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Spanish Fork, Utah
Spanish Fork city offices
Spanish Fork city offices
Nickname: 
None
Motto(s): 
"Pride and Progress"
Location in Utah County and the state of Utah
Location in Utah County and the state of Utah
Coordinates: 40°6′54″N 111°39′18″W / 40.11500°N 111.65500°W / 40.11500; -111.65500[1]
CountryUnited States
StateUtah
CountyUtah
Settled1851
IncorporatedJanuary 17, 1855
Named forSpanish Fork (river)
Area
 • Total16.21 sq mi (41.98 km2)
 • Land16.21 sq mi (41.98 km2)
 • Water0.00 sq mi (0.00 km2)
Elevation4,577 ft (1,395 m)
Population
 (2020)
 • Total42,602
 • Density2,600/sq mi (1,000/km2)
Time zoneUTC−7 (Mountain (MST))
 • Summer (DST)UTC−6 (MDT)
ZIP code
84660
Area code(s)385, 801
FIPS code49-71290[citation needed]
Websitewww.spanishfork.org

Spanish Fork is a city in Utah County, Utah, United States.[1] It is part of the ProvoOrem Metropolitan Statistical Area. The 2020 census reported a population of 42,602.[3] Spanish Fork, Utah is the 20th largest city in Utah based on official 2017 estimates from the US Census Bureau.[4]

Spanish Fork lies in the Utah Valley, with the Wasatch Range to the east and Utah Lake to the northwest. I-15 passes the northwest side of the city. Payson is approximately six miles to the southwest, Springville lies about four miles to the northeast, and Salem is approximately 4.5 miles to the south.[5][6]

History

Spanish Fork was settled in 1851 by members of the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints as part of the Mormon Pioneers' settlement of Utah Territory. Its name derives from a visit to the area by two Franciscan friars from Spain, Silvestre Vélez de Escalante and Francisco Atanasio Domínguez in 1776, who followed the stream down Spanish Fork canyon with the objective of opening a new trail from Santa Fe, New Mexico, to the Spanish missions in California, along a route later followed by fur trappers.[citation needed] They described the area inhabited by Native Americans as having "spreading meadows, where there is sufficient irrigable land for two good settlements. [...] Over and above these finest of advantages, it has plenty of firewood and timber in the adjacent sierra which surrounds it—many sheltered spots, waters, and pasturages, for raising cattle and sheep and horses."[7]

In 1851, some settlers led by William Pace set up scattered farms in the Spanish Fork bottom lands and called the area the Upper Settlement. However, a larger group congregated at what became known as the Lower Settlement just over a mile northwest of the present center of Spanish Fork along the Spanish Fork river. In December 1851, Stephen Markham, who was severely wounded outside Carthage Jail in Carthage, Illinois while attempting to defend Joseph Smith and other church leaders from a mob in 1844, became the president of the first church congregation (branch) at the Lower Settlement.[8]: 823 

In 1852, Latter-day Saints founded a settlement called Palmyra west of the historic center of Spanish Fork. George A. Smith supervised the laying out of a townsite, including a temple square in that year.[8]: 631–632  A fort and a school were built at the Palmyra site in 1852.[8]: 824  With the onset of the Walker War in 1853, most of the farmers in the region who were not yet in the Palmyra fort moved in.[8]: 631  Some of the people did not like this site and so moved to a different site at the mouth of Spanish Fork Canyon, where they built a structure they called "Fort St. Luke".[8]: 256–257  Also in 1854 there was a fort founded approximately 2 miles (3.2 km) south of the center of Spanish Fork that later was known as the "Old Fort".[8]: 823 

Between 1855 and 1860, the arrival of pioneers from Iceland made Spanish Fork the first permanent Icelandic settlement in the United States.[9] The city also lent its name to the 1865 Treaty of Spanish Fork, where the Utes were forced by an Executive Order of President Abraham Lincoln to relocate to the Uintah Basin.[citation needed]

Geography

Climate

Spanish Fork has a dry-summer continental climate (Köppen: Dsa) with cold, snowy winters and hot, dry summers.

