Pixar film Up (and its accompanying animated short Partly Cloudy), for which he collaborated with director Pete Docter. This marked the first time Giacchino worked with a Pixar director other than Brad Bird. This work gained Giacchino his first Academy Award for Best Original Score: the first-ever win for Pixar in that category. Giacchino notes that he won on the same night as his SVA classmate Joel Harlow won for Best Makeup Oscar for Star Trek.[5]

Giacchino has continued his collaboration with J. J. Abrams. For the Abrams-produced monster film Cloverfield, Giacchino wrote an homage to Japanese monster scores in an overture titled "ROAR!", which played over the credits, and constituted the only original music for the film. He composed the score for J. J. Abrams' feature Super 8 in 2011. He also composed for the pilot of the Abrams-produced American television series Fringe, after which Giacchino gave scoring duties to his assistant Chad Seiter, who scored the first half of season one. The task was then passed on to Chris Tilton, who scored the latter half of season one and all subsequent seasons.

In 2016, Giacchino composed the score for the Marvel film Doctor Strange, as well as the score for the Disney film Zootopia. Giacchino also composed the fanfare for the new Marvel Studios logo, which debuted with Doctor Strange.[22] In September 2016, it was announced that Giacchino had been chosen to replace composer Alexandre Desplat as the composer for the Star Wars anthology film Rogue One after Desplat was unavailable following reshoots.[23] Giacchino then scored four more Marvel films: 2017's Spider-Man: Homecoming, 2019's Spider-Man: Far From Home, 2021's Spider-Man: No Way Home, and 2022's Thor: Love and Thunder.[24][25]

Giacchino returned to Pixar to score Coco (2017) and Incredibles 2 (2018).[26] He also composed the score for Taika Waititi's 2019 film Jojo Rabbit. In 2022, Giacchino composed the score for The Batman, and the score for the Pixar film Lightyear.[27]

In 2018, Giacchino wrote, directed and scored Monster Challenge.[28] The short film is a satirical take on Japanese game shows, starring Patton Oswalt, Ben Schwartz, Dermot Mulroney, Amy Brenneman, Benedict Wong, Tom Everett Scott, Taishi Mizuno, Ann Madox, and Teruko Nakajima. Monster Challenge originally premiered at Fantastic Fest in 2018 and premiered on YouTube on March 20, 2020.[29] He continued with his directorial efforts with a Star Trek: Short Treks episode "Ephraim and Dot" in 2019.

On March 7, 2022, Variety reported that Giacchino is directing an upcoming as-of-yet untitled Marvel Studios television project for Disney+.[30] Four days later, The Hollywood Reporter revealed that he will be directing Werewolf by Night, which was released on October 7, 2022.[31]

Additional compositions

In addition to his long list of soundtracks, in 2005 Giacchino collaborated with Walt Disney Imagineering in creating two new soundtracks for the updated versions of Space Mountain at Disneyland, Space Mountain: Mission 2 at Disneyland Paris, and Space Mountain at Hong Kong Disneyland.[20] Giacchino was also contracted by Sarah Vowell, who played character Violet in The Incredibles, to compose the score to the audio version of her book Assassination Vacation. Michael Giacchino's music can also be heard in "Star Tours: The Adventure Continues" during the "travel log videos" shown in the queue for both the Disneyland and Walt Disney World versions of the attraction.

In 2009, he was asked to conduct the Academy Awards orchestra for the 81st Academy Awards. For this project he rearranged many famous movie themes in different styles, including a 1930s Big Band treatment of Lawrence of Arabia and a bossa nova of Moon River. Giacchino also composed the fanfare for the 100th Anniversary logo of Paramount Pictures, which debuted with Mission: Impossible – Ghost Protocol on December 7, 2011, at the Dubai International Film Festival, which it carried onto the logos of Paramount Players, which debuted alongside the logo with Nobody's Fool on November 2, 2018, Paramount Animation, which debuted alongside the logo with The SpongeBob Movie: Sponge on the Run on August 14, 2020, in Canada and Paramount Television Studios, which debuted with an episode of Minority Report and was also used on the Paramount Network Original Productions logo with 68 Whiskey, as well as the new fanfare for Marvel Studios, which debuted alongside its logo with Doctor Strange on October 13, 2016, in Hong Kong, in which he also composed the theme song of the 1967 Spider-Man cartoon series, in Spider-Man: Homecoming, replacing his work on the fanfare of the Marvel Studios logo for that film, and he rearranged the fanfare in Thor: Love and Thunder to make a more rock style, and Werewolf by Night, in which he directed the special, as well as the fanfare to Marvel Studios Special Presentations, to make a more horror style, with the latter being a part of the TV special's soundtrack as "Mane Title". He also used the notes of the fanfare at the end of the opening theme of Marvel Studios: Legends, as well as Spider-Man: No Way Home on a timpani drum in the track, "Intro to Fake News", from the film's soundtrack.

