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Sultanate of Serdang
ﻛﺴﻠطﺎﻧﻦ سردڠ
1723–1946
Flag of
Flag
The territory of the Sultanate of Serdang in 1930 (orange)
The territory of the Sultanate of Serdang in 1930 (orange)
CapitalPerbaungan
Common languagesMalay
Religion
Islam
GovernmentMonarchy Sultanate
Sultan 
• 1723-1782
Tuanku Umar Johan Pahlawan Alam Shah
• 1879-1946
Sultan Sulaiman Syariful Alam Shah
• 2011-Now
Sultan Achmad Thalaa Shariful Alam Shah
History 
• Established
1723
1946
Today part ofIndonesia

The Sultanate of Serdang (ﻛﺴﻠطﺎﻧﻦ سردڠ) was an ancient Malay-Indonesian monarchy, Serdang was founded in 1723 and joined the Republic of Indonesia in 1946. The Sultanate separated from Sultanate of Deli after a dispute over the royal throne in 1720. Like other kingdoms on the east coast of Sumatra, Serdang prospered because of the opening of tobacco, rubber and oil palm plantations.

History

Establishment of the Sultanate of Deli

According to history, an Laksamana from Sultan Iskandar Muda Aceh named Sri Paduka Gocah Pahlawan, have a title Laksamana Khoja Bintan, married to the younger brother of Raja Urung (state) Sunggal, a Karo Tribal area that already converted to Islam. Then, by the 4 Kings of the Urung Karo tribe who were already Muslim, this Laksamana was appointed king in Deli in 1630. With that event, the Kingdom of Deli was officially established, and the Laksamana became the first Deli King. In the coronation process of the Deli King, King Urung Sunggal was in charge as Ulun Jandi, namely to say obedience from the Big Men and people to the king. Then, the Datuk Empat Institution was formed, and Raja Urung Sunggal was a member of the Datuk Empat Institution.

Crisis

In its development, in 1723 there was chaos when Tuanku Panglima Paderap, the 3rd Raja Deli died. This crisis happened because the eldest son of the King who was supposed to replace him had a defect in his eyes, so he could not become king. Son number 2, Tuanku Pasutan who was very ambitious to become king then took over the throne and expelled his younger brother, Tuanku Umar with his mother, Permaisuri Tuanku Puan Sampali, to Serdang region.

According to Malay custom, Tuanku Umar was supposed to replace his father as the Deli King, because he was the son of garaha (permaisuri), while Tuanku Pasutan was only a concubine. However, because he was still a minor, Tuanku Umar was finally eliminated from the Deli. To prevent civil war from happening, the 2 Great Men of Deli, namely Raja Urung Sunggal and Raja Urung Senembal, together with an East Urung Batak King in the upstream Serdang region (Tanjong Merawa), and an official from Aceh (Lumu Kejeruan), then rationing Tuanku Umar as the first Serdang King in 1723. Since then, the Serdang Kingdom has been established as a fraction of the Deli Kingdom.

Rulers

A sultan of Serdang
A sultan of Serdang

Heads of the Royal House

Sultans

Family Tree

Family Tree of Serdang Monarchs
Umar Johan
Pahlawan
Alam Syah

(1)
r. 1723-1782
Ainan Johan
Pahlawan
Alam Syah

(2)
r. 1782-1822
Thaf Sinar
Basyar Syah I

(3)
r. 1822-1851
Basyaruddin
Syaiful
Alam Syah

(4)
r. 1851-1879
Sulaiman
Syariful
Alam Syah

(5)
r. 1879-1946
Rajih Anwar
(6)
r. 1946-1960
Abunawar
Syarifullah
Alam Syah
Al Haj

(7)
r. 1960-2001
Luckman
Sinar Basyar
Syah II

(8)
r. 2002-2011
Achmad Thalaa
Syariful
Alam Syah

(9)
r. 2011-present

See also

References