Climate data for Spanish Fork Power House, Utah, 1991–2020 normals, extremes 1909–present
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °F (°C) 69
(21)
72
(22)
81
(27)
87
(31)
99
(37)
109
(43)
108
(42)
104
(40)
101
(38)
89
(32)
79
(26)
68
(20)
109
(43)
Mean maximum °F (°C) 51.1
(10.6)
59.6
(15.3)
71.9
(22.2)
80.2
(26.8)
88.9
(31.6)
97.0
(36.1)
100.1
(37.8)
97.8
(36.6)
91.9
(33.3)
81.7
(27.6)
66.7
(19.3)
53.7
(12.1)
101.1
(38.4)
Mean daily maximum °F (°C) 38.3
(3.5)
45.1
(7.3)
56.6
(13.7)
64.2
(17.9)
74.3
(23.5)
85.7
(29.8)
93.1
(33.9)
90.7
(32.6)
81.1
(27.3)
66.8
(19.3)
50.8
(10.4)
38.4
(3.6)
65.4
(18.6)
Daily mean °F (°C) 30.1
(−1.1)
35.4
(1.9)
44.7
(7.1)
51.1
(10.6)
60.0
(15.6)
69.5
(20.8)
77.1
(25.1)
75.2
(24.0)
66.0
(18.9)
53.7
(12.1)
40.9
(4.9)
30.6
(−0.8)
52.9
(11.6)
Mean daily minimum °F (°C) 22.0
(−5.6)
25.7
(−3.5)
32.7
(0.4)
37.9
(3.3)
45.6
(7.6)
53.3
(11.8)
61.1
(16.2)
59.7
(15.4)
50.9
(10.5)
40.5
(4.7)
31.0
(−0.6)
22.7
(−5.2)
40.3
(4.6)
Mean minimum °F (°C) 5.3
(−14.8)
9.7
(−12.4)
18.3
(−7.6)
25.7
(−3.5)
33.4
(0.8)
41.1
(5.1)
51.6
(10.9)
50.8
(10.4)
37.9
(3.3)
26.7
(−2.9)
13.9
(−10.1)
5.2
(−14.9)
0.8
(−17.3)
Record low °F (°C) −16
(−27)
−20
(−29)
1
(−17)
10
(−12)
21
(−6)
29
(−2)
38
(3)
38
(3)
26
(−3)
8
(−13)
−6
(−21)
−19
(−28)
−20
(−29)
Average precipitation inches (mm) 2.11
(54)
2.08
(53)
2.16
(55)
2.47
(63)
2.11
(54)
0.97
(25)
0.57
(14)
0.74
(19)
1.40
(36)
1.81
(46)
1.80
(46)
1.97
(50)
20.19
(513)
Average snowfall inches (cm) 17.3
(44)
14.1
(36)
6.8
(17)
4.2
(11)
0.0
(0.0)
0.0
(0.0)
0.0
(0.0)
0.0
(0.0)
0.0
(0.0)
0.5
(1.3)
7.4
(19)
15.7
(40)
66.0
(168)
Average precipitation days (≥ 0.01 in) 9.9 9.5 9.3 10.8 8.8 4.9 3.8 5.4 6.1 7.1 8.1 9.8 93.5
Average snowy days (≥ 0.1 in) 6.5 5.2 2.9 1.9 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.3 3.3 6.7 26.8
Source: NOAA[10][11]

Demographic

Historical population
CensusPop.Note
1860773
18701,45087.6%
18802,30458.9%
18902,68616.6%
19003,32723.9%
19103,75112.7%
19204,0357.6%
19303,727−7.6%
19404,16711.8%
19505,23025.5%
19606,47223.7%
19707,28412.5%
19809,82534.9%
199011,27214.7%
200020,24679.6%
201034,69171.3%
202042,60222.8%
U.S. Decennial Census[12]

As of the 2010 census, there were 34,691 people, 9,069 households, and 7,885 families residing in the city. The population density was 2,252.7 people per square mile (871.6/km2). There were 9,440 housing units, at an average density of 613.0 per square mile (237.2/km2). The racial makeup of the city was 90.9% White, 0.4% African American, 0.5% Native American, 0.6% Asian, 0.7% Pacific Islander, 4.4% some other race, and 2.5% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 10.6% of the population.[13] As for ages, the population was quite young with 40.9% being under the age of 18, 53.6% aged 18–64 and 5.5% over the age of 65.[14]

At the 2000 census, the median income for a household in the city was $62,805, and the median income for a family was $64,909. The per capita income for the city was $17,162. About 4.3% of families and 6.2% of the population were below the poverty line.

