Mirza Ghulam Ahmad of Qadian (1835-1908)
Mirza Ghulam Ahmad of Qadian (1835-1908)

Mirza Ghulam Aḥmad[1] (February 13, 1835 – May 26, 1908) was a religious figure from India, and the founder of the Ahmadiyya Muslim Community. He claimed to be the Mujaddid (divine reformer) of the 14th Islamic century, the promised Messiah ("Second Coming of Christ"), and the Mahdi awaited by the Muslims in the end days.[2][3] He declared that Jesus (Isa) had in fact survived the crucifixion and later died a natural death, after having migrated towards Kashmir and that he had appeared in the likeness of Jesus.[4]

Ghulam Ahmad is known to have produced a vast amount of literature. He wrote more than ninety books, many of which extend to hundreds of pages. His written works often contain both prose and poetry in three different languages, Urdu, Arabic and Persian, though primarily Urdu. His writings contain the exposition and explanation of Islamic teachings, often reinterpreted. A wide range of subjects are also dealt with such as mysticism and the intricate issues of Islamic theology. His writings always used the Qur'an to elaborate and give meanings to various ideas. Many of his books bear a polemical and apologetic tone in favour of Islam. Several of his books were distributed internationally during his lifetime. His essay entitled The Philosophy of the Teachings of Islam (originally presented at a conference of religions held in Lahore in December 1896 and later published as a book) was well received by various intellectuals including Leo Tolstoy of Russia.[5]

His works were collected under the leadership of Mirza Nasir Ahmad, the third khalifa of Ghulam Ahmad. Most of his writings were compiled in the twenty-three volume corpus known as Rūhānī Khazā᾽in (Spiritual Treasures) which includes his books, pamphlets, and various articles. His announcements and advertisements were collected in the Majmu'a Ishtihārāt (Collection of Announcements) with only a small number of his books being translated into English.[6] His letters have been compiled into 4 volumes known as Maktūbāt-e-Ahmad (Letters of Ahmad) and his complete discourses or sayings have been compiled in 10 volumes known as the Malfūzāt (Spoken Words). All works were initially diligently hand composed by calligraphers (کاتب). Nazarat Ishaat Pakistan based in Rabwah, and Nazarat Nashro Ishaat, Qadian, India have been the key organizations responsible for preserving, composing and publishing the works in hand composed and computerized versions.[7]

