|The Amazing Race|
|Created by||Elise Doganieri|
Bertram van Munster
|Original work||The Amazing Race (United States)|
|Films and television|
|Television series||The Amazing Race (see international versions)|
|First aired||September 5, 2001|
|Distributor||CBS Media Ventures (U.S.)|
Disney Media Distribution (International)
The Amazing Race is an adventure reality game show franchise in which teams of two people race around the world in competition with other teams. The Race is split into legs, with teams tasked to deduce clues, navigate themselves in foreign areas, interact with locals, and perform physical and mental challenges that often highlight aspects of a location's culture, history, or economy. Over the course of the Race, teams travel by airplanes, helicopters, trucks, bicycles, taxicabs, cars, trains, buses, boats and by foot. Teams are progressively eliminated at the end of most legs for being the last to arrive at designated Pit Stops, until only three remain. The first team to arrive at the finish line is awarded the grand prize.
Created by Elise Doganieri and Bertram van Munster, the original series has aired in the United States since 2001 and has earned thirteen Primetime Emmy Awards, ten of which being for the award for "Outstanding Reality-Competition Program". Emmy-award-winning New Zealand television personality Phil Keoghan has been the host of the U.S. version of the show since its inception. The show has branched out to include a number of international versions following a similar format.
Each race depicted in The Amazing Race is broken up into a number of legs — 11 to 13 in the original American version. In each leg, teams leave the pit stop of the previous leg and travel to a different location, where they perform two or more tasks — often including one Detour and one Roadblock — before being given instructions to go to the next pit stop. It is every team's goal to complete each leg as quickly as possible, as the first team to check in at the pit stop will often win a prize; the prizes have included all-expenses-paid trips, new cars or other vehicles, money, entertainment provided during the pit stop, and advantages to be used later in the race (see Express Pass, Salvage Pass, and Double Your Money). The last team to arrive at the pit stop will often be eliminated from the competition, but occasionally the team is allowed to continue racing, though they will be given a race-imposed disadvantage in the next leg (see Non-elimination leg). When teams are otherwise not performing tasks or traveling during a leg, they are free to use their time as they see fit, although they will often resort to eating cheaply or sleeping outside a location to save their Race money.
Typically, each cycle of the Race features eleven teams, each composed of two people with a preexisting relationship. Examples include dating, married, and divorced couples; siblings; parents and their children; lifelong friends; sports team colleagues; and co-workers. Original Race rules required that teammates have had a preexisting relationship of more than three years, and no previous acquaintances with other racers during that cycle. Individual racers must be of a specific nationality and meet specific age requirements; this is necessary to allow teams to obtain the necessary passport documentation to travel across the world without incident.
The team format has varied in some seasons. Four seasons featured 12 teams of two rather than the standard 11, while the "Family Edition" featured ten teams of four players, some of whom were young children. Seasons 26 and 29 included teams made up of people who met for the first time just prior to the start of the race. Some formats featured as few as eight (as seen in the Chinese celebrity series) or as many as 14 (fourth and fifth seasons of the Israeli version) or 16 (fifth Australian season) teams.
Normally unseen, a two-person audio and video production crew accompanies every team, recording them as they race. Generally, teams may not travel without their production crew, who are switched among teams after each leg to avoid biases from developing.
At the beginning of each leg of the race, each team receives a cash allowance with their first clue, from which they must cover all expenses (food, transportation, lodging, attraction admission, and supplies) except for airfare, which is covered by a production-provided credit card (in the eighth season, this card could also be used to purchase gasoline). Allowance money is usually given in the same currency as the show's nation regardless of location; U.S. versions of the Race usually provide racers with U.S. dollars, (although in one exception, teams were given Vietnamese đồng at the start of a leg in Vietnam). The amount of money varies from leg to leg, and has ranged from hundreds of dollars to nothing. The teams are allowed to keep any unused money for future legs, barring certain penalties for finishing last.
If team members spend all of their money or have it taken away in a non-elimination leg, they may then attempt to obtain more money in any way that does not violate local laws; this includes borrowing money from other teams, begging from locals, or selling their possessions. Since Season Seven, teams have been prevented from begging at United States airports, and teams may not use their personal possessions to barter payment for services.
Teams have reported on the existence of an emergency fund of approximately $200 that is carried by their crew and can only be used in extreme circumstances, but generally not as a means to pay for any activity related to the race. However, neither the exact amount nor the specific circumstances when it can be used have been confirmed.
