Taxes in Poland are levied by both the central and local governments. Tax revenue in Poland is 33.9% of the country's GDP in 2017.[1] The most important revenue sources include the income tax, Social Security, corporate tax and the value added tax, which are all applied on the national level.

Income earned is generally subject to a progressive income tax, which applies to all who are in the workforce. For the year 2014, two different tax rates on income apply[2]

Value added tax (VAT)

In 1993, Poland implemented its Value Added Tax system.[3] Polish VAT is overseen by VAT acts and the Fiscal Penal Code, and is enforced by the Ministry of Finance.[4]

Value-Added Tax applies to most trade in goods in Poland. 23% is the basic rate.[5] Lower rates of 8% and 5% also apply for foodstuffs.[5] Furthermore, some services are taxed at 0% tax rate or exempted from value-added tax (eg. financial and postal services).[4]

Income tax scale before 2017

Annual income Tax rate
3091-85,528 PLN 18% of the income - 556,02 PLN
over 85,528 PLN 14,839.02 PLN + 32% of the surplus over 85,528 PLN

Income tax scale in 2017

In 2017, tax rates were changed. [1] Now, the tax is calculated using two tables. The first table does determine the amount of tax.

Annual income Income tax
0 PLN - 85,528 PLN 18% of income minus tax-reducing amount
over 85,528 PLN 15,395.04 PLN + 32% of the surplus over 85,528 PLN minus tax-reducing amount

The second table is used to determine the tax-reducing amount from the tax.

Annual income Tax-reducing amount(amount to subtract from the tax)
0 PLN - 6,600 PLN 1,188 PLN
6,600 PLN - 11,000 PLN PLN
11,000 PLN - 85,528 PLN 556.02 PLN
85,528 PLN - 127,000 PLN PLN
over 127,000 PLN 0 PLN

Income tax scale in 2018

In 2018, the tax scale was again changed. Income tax was calculated as follows:

Annual income Income tax
0 PLN - 85,528 PLN 18% of income minus tax-reducing amount
over 85,528 PLN 15,395.04 PLN + 32% of the surplus over 85,528 PLN minus tax-reducing amount

The second table is used to determine the tax-reducing amount from the tax.

Annual income Tax-reducing amount (amount to subtract from the tax)
0 PLN - 8,000 PLN 1,440 PLN
8,000 PLN - 13,000 PLN PLN
13,000 PLN - 85,528 PLN 556.02 PLN
85,528 PLN - 127,000 PLN PLN
over 127,000 PLN 0 PLN

Income tax scale in 2019

In 2019, the tax scale was again changed. Income tax in 2019 is calculated as follows:[1]

Annual income Income tax
0 PLN - 85,528 PLN 17.75% of income minus tax-reducing amount
over 85,528 PLN 15,181.22 PLN + 32% of the surplus over 85,528 PLN minus tax-reducing amount

The second table is used to determine the tax-reducing amount from the tax.

Annual income Tax-reducing amount (amount to subtract from the tax)
0 PLN - 8,000 PLN 1,420 PLN
8,000 PLN - 13,000 PLN PLN
13,000 PLN - 85,528 PLN 548.30 PLN
85,528 PLN - 127,000 PLN PLN
over 127,000 PLN 0 PLN

Income tax scale in 2020

In 2020, the tax scale was changed again. Income tax in 2020 is calculated as follows:[1]

Annual income Income tax
0 PLN - 85,528 PLN 17% of income minus tax-reducing amount
over 85,528 PLN 14,539.76 PLN + 32% of the surplus over 85,528 PLN

The second table is used to determine the tax-reducing amount from the tax in 2020.

Annual income Tax-reducing amount (amount to subtract from the tax)
0 PLN - 8,000 PLN 1,360 PLN
8,000 PLN - 13,000 PLN PLN
13,000 PLN - 85,528 PLN 525.12 PLN
85,528 PLN - 127,000 PLN PLN
over 127,000 PLN 0 PLN

Income tax scale in 2022

in 2022, there were significant changes in the tax-free amount and in taxes.


The tax-free amount has been increased to 30,000 PLN year (6,600 Euro per year), for every income and is deducted from salary every month

Annual Income Income Tax
0 PLN - 120,000 PLN 17% minus tax reducing amount (5100 PLN, 425 PLN every month)
over 120,000 PLN 5,100 PLN + 32% of the surplus over 120,000 PLN

There is also a non-deducted health care rate for each income of 9% and a reduction for the flat tax (for the self-employed) of 4.9%. This makes everyone pay the fee even if their income is in the free amount.[6]

Social security contributions in 2014

Furthermore, a range of social security contributions apply to all in the workforce, and are shared by the employee and the employer. These insurance contributions are paid by both private and public employees until a given ceiling. For the year 2014, the rates in the following table apply[7]

Insurance policy Total Employee % Employer %
Pension Fund 19.52% 9.76% 9.76%
Disability Fund 8.00% 1.5% 6.5%
Bridging Pension Fund - - 0-1.5%
Illness Fund 2.45% 2.45% -
Accident Fund 0.67%-3.86% - 0.67%-3.86%
Employees Benefits Fund 0.10% - 0.10%
Labor Fund 2.45% - 2.45%
Total (up to limit) 19.48%-24.17% 13.71% 19.48%-24.17%
Total (past limit) 5.67%–8.86% 2.45% 3.22%–6.41%

Overall worker tax rate and mandatory insurance amount to 53%.

Social security contributions in 2020

The cap of salaries in 2020, for which rates below apply, is PLN 156,810.[8]

Insurance policy Total Employee % (of total gross salary) Employer % (of total gross salary)
Pensions and disability insurance 27.52% 11.26% 16.26%
Sickness insurance 2.45% 2.45% -
Accident insurance 0.67%-3.33% - 1.67%(up to 9 employees), 0.67%-3.33% (more than 9 employees - rate depends on the business sector
Labour Fund 2.45% - 2.45%
Employee Guaranteed Benefits Fund 0.10% - 0.10%

See also

References

  1. ^ a b c "OECD- Taxation Poland" (PDF). OECD.
  2. ^ "KPMG - Income Tax".
  3. ^ "Poland VAT Guide - Avalara". www.avalara.com. Retrieved 2020-04-25.
  4. ^ a b "VAT in Poland". www.tmf-group.com. Retrieved 2020-04-25.
  5. ^ a b "KPMG - Poland: VAT essentials".
  6. ^ "Sprawiedliwy system podatkowy - Polski Ład". www.podatki.gov.pl (in Polish). Retrieved 2022-01-11.
  7. ^ "KPMG - Poland Taxes".
  8. ^ "Poland - Individual - Other taxes". taxsummaries.pwc.com. Retrieved 2020-04-25.