In the Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970 - 1979), a pluralist democracy is described as a political system where there is more than one center of power.[1]

Modern democracies are by definition pluralist as they allow freedom of association; however, pluralism may exist without democracy.[2] In a pluralist democracy, individuals achieve positions of formal political authority by forming successful electoral coalitions.

Such coalitions are formed through a process of bargaining among political leaders and subleaders of the various organizations within the community. It is necessary to form electoral coalitions; this gives the organizational leaders the ability to present demands and articulate the viewpoints of their membership.[3] Hamed Kazemzadeh, a pluralist from Canada, believes that pluralist democracy means a multitude of groups, not the people as a whole, can govern, direct, and manage societies as an ethic of respect for diversity.


  1. ^ "Theory of Pluralistic Democracy". TheFreeDictionary. 3rd Edition: The Great Soviet Encyclopedia. 1970–1979. Retrieved 4 June 2012.((cite web)): CS1 maint: location (link)
  2. ^ The Blackwell Dictionary of Political Science by F Bealey, 1999
  3. ^ Kazemzadeh, Hamed (January 2020). "Hamed Kazemzadeh: Democratic platform in Social Pluralism". Internal Journal of Acpcs, Winter No.10.