Route markers are uniquely-colored flags that mark the places where teams must go. Most route markers are attached to the boxes that contain clue envelopes, but some may mark the places where the teams must go in order to complete tasks, or may be used to line courses that the teams must follow.
The route markers used in Season One were colored yellow and white. They were changed to yellow and red for Season Two, and this has remained the standard color scheme since. Occasionally, different color schemes are adopted for certain legs, seasons, or versions of the race.[a][b][c][d][e]
When teams start a leg, arrive at route markers, or complete tasks, they normally receive a letter-sized tear-away envelope that contains their next clue inside a vertical-fold folder. The clues themselves are typically printed on a vertical strip of paper, although additional information is often provided inside the clue folder. After retrieving the clue, teams open the envelope and must read aloud the instructions given on the clue sheet, then follow those instructions. Teams are generally required to collect every clue during each leg and keep that information with them until they reach the next pit stop, surrendering them once they have checked in. Teams may not take an additional clue from the clue box should they lose their first one; teams who do so are assessed a penalty. Teams are not directly penalized for misplacing their clue but will lose time either searching for it or trying to learn from other teams of where to go next.[f]
At route markers, clue envelopes are placed inside a box mounted to the marker. In early seasons, the box contained exactly the number of clues for teams on that leg, allowing teams to indirectly determine their current placement in the leg by counting envelopes. In more recent seasons, extra envelopes are left in clue boxes to prevent this from occurring.
In some cases, clues – most often of the Route Information type – have been provided by more unorthodox means, such as in an advertisement in a local newspaper or on some item related to the task just performed. A common unorthodox means in the U.S. version is to place the clue at the bottom of the Roaming Gnome, the mascot of Travelocity, the sponsor of the U.S. version.
Route Information clues usually instruct the teams where to go next. Such a clue often provides only the name of the team's next destination; it is up to the teams to figure out how to get there. The destination may be given in a cryptic manner, such as a flag representing the country whose capital they are to fly to, or an obfuscation such as the "westernmost point in mainland Europe". In these cases, teams may use any resources, such as the help of locals or borrowing an Internet-connected device, to deduce the required destination.
Route Information clues will sometimes specify one or more modes of transportation that teams must take. This may include prearranged travel or for charter flights, buses, or boats to more remote locations. Teams may also be provided with a rented vehicle and will be required to navigate themselves with it until further notice. Route Information clues may also restrict teams to specific modes of transport, such as requiring them to walk to their next destination. Teams who fail to follow travel instructions will usually be required to go back and follow them correctly if possible, or else they will receive a penalty at the next pit stop (See "Penalties and time credits", below). If no mode of transport is specified, teams are free to use any option available excluding private vehicles.
A Detour presents the team with a decision between two tasks. The two tasks are named, often based on rhymes or puns such as "Plow" / "Fowl" to differentiate between a task involving plowing against a task involving corralling ducks. Teams are given several details about both tasks, but may need to travel a short distance by foot or car to the different task locations. The two tasks generally involve different skills, often pairing physically-demanding or fear-challenging tasks alongside tasks that rely on intelligence or craftsmanship. The decision about which task to attempt lies solely with the team, though due to logistical constraints some Detour options may impose additional limits, such as how many teams may attempt one of the tasks at one time, or the hours when a task may be available. A team may choose to switch tasks as many times as they wish with no penalty other than the time lost in attempting the tasks and traveling between task locations. Unless otherwise instructed, teams can work together to finish a Detour option. Once a team has completed one of the tasks, they are given the clue to their next location. A team that is unable to complete either Detour option will incur a six-hour penalty (24 hours in earlier seasons).
Occasionally there may be a twist to the Detour format. Season 25 introduced a "Blind Detour" where competitors were only given the name and locations of the tasks (in some Blind Detours, the tasks will only be referred as “This” or “That”, further reducing the information available). Season 26 featured a "Roulette Detour", where the Detour choice was determined by a spin of a roulette wheel, with Red leading to one task and Black leading to the other. The seventh Canadian season introduced a "One Way" twist that forces a team to perform a specified Detour task.