Acting

In 2015, Giacchino played an It's a Small World operator in the film Tomorrowland which he scored.[32] Additionally, the same year, he played First Order Stormtrooper FN-3181 in J. J. Abrams' Star Wars: The Force Awakens.[33] He reprised the role in the 2018 animated film Ralph Breaks the Internet.[34] In 2019, he cameoed as a Sith trooper in Star Wars: The Rise of Skywalker, also directed by Abrams.[35]

Style

This section may contain an excessive amount of intricate detail that may interest only a particular audience. Please help by spinning off or relocating any relevant information, and removing excessive detail that may be against Wikipedia's inclusion policy. (December 2021) (Learn how and when to remove this template message)

Giacchino is noted for using humorous titles filled with puns on his soundtrack albums.[36][37] Dawn of the Planet of the Apes and Jurassic World in particular had many ape- and dinosaur-related double entendres such as "Gorilla Warfare" and "Raptor Your Heart Out".[38] Many of those have references to previous works of his, both in style and naming. Giacchino used themes from the track "U-Boat" from the Medal of Honor soundtrack in the tracks "Sawyer Jones and the Temple of Boom" and "Sub-Primed" from the 5th and 6th season Lost soundtracks as the submarine motif. In terms of naming, the score for The Incredibles contains a piece named "100 Mile Dash", and subsequently Ratatouille had "100 Rat Dash", Up had "Three Dog Dash", and Coco had "Shrine and Dash". Another series of examples: "World's Worst Beach Party" from the first Lost album, "World's Worst Last 4 Minutes To Live" from the Mission: Impossible III soundtrack, "Galaxy's Worst Sushi Bar" from Star Trek (2010 deluxe release), "World's Worst Landscaping" from the second Lost album, "World's Worst Car Wash" from the soundtrack album Lost: The Final Season, and "World's Worst Field Trip" from the soundtrack of Super 8. The soundtrack for Mission: Impossible – Ghost Protocol also has a track titled "World's Worst Parking Valet", and the score for Zootopia contains a track titled "World's Worst Animal Shelter" as well as the score for Incredibles 2 including a track called "World's Worst Babysitters". Inversely, the score for Mercenaries: Playground of Destruction has a track titled "World's Best Carpool Lane"; the Speed Racer score has tracks titled "World's Best Autopia" and "World's Worst Road Rage"; the soundtrack for Jurassic World: Fallen Kingdom has a track titled "World's Worst Bedtime Storyteller"; the Doctor Strange score has a track titled "Astral World's Worst Killer"; the Rogue One: A Star Wars Story score has an alternate title for "Cargo Shuttle SW-0608" which is "World's Worst Vacation Destination"; the Spider-Man: Far From Home score has a track titled "World's Worst Water Feature"; the Spider-Man: No Way Home score has a track titled "World's Worst Friendly Neighbor"; The Batman score has a track entitled "World's Worst Translator"; the Lightyear score has a track entitled "World's Worst Self-Destruct Sequence".

Discography

Main article: Michael Giacchino discography

Filmography

Television (as director)

Title Year Notes
Monster Challenge 2018 Short film
Star Trek: Short Treks 2019 Episode: "Ephraim and Dot"
Werewolf by Night 2022 Disney+ television special