Economy

Mountain Country Foods is currently Spanish Fork's largest private employer with 350 employees. Eight other businesses employ one hundred or more workers: SAPA, Klune Industries, Longview Fibre, Nature's Sunshine, Rocky Mountain Composites, J.C. Penney, Western Wats, and Provo Craft.[needs update][15]

Spanish Fork has a predominantly LDS population. There are seventy-four LDS wards in nine stakes in the southern Utah Valley and a temple, the Payson Utah Temple, which opened in June 2015. The majority of residents are Members of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints just like all of Utah County.[16]

There are other churches in town: the Presbyterian Church established a church and mission day school in 1882. The school functioned until the state school system was inaugurated in the early part of the twentieth century. Today there are nine public elementary schools, two intermediate, and two high schools of the Nebo School District.[17]

A Lutheran church, established by immigrants from Iceland, was built on the east bench of Spanish Fork.[18] There is also the Faith Baptist Church, a Baptist congregation.[19]

A Roman Catholic church serves the Catholics of southern Utah Valley; many happen to be of Italian descent (see Utah Italians), Hispanics, Filipino Americans, and some Greek Catholics from the Balkans.[18]

ISKCON, the international society of Krishna Consciousness, have built a temple in Spanish Fork, run by Caru Das, the temple priest. Indian Americans form a small but noticeable community in the Spanish Fork-Provo area (especially in the neighboring town of Springville).[20]

In Utah Valley's historical settlement by immigrants, Scandinavians (most notably Icelanders); as well as Swiss people; Spanish Americans, Hispanics or Latinos; English Americans, Irish Americans and Scottish Americans are prevalent ethnocultural groups in Spanish Fork, and the nearby towns of Salem and Payson.[21]

Arts and culture

Sights

The Angelus Theatre in Spanish Fork hosts live shows, collaborating with theater companies including Great Hall Theatrical Experiences andCobb&Co, and other events such as live music or rock bands.[22]

Events

Festival of Colors at the Sri Sri Radha Krishna Temple in Spanish Fork

Spanish Fork City hosts five large-scale events each year: Fiesta Days, Icelandic Days, the Harvest Moon Hurrah, the Festival of Lights, and the Festival of Colors.[citation needed]

Icelandic Days

The Icelandic Association of Utah was founded in 1897 and hosts Iceland Days every year. The association picked June because Icelandic Independence Day, or National Day, is June 17.

Spanish Fork was the first Icelandic settlement in the United States, after Icelanders who joined the Church of Jesus Christ were expelled from that country, according to association spokesman Glenn Grossman.[citation needed] Although other nationalities helped found the town, under colonizer Brigham Young, Icelanders kept their identity and celebrate it with their culture every year during the three-day event.

Harvest Moon Hurrah

The Harvest Moon Hurrah is sponsored by the Spanish Fork Arts Council and takes place on a Saturday in September closest to the date of the full moon. Activities include children's crafts and activities, a giant paint-it-yourself mural, storyteller, old-fashioned family photos, caricature artist, clown and balloon animals, hay rides with live bluegrass band, and live entertainment. The 2009 Hurrah was headlined by Peter Breinholt, a local musician.[23]

Fiesta Days

Each year Spanish Fork hosts the "Fiesta Days". The event is held every July, and is centered around the Pioneer Day Celebration. There are a number of entertainment events, including a rodeo, craft fair, parade, duck race, and a fireworks show on the 24th.

Festival of Colors

The Sri Sri Radha Krishna Temple (erected by Christopher Warden, an International Society for Krishna Consciousness follower[24]) celebrates Holi and is known for the Festival of Colors where thousands of people gather from all over the country.[25]

Government

Spanish Fork has a council-manager form of government. Seth Perrins is the current city manager, and Tyler Jacobson is the assistant city manager.[26]

The current mayor, Mike Mendenhall was elected in the November 10, 2021 general election.[27] The members of the city council are: Chad Argyle, Stacy Beck, Brandon Gordon and Shane Marshall.[28][29]

Education

Main article: Nebo School District

In 1862, Spanish Fork built its first school house. That one room edifice served the city's educational needs for nearly 50 years. In 1910, Spanish Fork built the Thurber School on Main Street. Although it's not used for daily K-12 classes anymore, it still functions as a city office building.[30] Today, Spanish Fork is served by the Nebo School District. Public schools in this district within Spanish Fork include the following:

In addition, there is a private girls school, the New Haven School, and a K-12 charter school, the American Leadership Academy.

