Nikolay Aleksandrovich Sidorov (Russian: Николай Александрович Сидоров; born November 23, 1956) is a former Soviet track and field athlete where he won the Soviet 100 metre championships on two occasions, he was then the winner of the gold medal in the 4 × 100 m relay at the 1980 Summer Olympics.
At the Moscow Olympics, Sidorov was eliminated in the semifinal of the 200 m and ran the second leg in the gold medal-winning Soviet 4 × 100 m relay team. At the 1982 European Championships, Sidorov was fifth in the 100 m and won the gold medal as a member of the Soviet 4 × 100 m relay team. He also participated in the first World Championships, where he was eliminated in the heats of the 100 m and won the bronze medal as a member of the Soviet 4 × 100 m relay team.
|Representing Soviet Union|
|1980||Olympic Games||Moscow, Soviet Union||1st||4 × 100 m relay||38.26 s|
|1982||European Championships||Athens, Greece||1st||4 × 100 m relay||38.60 s|
|1983||World Championships||Helsinki, Finland||3rd||4 × 100 m relay||38.41 s|
|1984||Friendship Games||Moscow, Soviet Union||1st||4 × 100 m relay||38.32 s|