A Roadblock is a task that only one team member may perform. A Roadblock clue is given as a cryptic question, such as "Who's really hungry?" (leading to task involving exotic food) or "Who wants to get down and dirty?" (for a task related to laundry). Based on this information and observation of any other racers at the task, the team must declare which member will complete the task before reading the full task description. Once a team announces its decision of who will complete the Roadblock, it cannot be changed or taken back.[g] The Roadblock task is performed by only the selected racer while his or her partner waits in a designated area, although the partner is sometimes able to supply words of encouragement and advice. Unless directed by the task instructions, the selected racer may gain help from other racers that have been selected to do the Roadblock or from locals. Some Roadblocks may involve the non-selected racer, such as leading a camel his or her partner rides, or helping his or her partner solve a puzzle. On completing the Roadblock, the selected racer receives their next clue, at which point they may return to their partner and continue on. Should a racer be unable to complete a Roadblock, or opts to quit, the team must take a four-hour penalty, which either starts when the next team arrives at the Roadblock, or if all teams are present, when they reach the Pit Stop for that leg. In Season 15, however, the 4 hour penalty was served at the Roadblock location and ended before they could continue racing. Some legs feature two Roadblocks, each of which must be completed by different teammates.[h]
Through the first five seasons, there was no limit on the number of Roadblocks that a single team member could perform throughout the race. In practice, this often led to one team member performing the majority of Roadblocks during the race Since Season Six, teams have been limited in the number of Roadblocks each teammate may do over the course of a race, effectively making both racers complete about an equal number of Roadblocks.
A Fast Forward is an optional task that, once completed, allows the team that completes it to bypass all remaining tasks in the leg and proceed directly to the pit stop. The Fast Forward clue is given with another task clue and is a separate task from the others. Only one team may complete a Fast Forward in any given leg, and a team generally may claim only one Fast Forward in the entire race, though Fast Forwards claimed in conjunction with the Intersection do not count towards this limit. Teams that win a Fast Forward pass are not guaranteed a first-place finish for that leg and still face elimination if they arrive at the pit stop last. Multiple teams may attempt Fast Forward tasks, but only the first team to complete the task may claim the pass; all other teams must return to the main course and complete the leg as normal.
Fast Forwards were initially offered on every leg of the Race, excluding the final leg. To reduce costs of production involved with unused Fast Forward tasks, the number of Fast Forwards available was reduced to two on each Race starting in Season Five, and then down to one in Season 14, or in Season 20, which three Fast Forwards were offered throughout the Race.
Season 18 and 19 were the seasons to not feature the Fast Forward for the first time, and not featured again since Season 30.
Besides clues, teams may encounter the following obstacles, which could affect their placements in a leg:
First introduced in Season 15, the Starting Line Task forces teams to complete a nearby challenge before receiving the clue to their first international destination. Often, the challenge merely determines which teams will receive the right to take the quickest flight; on several occasions, the last team to finish received a penalty to be served later in the race, or was immediately eliminated from the race altogether.
In The Amazing Race: Australia v New Zealand, the two nations' teams were pitted against each other in a game of tug of war, with the winning nation's teams given a ten-minute head start.
In the fourth and fifth seasons of the Israeli edition, the 14 teams were divided into two groups of seven on the first leg; each group began the Race at separate starting lines, and had separate tasks to complete before reaching the Pit Stop, where the last-place teams in each group were eliminated. The remaining teams were merged at the start of the second leg, at which point the race returned to its standard format.
The Yield, introduced in Season Five, allows any one team to force another team to stop racing for a predetermined amount of time. The Yield marker is placed just before a route marker, and teams are required to stop at it and declare their intentions to employ or decline the Yield. A team choosing to use a Yield must stick a photo of the yielded team on the Yield marker, as well as a smaller photo of themselves onto an attached section labeled "Courtesy of". When a team who has been yielded arrives at the marker, they must turn over an hourglass and wait for the sand to drain before they are allowed to continue on to the next route marker. Similar to the Fast Forward, a team may use its Yield power only once on the race, and only one team may be yielded at each marker, although a team may be yielded multiple times during the same race. If a team loses its "Courtesy of" photo, they also lose their Yield power. If a team yields a team that has already passed the marker, the Yield is nullified.
When the Yield was introduced, teams would not be warned of any upcoming Yields. Beginning in Season Six, teams were given warning in the preceding clue that a Yield marker was just ahead. Teams were given opportunities to yield on all but the final leg of Season Five; opportunities were reduced in subsequent seasons until the Yield was replaced by a similar obstacle: the U-Turn. While the Yield was not a presence in the U.S. Race for twenty seasons, they are still used within foreign editions, and later made a return to the U.S. version in Season 32.
