.mw-parser-output .hidden-begin{box-sizing:border-box;width:100%;padding:5px;border:none;font-size:95%}.mw-parser-output .hidden-title{font-weight:bold;line-height:1.6;text-align:left}.mw-parser-output .hidden-content{text-align:left}@media all and (max-width:500px){.mw-parser-output .hidden-begin{width:auto!important;clear:none!important;float:none!important))You can help expand this article with text translated from the corresponding article in Italian. (February 2021) Click [show] for important translation instructions. Machine translation, like DeepL or Google Translate, is a useful starting point for translations, but translators must revise errors as necessary and confirm that the translation is accurate, rather than simply copy-pasting machine-translated text into the English Wikipedia. Consider adding a topic to this template: there are already 3,072 articles in the main category, and specifying|topic= will aid in categorization. Do not translate text that appears unreliable or low-quality. If possible, verify the text with references provided in the foreign-language article. You must provide copyright attribution in the edit summary accompanying your translation by providing an interlanguage link to the source of your translation. A model attribution edit summary is Content in this edit is translated from the existing Italian Wikipedia article at [[:it:Olbia]]; see its history for attribution. You may also add the template ((Translated|it|Olbia)) to the talk page. For more guidance, see Wikipedia:Translation.
Olbia
Terranoa (Sardinian)
Tarranoa (Gallurese)
Comune di Olbia
November 2014 aerial photograph of Olbia. The airport and the harbour are both visible.
November 2014 aerial photograph of Olbia. The airport and the harbour are both visible.
Coat of arms of Olbia
Location of Olbia
Map
Olbia is located in Italy
Olbia
Olbia
Location of Olbia in Sardinia
Olbia is located in Sardinia
Olbia
Olbia
Olbia (Sardinia)
Coordinates: 40°55′N 09°30′E / 40.917°N 9.500°E / 40.917; 9.500
CountryItaly
RegionSardinia
ProvinceSassari
FrazioniBerchiddeddu, Murta Maria, Pittulongu, Rudalza-Porto Rotondo, San Pantaleo
Government
 • MayorSettimo Nizzi
Area
 • Total383.64 km2 (148.12 sq mi)
Population
 (30 May 2018)[1]
 • Total60,345
 • Density160/km2 (410/sq mi)
DemonymOlbiesi
Time zoneUTC+1 (CET)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+2 (CEST)
Postal code
07026
Dialing code0789
Patron saintSt. Simplicius
Saint dayMay 15
WebsiteOfficial website

Olbia (Italian: [ˈɔlbja] ,[2][3] locally [ˈolbja]; Sardinian: Terranoa; Gallurese: Tarranoa)[4] is a city and commune of 60,346 inhabitants (May 2018) in the Italian insular province of Sassari in northeastern Sardinia, Italy, in the historical region of Gallura. Called Olbia in the Roman age, Civita in the Middle Ages (Judicates period) and the Terranova Pausania until the 1940s, Olbia has again been the official name of the city since the fascist period.

Geography

It is the economic centre of this part of the island (commercial centres, food industry) and is very close to the Costa Smeralda tourist area. It was one of the administrative capitals of the province of Olbia-Tempio, operative since 2005 and canceled after a referendum seven years later. Olbia is a tourist destination thanks to its sea and beaches and also for the large number of places of cultural interest to visit.

Climate

Olbia has a Mediterranean climate (Csa), with mild winters, warm springs and autumns and hot summers.

Climate data for Olbia, Sardinia
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °C (°F) 25.1
(77.2)
24.5
(76.1)
28.0
(82.4)
27.8
(82.0)
35.0
(95.0)
39.9
(103.8)
47.4
(117.3)
41.0
(105.8)
38.3
(100.9)
33.3
(91.9)
29.0
(84.2)
24.0
(75.2)
47.4
(117.3)
Mean daily maximum °C (°F) 14.6
(58.3)
15.2
(59.4)
16.5
(61.7)
18.4
(65.1)
22.7
(72.9)
27.6
(81.7)
30.5
(86.9)
30.8
(87.4)
27.0
(80.6)
22.2
(72.0)
17.8
(64.0)
15.4
(59.7)
21.6
(70.8)
Mean daily minimum °C (°F) 5.2
(41.4)
5.9
(42.6)
6.3
(43.3)
8.2
(46.8)
11.3
(52.3)
15.4
(59.7)
18.3
(64.9)
18.5
(65.3)
15.9
(60.6)
11.8
(53.2)
8.0
(46.4)
6.1
(43.0)
10.9
(51.6)
Record low °C (°F) −3.6
(25.5)
−3.0
(26.6)
−2.5
(27.5)
−1.0
(30.2)
3.9
(39.0)
7.0
(44.6)
12.0
(53.6)
10.0
(50.0)
8.9
(48.0)
4.0
(39.2)
−1.4
(29.5)
−4.2
(24.4)
−4.2
(24.4)
Average precipitation mm (inches) 47.3
(1.86)
72.6
(2.86)
63.4
(2.50)
56.1
(2.21)
37.4
(1.47)
18.4
(0.72)
6.4
(0.25)
28.1
(1.11)
40.8
(1.61)
58.4
(2.30)
55.6
(2.19)
97.9
(3.85)
582.4
(22.93)
Average precipitation days 7 8 8 8 4 3 1 3 5 5 6 9 67
Average relative humidity (%) 70 69 65 66 66 58 60 63 67 65 72 72 66
Mean monthly sunshine hours 127 138 186 213 279 312 360 316 249 195 138 118 2,631
Source: Aeronautica Militare [5][6]

