Pulau Pisang Lighthouse
Rumah Api Pulau Pisang
LocationPulau Pisang, Johor, Malaysia
Coordinates1°28′10″N 103°15′21″E / 1.46944°N 103.25583°E / 1.46944; 103.25583Coordinates: 1°28′10″N 103°15′21″E / 1.46944°N 103.25583°E / 1.46944; 103.25583
Constructed1914
Constructioncast iron tower
Tower height16 metres (52 ft)[1]
Tower shapecylindrical tower with balcony and lantern
Markingswhite tower and lantern
Focal height150 metres (490 ft) (focal plane)[1]
Lens1st order Fresnel lens (original), 4th order Fresnel lens (current)
CharacteristicFl W 10s.[1]
NGA no.112-21692 Edit this at Wikidata
Admiralty no.F1668 Edit this on Wikidata
ARLHS no.WMA010

The Pulau Pisang Lighthouse (Malay: Rumah Api Pulau Pisang) is a lighthouse located on the highest point of Pulau Pisang, an island in the Strait of Malacca 15 kilometres from Pontian Kechil, Johor, Malaysia.[2]

Built in 1914, the lighthouse was constructed as a white 16 metre (52 feet) high[1] circular cast iron tower with one support structure and a single storey keeper's house at the base,[1] remaining functional as an aid for maritime navigation into the western entrance of the Singapore Strait, as of 2008.[2] Due to its isolated location, the lighthouse is only reachable via boat and an access road.[1]

While the island where the lighthouse belongs to Johor, the lighthouse is operated by the Maritime and Port Authority of Singapore (MPA).[3] This is due to an agreement signed in 1900 between Sultan Ibrahim of Johor and Sir James Alexander Sweethenham, Governor of the Straits Settlements, that the island belongs to Johor while the British government of Singapore (part of the Straits Settlements), the rights to the plot of land on which the lighthouse stands and the roadway leading to it.[2][3]

When Singapore separated from Malaysia in 1965, Malaysia took over the island while management of the lighthouse remains with Singapore.[4]

In 2003, Minister for foreign affairs of Singapore, S. Jayakumar, acknowledged that sovereignty of Pulau Pisang is with Malaysia and had never disputed that sovereignty. He also maintained that that the management of Pulau Pisang Lighthouse should remain with Singapore.

Since 2002, to maintain sovereignty over the island by Malaysia, lighthouse keepers and maintenance workers from MPA need to clear Malaysia's customs at Kukup in Johor before heading to Pulau Pisang. Before 2002, there was no such requirement.[4]

See also

References

  1. ^ a b c d e f Rowlett, Russ. "Lighthouses of West Malaysia South Coast". The Lighthouse Directory. University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill. Retrieved 30 January 2021.
  2. ^ a b c "Pulau Pisang Lighthouse". Lighthouse Explorer Database. Foghorn Publishing. Retrieved 30 January 2021.
  3. ^ a b Rusli, Mohd; Mohamad, Rahmat; Dremliuga, Roman (31 December 2014). "PULAU PISANG LIGHT: A NONMALAYSIAN LIGHTHOUSE ON A MALAYSIAN ISLAND". Journal of Southeast Asian Studies. 19: 35–40. doi:10.22452/jati.vol19no1.3.
  4. ^ a b Rusli, Mohd Hazmi Mohd (10 July 2019). "Singapore lighthouse on a Malaysian island | New Straits Times". NST Online. Retrieved 13 October 2021.