Some variants and twists on the Yield include:
The U-Turn, introduced in season 12, allows a team to force another team to complete both Detour tasks in the leg. Similar to the Yield, a U-Turn marker board is placed on the route either immediately before or immediately after the Detour on certain legs and teams must pause at the marker to declare their intentions to employ or decline the U-Turn before continuing. The team choosing to U-Turn must stick a photo of the yielded team on the Yield marker, as well as a smaller photo of themselves onto an attached section labelled "Courtesy of". A team generally may exercise their U-Turn power once throughout the race, though in U.S. Season 29 and The Amazing Race Canada, teams were allowed to U-Turn twice. If a U-Turned team is in possession of an Express Pass, it may use it to skip one — but not both — of the Detour tasks. If a team U-Turns a team which has already passed the marker, the U-Turn is nullified. As seen in the third Israeli season, one leg had two Detours and a U-Turn and the team who were subjected to the U-Turn was required to complete both Detours applicable for the first U-Turn only.
Some variants and twists on the U-Turn include:
The One Way, introduced in the seventh Canadian season, allows a team to force another team to do a specific Detour task, in a similar manner to the U-Turn.
The Intersection, introduced in Season 10, requires each team to pair up with one other team; the two teams are to perform all tasks and make decisions together until further notice. Both teams must choose the same Detour option, and if a Fast Forward is offered, both teams may claim credit. During Roadblocks, each team must contribute a team member to do the task.
When a team arrives at the Intersection marker and no other team is already waiting, it must wait there until another team arrives. A team may opt not to partner with a particular team, though it must then wait for another team to arrive. Teams are free to choose their partner team if multiple teams are present. In the second and third China celebrity editions, teams voted for the team they wished to pair with.
The Head-to-Head forces teams to compete against each other one-on-one in a specific task. The winning team is given the next clue (or is allowed to check in at the nearby pit stop), while the losing team(s) must wait for the next team's arrival to start the task over. In one variation, the Head-to-Head appears in the middle of a leg, and the team that loses the last round will often receive a penalty — most often a predetermined time penalty — before receiving the next clue. In another variation, introduced in Season 30, the Head-to-Head was placed immediately before the pit stop, with winning teams allowed to check in and the last team remaining declared to be in last place. This was first introduced in second Latin American version as the "Intersection" (not to be confused with the collaborative obstacle outlined above), and it has appeared in other versions under different names, including "Double Battle" (Israeli version), "Face Off" (Canadian and Chinese celebrity versions) and "Duel" (Philippine version).
Occasionally, teams will be forced to team up to compete against other paired up teams - this can either be for a single challenge or an entire leg. The "T-Junction" name comes from the twist that was intended to be introduced on the fifth Australian season, but earlier seasons featured similar twists.
The first instance of this was The Amazing Race Australia vs New Zealand, where teams occasionally competed in "Nation vs Nation" challenges - teaming up with teams from their country in a challenge against teams from the other country.
Another variation of the twist was used on the second Chinese celebrity version. Titled "Intersection with Integration Versus" forced the four remaining teams to pair up as in the Intersection. Within each pair, the two teams would face off in a best-of-five series of challenges over the course of the leg; the two teams who finished best in each pair are declared tied for first place in the leg; the two losing teams face off in a final challenge, with the losing team declared the last-place team.
The fifth Australian season intended to feature the T-Junction had teams to join up to form two super-teams and perform all tasks in one leg as a group. The first team to reach the T-Junction would determine who would be in which super-team. The second super-team to check into the Pit Stop would then have to decide which pair from their super-team to eliminate from the race.
The Hazard, only seen in Season 19 to date, is a penalty task that must be performed by the team who came in last at the starting line task, similar to the Speed Bump.
A Switchback is a challenge in which teams encounter a task from a previous season that was markedly difficult or memorable. The Switchback is associated with the same country or city as the original task, and often done at the same specific location. For example, the first Switchback in Season 15 recreated a hay-rolling Roadblock from Season Six's visit to Sweden; and a Switchback in Season 27 forced teams to free fall 200 feet (61 m) into the Batoka Gorge and swing above the Zambezi River, as was done in the first leg of The Amazing Race 1. Other than making note of the noteworthiness of the challenge, the Switchback did not affect the game mechanics of the race.
