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Spanish Peruvian
Hispano Peruano
Total population
12,000,000, including mix with other ancestries 18,800,000 (62.6% of population)
Regions with significant populations
Nearly all over the coastal areas and amongst other places.
Languages
Peruvian Spanish, Andalusian
Religion
Predominantly Roman Catholicism
Related ethnic groups
Spaniards

A Spanish Peruvian is a Peruvian citizen of Spanish descent. Among European Peruvians, the Spanish are the largest group of immigrants to settle in the country.

Origins and passage

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The regions from which most Spanish immigrants originated were Extremadura, Castilla y León, País Vasco, Andalucía, Galicia and Cataluña. Most of the colonial immigrants, in consequence, went from the southern regions of Spain to what now is considered the coastal Peruvian region.[clarification needed] These immigrants generally departed from the ports of Cadiz and Sevilla and arrived in the ports of Callao, Mollendo and Pimentel. Many of these immigrants made a stopover in a Caribbean port before arriving in Peru. Before the development of the Panama Canal ships were forced to go around Cape Horn to reach Peruvian ports. Although not many, a few travelers made their way from Europe to Peru via the Amazon River. These immigrants would seek passage on the many commercial ships going to retrieve rubber in Peru to bring back to Europe. These immigrants would arrive at the river port of Iquitos. Almost all of them stayed there. These immigrants numbered no more than a few thousand.

There are also a group of Hebrew origin (Sephardim), although most emigrated in the Colonial era. The Sephardim who emigrated to different countries to late nineteenth and twentieth centuries were mainly from North Africa, Anatolia and the Balkans, and not necessarily from Spain or Portugal.[1] As a result of Alhambra Decree and the conversions due to the Inquisition in Spain, Portugal and its respective colonies since the late fifteenth century until early nineteenth, mostly emigrated to North Africa, regions of the Ottoman Empire and to a lesser extent Italy, although also to the Netherlands, England and its colonies. However, many also migrated to the Spanish or Portuguese colonies in the Americas in Colonial times, most of them marranos.[2] Their descendants are mixed people with local population and profess Christianity, especially Catholicism.

Spanish Peruvian institutions and associations

Notable Spanish Peruvians

See also

References

  1. ^ / Los sefardíes en el Perú: Asquenazíes y sefardíes en el Perú del siglo xx
  2. ^ / Los sefardíes en el Perú: La gesta del Marrano
  3. ^ "::: Fondo de Cooperación Hispano Peruano - Portal de la Agencia Española de Cooperación Internacional :::". www.aeci.org.pe. Retrieved 10 August 2022.