Texas Tower 2
Air Defense Command.png
Part of Air Defense Command (ADC)
Texas Tower 2.jpg
Image of Texas Tower 2
Location
Coordinates41°45′0.00″N 67°46′0.00″W / 41.7500000°N 67.7666667°W / 41.7500000; -67.7666667Coordinates: 41°45′0.00″N 67°46′0.00″W / 41.7500000°N 67.7666667°W / 41.7500000; -67.7666667
TypeLong Range Radar Site
Site information
Open to
the public
No
Site history
Built by United States Air Force
In use1958-1963
Demolished1963
762d Radar Squadron
4604th Support Squadron
Texas Tower 2 emblem
Texas Tower 2 emblem

Texas Tower 2 (ADC ID: TT-2) was a former United States Air Force Texas Tower General Surveillance Radar station, first operational in 1955. It was located 110 miles (180 km) east of Cape Cod, Massachusetts, in 56 feet (17 m). The tower was closed in 1963 and dismantled.[1][2]

Located on Georges Bank, Texas Tower 2 was one in a series of manned radar stations that were so named because they resembled the oil-drilling platforms of the Gulf of Mexico. Air Defense Command (ADC) estimated that the Texas Towers would help extend contiguous East Coast radar coverage some 300 to 500 miles (480 to 800 km) seaward. In terms of Soviet military capabilities, this would provide the United States with an extra 30 minutes of warning time in the event of an incoming bomber attack.

History

Texas Tower 2 began construction in 1955 at Fore River Shipyard in Quincy, Massachusetts. In June 1955, it was successfully floated and towed to its site east of Cape Cod. Beginning in December 1955 enough of the structure was complete that one AN/FPS-3 search radar and two AN/FPS-6 height finder radars developed by Air Force Rome Air Development Center [RADC] New York, were installed.

Personnel from the 762d Aircraft Control and Warning Squadron, stationed at North Truro Air Force Station, MA performed the operational use of the tower. It was manned by a crew of 6 officers and 48 airmen. The 4604th Support Squadron (Texas Towers) at Otis AFB (now Otis Air National Guard Base) provided logistical support. Life aboard Texas Tower 2 was difficult. Both the structure and its crew suffered from the near-constant vibration caused by rotating radar antennas and diesel generators. The surrounding ocean and tower footings also transmitted distant sounds along the steel legs, amplifying them throughout the entire structure.

With the advent of Soviet ICBMs and the bomber threat was reduced in importance, the tower was decommissioned in 1963 and demolished shortly thereafter.

During the demolition, the remains of the tower sank to the sea floor. It remains there and has become a site for scuba diving.

Units and assignments

Units:

Assignments:

See also

References

Public Domain This article incorporates public domain material from the Air Force Historical Research Agency website https://www.afhra.af.mil/.

  1. ^ "The Texas Towers". Archived from the original on 2011-07-25. Retrieved 2009-06-20.
  2. ^ Texas Tower 2 at FortWiki.com