Rajasa was the ruling dynasty of Singhasari kingdom and later Majapahit empire in 13th to 15th century eastern Java. The rulers of Singhasari and Majapahit trace their origins back to the mysterious figure of Ken Arok or Sri Ranggah Rajasa, who founded the Rajasa dynasty early in the 13th century. According to the Pararaton, Ken Arok was born in the Tumapel region (present day Malang, East Java).[1] He was considered as the dynasty founder of both the Singhasari and Majapahit line of monarchs.[2]

In Sanskrit, the term rajasa means either "passion" or "dust"/"soil".[3]

List of rulers

Genealogy diagram of Rajasa dynasty, the royal family of Singhasari and Majapahit. Rulers are highlighted with period of reign.

Singhasari period:

  1. Ken Arok (1222—1227)[4]: 185–187 
  2. Anusapati (1227—1248)[4]: 187–188 
  3. Panji Tohjaya (1248)[4]: 188 
  4. Vishnuwardhana-Narasimhamurti (1248—1268)[4]: 188 
  5. Kertanegara (1268—1292)[4]: 188 

Majapahit period:

  1. Raden Wijaya (1294—1309)[4]: 232–233 
  2. Jayanegara (1309—1328)[4]: 233 
  3. Queen regnant Tribhuwana Wijayatunggadewi (1328—1350)[4]: 234 
  4. Hayam Wuruk (1350—1389)[4]: 234 
  5. Wikramawardhana (1389—1429)
  6. Queen regnant Suhita (1429—1447)
  7. Kertawijaya (1447–1451)
  8. Rajasawardhana (1451–1453), followed by three years of interregnum
  9. Girishawardhana (1456–1466)
  10. Suraprabhawa (1466–1474)
  11. Girindrawardhana (1474–1498)

Family Tree

Family Tree of the Rajasa Dynasty

Singhasari (1222-1292)

Majapahit (1293-1498)

♀ Ken UmangSri Ranggah
Rajasa

(1)
r. 1222-1227/47
Ken DedesTunggul
Ametung
Panji
Tohjaya

(3)
r. 1248
Mahisa Wong
Teleng
Bhatara
Anusapati

(2)
r. 1227/47-1248
Bhatara
Narasinghamurti
Jayawisnu
wardhana

(4)
r. 1248-1268
Dyah Lembu
Tal
Kertanagara
(5)
r. 1268-1292
IndreswariKertarajasa
Jayawardhana

(1)
r. 1293-1309
Gayatri
Rajapatni
Sri
Sundarapandya
Dewa Adhiswara

(2)
r. 1309-1328
Sri Tribhuwana
Wijayatungga
dewi

(3)
r. 1328-1351
Cakradhara
Sri
Rajasanagara

(4)
r. 1351-1389
Singhawardhana♀ Dyah Nertaja
♀ KusumawardhaniWikrama
wardhana

(5)
r. 1389-1429
♀ Bhre Daha
Wijaya
Parakrama
wardhana

(7)
r. 1447-1451
Bhre Hyang
Parameswara
Ratnapangkaja
Sri Suhita
(6)
r. 1429-1447
Rajasawardhana
Sang Sinagara

(8)
r. 1451-1453
Girishawardhana
(9)
r. 1456-1466
Sri Adi
Suraprabhawa

(10)
r. 1466-1468
Bhre Kertabhumi
(11)
r. 1468-1474
Girindrawardhana
(12)
r. 1474-1498

See also

References

  1. ^ "Rajasa Dynasty". East Java.com. Retrieved 2010-07-25.
  2. ^ Ooi, Keat Gin (2004). Southeast Asia: a historical encyclopedia. Bloomsbury Academic. ISBN 9781576077702. Retrieved 2010-07-25.
  3. ^ "Rajasa". Sanskrit dictionary.
  4. ^ a b c d e f g h i Cœdès, George (1968). The Indianized states of Southeast Asia. University of Hawaii Press. ISBN 9780824803681.