Awards and nominations

Main article: List of awards and nominations received by Michael Giacchino

See also

References

  1. ^ "Composer Michael Giacchino on Star Trek (2009) at the Hollywood Bowl" on YouTube
  2. ^ Burlingame, Jon. "Michael Giacchino's Mission: Make the Old Music New", The New York Times, May 7, 2006. Accessed February 3, 2013. "The backyard for Mr. Giacchino, 38, was in Edgewater Park, N.J., where he grew up watching — and listening to — Hanna-Barbera cartoons, The A-Team and reruns of The Dick Van Dyke Show."
  3. ^ Longsdorf, Amy. "Success sounds great for Giacchino", Courier-Post, February 24, 2008. Accessed February 3, 2013. "Giacchino, a graduate of Holy Cross High School (Class of '86), was scoring video games when Abrams gave him his first big break writing the music for TV's Alias and Lost."
  4. ^ "Oscar winners thank Italy – News in English". ANSA.it. Retrieved on August 21, 2011.
  5. ^ a b c d e Lincourt, Carrie. "Q + A". Visual Arts Journal. Volume 19, Number 1. Spring 2011. School of Visual Arts. Pages 46–49.
  6. ^ a b Burlingame, Jon (May 7, 2006). "Michael Giacchino's Mission: Make the Old Music New". The New York Times. Accessed November 27, 2007. "The backyard for Mr. Giacchino, 38, was in Edgewater Park, N.J., where he grew up watching – and listening to – Hanna-Barbera cartoons, The A-Team and reruns of The Dick Van Dyke Show. He graduated from the School of Visual Arts in New York, but, as music became his main interest, he took classes at Juilliard and, later, film-music extension courses at UCLA"
  7. ^ a b "Michael Giacchino – Scoring for Primetime: ABC's Alias" Archived May 23, 2006, at the Wayback Machine. Mackie.com. Retrieved on April 14, 2011.
  8. ^ "Biography". Michael Giacchino. Retrieved April 27, 2021.
  9. ^ "Michael Giacchino". MobyGames. Retrieved April 14, 2012.
  10. ^ "Michael Giacchino.com -Biography". Archived from the original on March 20, 2008.
  11. ^ "Michael Giacchino.com – Works". Archived from the original on March 30, 2008.
  12. ^ Chris Tilton.com – Black Archived August 30, 2006, at the Wayback Machine
  13. ^ Michael Giacchino to Score Turning Point: Fall of Liberty Archived July 20, 2013, at the Wayback Machine. News.teamxbox.com (June 26, 2007). Retrieved on August 21, 2011.
  14. ^ Goldwasser, Dan (July 10, 2007). "Michael Giacchino scores Medal of Honor: Airborne". Retrieved May 10, 2009.
  15. ^ Lost Soundtrack. Amazon. Retrieved on August 21, 2011.
  16. ^ The Log Book – Lost Archived March 3, 2007, at the Wayback Machine
  17. ^ "Maintenance". Cinemusic.
  18. ^ Message Boards: The Incredibles!. Moviemusic.com. Retrieved on August 21, 2011.
  19. ^ Grammy Nominations 2005 – PDF Archived September 29, 2007, at the Wayback Machine
  20. ^ a b Space Mountain. Allearsnet.com (May 27, 1977). Retrieved on August 21, 2011.
  21. ^ M:I – Iii. CDUniverse (May 9, 2006). Retrieved on August 21, 2011.
  22. ^ Goldberg, Matt (July 24, 2016). "Watch: Marvel Studios Debuts New Logo with Fanfare by Michael Giacchino". Collider. Archived from the original on July 25, 2016. Retrieved July 30, 2016.
  23. ^ "'Star Wars: Rogue One' Replaces Its Composer (Exclusive)". The Hollywood Reporter. September 15, 2016.
  24. ^ "'Spider-Man: Homecoming' to Be Scored by Michael Giacchino". hollywoodreporter.com. November 6, 2016. Retrieved November 7, 2016.
  25. ^ "'Thor: Love and Thunder': Michael Giacchino Set to Compose Score". Collider. December 9, 2021. Retrieved December 19, 2021.
  26. ^ "Incredibles 2: Brad Bird Confirms Michael Giacchino Back As Composer". ComicBook.com. October 29, 2015.
  27. ^ Crossan, Ash (June 16, 2022). "Michael Giacchino Interview: Lightyear". Screen Rant. Retrieved July 13, 2022.
  28. ^ "Monster Challenge Archives". Michael Giacchino. Retrieved June 1, 2020.
  29. ^ Monster Challenge, archived from the original on December 12, 2021, retrieved June 1, 2020
  30. ^ "The Music of 'The Batman': How Michael Giacchino Used Dread and Darkness to Score the Box Office Smash". Variety. March 7, 2022.
  31. ^ "Composer Michael Giacchino to Direct Marvel's Halloween Special". The Hollywood Reporter. March 11, 2022.
  32. ^ "Tomorrowland: Press Kit" (PDF). The Walt Disney Studios. Retrieved May 14, 2015.
  33. ^ Sciretta, Peter (December 18, 2015). "'Force Awakens' Cameos Revealed: Michael Giacchino, Daniel Craig, and Radiohead's Nigel Godrich". slashfilm.com. Retrieved February 21, 2019.
  34. ^ "Ralph Breaks the Internet" (PDF). The Walt Disney Company. Disney Enterprises, Inc. 2018. p. 33. Retrieved February 21, 2019.
  35. ^ Fiduccia, Christopher (June 29, 2020). "Star Wars Composer's Secret Rise of Skywalker Sith Trooper Cameo Revealed". Screen Rant. Retrieved July 10, 2021.
  36. ^ Allison (July 24, 2014). "Michael Giacchino's Strange, Pun-Filled Movie Scores". Archived from the original on January 5, 2016.
  37. ^ "Composer Michael Giacchino on Star Trek puns and the wrath of Trekkers".
  38. ^ Kroll, Laura (June 1, 2015). "The Many Prehistoric Puns on Michael Giacchino's Jurassic World Soundtrack Are Dino-myte". Bradley. Retrieved June 12, 2015.