History

Although the name is of Greek origin, due to the Greek presence during the seventh century B.C., the city of Olbia was first settled either by the Nuragics[7] or by Phoenicians, according to the archaeological findings. It contains ruins from the Nuragic era to the Roman era, when it was an important port, and the Middle Ages, when it was the capital of the Giudicato of Gallura, one of the four independent states of Sardinia. During the First Punic War, the Romans fought against the Carthaginians and the Sardinians near Olbia, where the general Hanno died in battle.[citation needed]

From 1113 it was the episcopal see of the Diocese of Cività (succeeding to the Diocese of Gallura, the 1070 restoration of the Diocese of Fausania, c. 500–750), which was renamed in 1839 as Diocese of Civita–Tempio until its formal suppression in favor of (in fact merger into) the Diocese of Tempio–Ampurias (also integrating the Diocese of Ampurias, which was in personal union with the see of Civita from 1506).[citation needed]

Main sights

Sport

Olbia Calcio 1905 represents Olbia in Serie C, the third division of Italian football. Olbia hosted several legs of Aquabike World Championship (powerboating) in 2003, 2004, 2018, 2019.

Transport

Olbia Airport departures area

Olbia is the main connection between Sardinia and the Italian peninsula, with an airport (Olbia – Costa Smeralda), a passenger port (Olbia-Isola Bianca), and a railway from Olbia railway station to Porto Torres, Golfo Aranci and Cagliari. There is an expressway to Nuoro and Cagliari (SS131) and national roads to Sassari (SS199-E840), Tempio Pausania (SS127) and Palau (SS125).

Further information: Venafiorita Airport

Local transport

The internal city public transport and bus connections with the surrounding areas are provided by the ASPO[8] (Olbia's public service company), while vehicle connections with the other centers of the territory are provided by the ARST[9] (Sardinian regional transport company). Other private carriers operate with lines under concession.

Hospitals

The major hospitals in the area are:

Gallery


References

  1. ^ Population data from Istat.
  2. ^ Migliorini, Bruno; Tagliavini, Carlo; Fiorelli, Piero. Tommaso Francesco Borri (ed.). "Dizionario italiano multimediale e multilingue d'ortografia e di pronunzia". dizionario.rai.it. Rai Eri. Retrieved 12 February 2016.
  3. ^ Canepari, Luciano. "Dizionario di pronuncia italiana online". dipionline.it. Retrieved 12 February 2016.
  4. ^ Olbia e la sua storia: arrivata la cartellonistica con i toponimi storici – Olbia.it.
  5. ^ "Climate Statistics for Olbia, Sardinia". Retrieved 29 March 2013.
  6. ^ "16531: Olbia / Costa Smeralda (Italy)". ogimet.com. OGIMET. 24 July 2023. Retrieved 24 July 2023.
  7. ^ Pittau, Massimo (2007). Storia dei sardi nuragici (in Italian). Selargius: Domus de janas. ISBN 978-88-88569-39-0. OCLC 876584347. Noi respingiamo con decisione la tesi sostenuta di recente da qualcuno secondo cui Olbia sarebbe stata fondata dai Cartaginesi nel 350 a.C., e sosteniamo invece che non si possa dubitare per nulla del fatto che il sito di Olbia fosse stato occupato in epoca molto più antica dai Nuragici. Lo dimostra all'evidenza innanzitutto il fatto che tutto il retroterra olbiese è risultato ricco di monumenti e reperti nuragici – si pensi al pozzo sacro di 'Sa Testa' ed inoltre al santuario fortificato di 'Cabu Abbas'-, in secondo luogo la circostanza che ai Nuragici non poteva sfuggire l'importanza enorme della baia di Olbia come insenatura difesa dai venti e quindi adattissima alla pesca, all'estrazione del sale ed alla navigazione.
  8. ^ "ASPO Trasporto Pubblico Olbia". ASPO. Retrieved 2020-11-13.
  9. ^ "ARST - - Home". www.arst.sardegna.it. Retrieved 2020-11-13.
  10. ^ "ASSL Olbia - Servizi al cittadino - Ospedali - Giovanni Paolo II". www.aslolbia.it. Retrieved 2020-11-13.
  11. ^ "ASSL Olbia - Servizi al cittadino - Ospedali - Paolo Dettori". www.aslolbia.it. Retrieved 2020-11-13.
  12. ^ "ASSL Olbia - Servizi al cittadino - Ospedali - Paolo Merlo". www.aslolbia.it. Retrieved 2020-11-13.

Sources and external links