Some versions of the show may introduce new racers part-way into the race. The first instance of such a twist was the "Invasion" twist on the second Chinese celebrity version, where intruder teams had the opportunity to enter the competition mid-season should they to finish a leg with a pre-determined high placement. Should the invasion be successful, they would be allowed to continue in the race and the last placing original team of the original teams would be eliminated. If the invasion was not the new team would be eliminated regardless of the placement and the remaining teams would all continue onto the next leg. This twist was not used in later seasons of the Chinese celebrity edition, except for a team arriving on the second leg of the fourth Chinese celebrity season due to prior commitments (the first leg was a non-elimination round to account for this late arrival) - additionally the late arrivals did not have to achieve a particular placement.
The fifth Australian season also featured new racers mid-race, calling them "Stowaway Teams". The "Stowaway Team" did not have to achieve a particular placement in their debut leg, they simply arrived and were treated like normal racers (with a last-place check-in eliminating the team).
Introduced on the thirtieth American season, the partner swap requires teams to swap partners for the remainder of a leg, then reuniting at the pit stop.
Some seasons have included one or more double-length legs (or called "Mega leg" in season 32), where teams complete two sets of tasks (usually a second Roadblock and second Detour challenge, as well as other Route Info challenges) before arriving at the next pit stop, and airs as two episodes on the show. Usually, teams will be lead to the show's host with a clue that implies that a Pit Stop is ahead, but are surprised as they are not checked in at a pit stop but instead are given a clue to continue racing.
Double-length legs were born out of necessity during season six. The sixth leg in Hungary was initially planned as two legs, with the first leg being a non-elimination leg; however, producers later discovered during the race that begging is illegal in Hungary, which would have made it nearly impossible for the last place team to acquire the money needed to continue in the race (per the non-elimination penalty used at the time, would have stripped them of their travel money and start the following leg with no money). The producers quickly devised the extended leg to mimic the effects of a non-elimination leg (by keeping the same number of teams in the race and allow for the same number of episodes to still be produced), and using a simple video message clue to provide teams the goal for the first task of the second half of the leg.
A variant of this introduced in Season 18 is the no-rest leg, in which teams are checked in at a pit stop as normal, after which they are told that the next leg is to begin immediately and are handed their next clue. Typically all teams are able to continue racing onto the next leg at a no-rest Pit Stop. Usually, in both cases, teams who arrived first at a midpoint or Pit Stop first are not awarded a prize, nor facing elimination or a non-elimination penalty if they came last, with the exception of a few cases whereas a team is eliminated during this point of the leg (see Unusual eliminations below).
Introduced in the 32nd American season, teams complete a series of tasks while racing in the city before returning back to the starting point, doubling as the leg's Pit Stop. All the tasks involved in the sprint do not contain any Detours or Roadblocks.
The Pit Stop is the final destination in each leg. Once teams have arrived there and checked in, they are given lodging (which can range from simple accommodations such as tents or cots to complete hotel service) and food free of charge as they wait for the next leg to begin. Teams will also give interviews with the production team to describe their activities from the last leg; this is interspersed during episode footage of that leg on the subsequent broadcast. Teams are generally sequestered to the lodgings but may otherwise use their time freely. In early seasons, teams were allowed to socialize with each other at Pit Stops, but between Season 14 and Season 25, teams were sequestered from each other, and often would not learn of the previous elimination until they saw other teams on the next leg. Following Season 25, teams have occasionally been allowed to mingle with other teams during Pit Stops.
The Pit Start is the first destination where teams start each leg. Originally, teams would start the leg exactly 12 hours after the moment they reached the previous leg's Pit Stop mat — before accounting for any time credits or penalties accrued in the previous leg. These breaks could be extended by 24-hour increments as needed as to appear 12 hours long during the broadcast.[i] In more recent seasons, time lengths have varied to avoid teams loitering in airports or other areas. Teams are responsible for being ready to leave at the correct time, and no time credit is given should they miss their departure time.