Infrastructure

Alternative energy

In September 2008, the Spanish Fork Wind Project was completed.[31] This project, a 9-turbine wind energy project, can produce up to 18.9 megawatts at full production, and the nine turbines can power up to 6,000 typical homes.[32][33] It is a utility-scale wind farm producing electricity from wind power.[34][35]

Notable people

See also

References

  1. ^ a b c d U.S. Geological Survey Geographic Names Information System: Spanish Fork, Utah
  2. ^ "2019 U.S. Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on July 13, 2022. Retrieved August 7, 2020.
  3. ^ Herald, TIM VANDENACK Special to the Daily. "Lehi, Eagle Mountain, Saratoga Springs and Vineyard motor Utah County's growth". Daily Herald. Archived from the original on August 18, 2021. Retrieved August 18, 2021.
  4. ^ "Spanish Fork, Utah Population 2021 (Demographics, Maps, Graphs)". Archived from the original on June 18, 2021.
  5. ^ DeLorme (2014). Utah Atlas & Gazetteer, 9th edition. DeLorme. p. 25. ISBN 9780899332550.
  6. ^ "Distance between Salem, UT and Spanish Fork, UT".
  7. ^ Vélez de Escalante, Silvestre (1995). The Domínguez-Escalante journal : their expedition through Colorado, Utah, Arizona, and New Mexico in 1776. Ted J. Warner. Salt Lake City: University of Utah Press. ISBN 0-585-19728-8. OCLC 44963604.
  8. ^ a b c d e f Jenson, Andrew (1941). Encyclopedic History of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints. Salt Lake City, Utah: Deseret Book.
  9. ^ Jackson, Thorstina (1925). "Icelandic Communities in America: Cultural Backgrounds and Early Settlements". The Journal of Social Forces. 3 (4): 681. doi:10.2307/3005071. JSTOR 3005071. S2CID 147332269. Retrieved August 9, 2022.
  10. ^ "NOWData – NOAA Online Weather Data". National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration. Retrieved November 25, 2022.
  11. ^ "Summary of Monthly Normals 1991–2020". National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration. Retrieved November 25, 2022.
  12. ^ "Census of Population and Housing". Census.gov. Retrieved June 4, 2015.
  13. ^ "Profile of General Population and Housing Characteristics: 2010 Demographic Profile Data (DP-1): Spanish Fork city, Utah". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved March 8, 2012.
  14. ^ "Spanish Fork (Spanish Fork City), Utah — Overview". United States Census Bureau, Moonshadow Mobile CensusViewer. Archived from the original on December 1, 2018. Retrieved November 30, 2018.
  15. ^ "Spanish Fork City Economic Development". Spanish Fork, Utah. n.d. Archived from the original on December 1, 2016.
  16. ^ "The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints Church Temples". Church of Jesus Christ Temples. n.d.
  17. ^ "Nebo School District". Nebo.edu. Retrieved March 20, 2022.
  18. ^ a b Powell, Allan Kent (1994). Utah History Encyclopedia. Salt Lake City, Utah: University of Utah Press. ISBN 9780874804256.
  19. ^ "Faith Baptist Church". USAChurch.org. n.d.
  20. ^ Tony Blair. "Home - ISKCON - The Hare Krishna Movement". ISKCON. Retrieved March 20, 2022.
  21. ^ "Spanish Fork, Utah - City Information, Fast Facts, Schools, Colleges, and More".
  22. ^ "Angelus Theatre | BYU Library - Special Collections".
  23. ^ "Harvest Moon Hurrah". Spanish Fork, Utah. n.d. Archived from the original on January 16, 2013.
  24. ^ Young, Chad (1994). "Utah Krishna Pioneers".
  25. ^ "Holi - Festival of Colors". Utah Krishnas. n.d.
  26. ^ "City Manager's Office". Spanish Fork, Utah. n.d. Archived from the original on May 20, 2017.
  27. ^ "Spanish Fork 2013 General Election Results". Spanish Fork, Utah. 2013. Archived from the original on November 6, 2015.
  28. ^ "Spanish Fork Mayor and City Council". Spanish Fork, Utah. n.d. Archived from the original on November 23, 2016.
  29. ^ "General Election Results". Spanish Fork, Utah. 2015. Archived from the original on November 6, 2015.
  30. ^ "About the City". Spanish Fork City. Archived from the original on March 20, 2015. Retrieved May 18, 2012.
  31. ^ "Spanish Fork Wind Project". Wasatch Wind. 2008. Archived from the original on July 2, 2008.
  32. ^ Rich, Matthew (October 6, 2008). "Spanish Fork wind farm brings alternative energy". BYU NewsNet. Archived from the original on November 23, 2008. Retrieved April 8, 2009.
  33. ^ Dana, Jens (September 6, 2008). "Spanish Fork wind-farm project celebrated with kite event". Deseret News. Archived from the original on September 8, 2008.
  34. ^ Hartman, Cathy L.; Reategui, Sandra (May 13, 2011). "Harvesting Utah's urban winds". Resilience.
  35. ^ Boal, Jed (September 5, 2008). "Spanish Fork will celebrate wind power". KSL.com.