List of books

Name of Book (Original) Name of Book (English) Volume Book
Aainai Kamalat-i-Islam Mirror of the Excellences of Islam 5 1
Al-Balagh Ya Faryad-e-Dard The Conveyance 13 2
Al-Haq Mubahathah Dehli Delhi Debate 4 2
Al-Haq Mubahathah Ludhiana Ludhiana Debate 4 1
Al-Huda Wa-Tabsirato Liman Yara 18 4
Al-Wasiyyat The Will ([1]) 20 6
Anjam-e-Atham The Final stage of Atham 18 1
Anwarul-Islam The Splendours of Islam 9 1
Arba‘in Forty Brochures 17 10
Aryah Dharam The Arya Religion 10 1
Ăsmani Faisla The Heavenly Decree ([2]) 4 3
Ayyam-us-Sulh Days of Reconciliation 14 4
Barahin-e-Ahmadiyya (Part I) Proofs of Muhammad... (Part I) 1 1
Barahin-e-Ahmadiyya (Part II) Proofs of Muhammad... (Part II) 1 2
Barahin-e-Ahmadiyya (Part III) Proofs of Muhammad... (Part III) 1 3
Barahin-e-Ahmadiyya (Part IV) Proofs of Muhammad... (Part IV) 1 4
Barahin-e-Ahmadiyya (Part V) Proofs of Muhammad... (Part V) 21 1
Barakat-ud-Du‘a’ Blessings of Prayer ([3]) 6 1
Chashma'-e-Ma‘rifa The Fountain of Enlightenment 23 1
Chashma'-e-Masih The Fountain of Christianity ([4]) 20 7
Dafi‘ul-Bala’ Wa Mi‘yaro Ahlil-Istifa’ Repeller of the Calamity 18 3
Daruratul-Imām The Need for the Imam ([5]) 13 3
Diya’ul-Haq The Radiance of Truth 9 3
Eik ‘Isa’i Kei Tin Sawal Aur Unkei Jawaba Three Questions by a Christian and their Answers ([6]) 4 5
Eik Ghalati Ka Izala A Misconception Removed ([7]) 18 3
Fateh-Islam Victory of Islam 3 1
Government Angrezi Aur Jihad The British Government and Jihad 17 1
Gunah ki Ghulami Sei Riha’i Panei Ki Tadabir kaya Hain? How to be Free from Sin ([8]) 18 6
Hamāmat-ul-Bushra The Dove of Glad Tidings 7 3
Haqiqatul-Mahdi The Reality of the Mahdi 14 5
Haqiqatul-Wahi The Reality of Revelation 22 1
Hujjatul-Islam The Convincing Proof of Islam 6 2
Hujjatullah The Convincing Proof from God 12 3
I‘jaz-e-Ahmadi The Miracles of Ahmad 19 3
I‘jazul-Masih Miracle of the Messiah 18 1
Islami Usul Ki Philosoph The Philosophy of the Teachings of Islam 10 3
Ismat-e-Anbiya Innocence of the Prophets 18 7
Istifta Asking for Opinion on a Religious Matter 12 2
Itmāmul-Hujjah Completion of Proof 8 3
Izala-e-Auham Removal of Suspicions 3 3
Jalsa-e-Ahbab 12 5
Jang e Muqaddas Holy War 6 4
Karamatus Sādiqeen Miracles of the Truthful 7 2
Kashf-ul-Ghatā Unveiling of the Curtain 14 3
Kishti-e-Nuh The Teachings of Mirza Ghulam Ahmad (Book)(Noah's Ark) 19 1
Khutbah Ilhamiyyah The Revealed Sermon 16 1
Kitab-ul-Bariyyah The Book of Acquittal 13 1
Lecture Lahore Lecture Lahore 20 3
Lecture Ludhiana Lecture Ludhiana ([9]) 20 5
Lecture Sialkot Lecture Sialkot ([10]) 20 4
Lujjatun-Nur The Sea of Light 16 2
Mahmud Ki Amin 12 6
Masih Hindustan Mein Jesus in India 15 1
Mawahibur-Rahman Gifts of God 19 5
Mi‘yarul-Madhahib The Criterion for Religions ([11]) 9 6
Minan-ur-Rahman Bounties of the Gracious God/Arabic, the Mother of all Languages [12]) 9 2
Najm-ul-Hudā The Guiding Star 14 1
Nasim-e-Da‘wat The Breeze of Invitation 19 6
Nishan-e-Ăsmani The Heavenly Sign ([13]) 4 4
Nurul-Haqq (Part I) Light of Truth (Part I) 8 1
Nurul-Haqq (Part II) Light of Truth (Part II) 8 2
Nurul-Qur'an (Part I) Light of the Qur'an (Part I) 8 4
Nurul-Qur'an (Part II) Light of the Qur'an (Part II) 8 5
Nuzul-ul-Masih The Descent of the Messiah 18 5
Paigham-e-Sulah A Message of Peace 23 2
Purani Tahrirein Early Writings 2 1
Qadian Kei Aryah Aur Ham 20 9
Raz-e-Haqiqat The Secret of the Truth 14 2
Review Bar Mubahathah Batalvi Wa Chakrhalvi 19 4
Ro’idad-e-Jalsa-e-Du‘a’ 15 5
Sabz Ishtihar Green Advertisement 2 4
Sachcha’i Ka Izhar "Presentation of truth" 6 3
Sanātan Dharam Sanatan Religion 19 7
Satt Bachan The True Word 10 2
Shahadatul-Qur’an Testimony of the Qur'an 6 5
Shahna'-e-Haqq Bugle of Truth 2 3
Siraj-e-Munir The Bright Lamp 12 1
Siraj-ud-Din ‘Isa’i Kei Char Sawalon Ka Jawab Four Questions by Mr. Sirājuddīn, a Christian, and their Answers ([14]) 12 7
Seerat-ul- Abdāl Disposition of the Truthful 20 2
Sirr-ul-Khilafah The Secret of Caliphate 8 4
Sitara-e-Qaisariyyah 15 2
Surma chashm Ărya Guidance for the Ăryas 2 2
Tadhkiratush-Shahadatain A Narrative of Two Martyrdoms ([15]) 20 1
Tajalliyyat-e-Ilahiyyah Divine Manifestations ([16]) 20 8
Taudih-e-Maram Elucidation of Objectives ([17]) 3 2
Tiryaqul-Qulub Antidote of the Hearts 15 3
Tuhfa-e- Golarhviyyah A Present to Golarhvi 17 2
Tuhfa-e-Baghdad A Present to Baghdad 7 1
Tuhfa-e-Ghaznaviyyah A Present to Ghaznavis 15 4
Tuhfa-e-Qaisariyyah A Present to the Queen 12 4
Tuhfatun-Nadwa 19 2


  1. ^ "Great is Mirza Ghulam Ahmad, he claimed to be The Messiah". Sunday Herald, Boston, Massachusetts, U.S.A. 1907. Retrieved March 7, 2011.
  2. ^ "Chapter Two - Claims of Hadhrat Ahmad". Retrieved March 7, 2011.
  3. ^ Ali, Maulana Muhammad. "The Call of Islam" (PDF). Retrieved March 7, 2011.
  4. ^ "Our Teaching" (PDF). Retrieved March 7, 2011.
  5. ^ Zamindar Newspaper, Munshi Siraj ud Deen, India, August 16, 1906
  6. ^ Ahmadiyya Muslim Community - Introducing the Books of the Promised Messiah (as)
  7. ^ "روحانی خزائن (حضرت مرزا غلام احمد قادیانی، مسیح موعود و مہدی معہودؑ)". alisl.am (in Urdu). Retrieved 2019-10-11.