In each race, a number of legs are predetermined "non-elimination legs", where the last team to check in is not eliminated. Up through Season Four, there was no penalty for finishing last on a non-elimination leg. The French edition also lacked penalties for non-elimination legs, as did some Non-Elimination Legs on fifth Australian season. Beginning with Season Five, teams who finish in last place in a non-elimination leg are subjected to a penalty in the following leg, usually one of the following:
Other international versions of the Race had different non-elimination penalties that issued to the last-placed teams:
There have been many eliminations which have been unusual which may involve a team being eliminated outside a Pit Stop or more than one team being eliminated.
The winners of most legs of the race typically receive a prize (usually from the show's sponsors as a form of Product placement) for the team to enjoy after the race. However, occasionally, the first arriving team will win an advantage to assist them in the race. These gameplay prizes can also be awarded for completing additionally optional tasks.
The Express Pass, introduced in Season 17, allows the team who possesses it to skip one task of the team's choosing. It is usually awarded as a prize to the first-place team in earlier legs, though occasionally it is awarded through other mechanics, such as being given to the first team to complete a task, by forcing a team to give a pass to another team of their choosing before a certain leg, or even by random. The choice of which task to skip is at the team's discretion, but the pass will expire if it is not used by a specific point. The twist of the Express Pass called Double Express Pass was introduced on Season 22 to 24, which the team that wins this reward must give the second Express Pass to other teams, with the remainder was kept by the winner as usual. The Express Pass was absent once on Season 25, due to introduction of The Save on the season, and absent again since Season 30.
The Salvage Pass, introduced in the second Australian season, is awarded to the winners of the first leg. The team who receives the pass may choose to give themselves a one-hour head start for the start of the next leg of the race or save the last team to arrive at the Pit Stop from elimination. The Salvage Pass was also used alongside the Express Pass in Philippine version; however, teams in the Philippine version have the option of using it to gain a 30-minute advantage at a task. The Express Pass featured in the sixth Vietnamese season gave teams the additional option to use their pass to save the last placing team (or second-last placing team on a double elimination leg) - much like Salvage Pass.
The First Class Pass, introduced in the fifth Australian season, is awarded to the winners of a non-elimination leg. The winners of the pass would be able to skip the next leg and would instead receive a luxury experience while the other teams were racing. Additionally, the First Class Pass holder will allocate "The Salvage" (an advantage to assist them on the next leg) and "The Sabotage" (a penality to disadvantage a team) between the Bottom Two teams (see non-elimination legs).
The Save, used in Season 25 and Season 26 (although the Season 26 were unaired), allows the team holding it to avoid elimination once should they finish last in an elimination leg, up until the ninth leg. The Save can also be given to another team to use if desired. Since The Save wasn't used on either season, The Save was absent since Season 27.
A twist also called the Save was introduced in the Chinese celebrity edition where the team who won it was required to bring another team back into the competition. In the third season, the Save was renamed to Return Ticket, and the team who won the ticket could bring back another team before the fourth leg. The sixth Israeli season also incorporated the Return Ticket by bringing back previously eliminated teams to compete a leg with the winner earning the Return Ticket and the ability to return to the competition.
The Double Your Money was a special prize awarded to the winners of the first leg in Season 21. The prize doubles the grand prize from US$1 million to US$2 million, should they win the entire race.
The final leg of the race is run by the three remaining teams. In earlier U.S. seasons, the leg was a non-elimination or double-length leg, with an intermediate destination in or near the home country (such as Hawaii, Alaska or Canada for the U.S. version) prior to traveling to the final city back in the home country. However, in more recent Races, final legs have been single legs, whereby teams are flown directly from the final foreign country to the final city in the home country. In some races, which first seen in the Brazilian version, the finish line was held outside the home country.
Teams still must complete all of the tasks in the final city before they are directed to the Finish Line mat (with a design of the series logo, though some versions used a Pit Stop mat, as seen in the Asian version) to claim the cash reward for the winning team as well as various prizes. In the original American version, the grand prize was a cash prize of US$1 million.[k] At the check-in mat, the host and in most cases the other eliminated teams[l] celebrate the arrival of the teams. Generally, all three teams are allowed to arrive, but in seasons one and four, the third-place team was so far behind and outside the final city that they were given a clue at their next Route Marker that informed them of the results.
A typical feature of the final leg is what is unofficially dubbed the "Final Memory Challenge" - a challenge (either "Route Info" or a "Roadblock"), an often elaborate challenge which tests the contestants on their time spent during the race, with common examples including memory-based tasks based on their observation skills (such as finding items related to the race which they encountered along, usually in sequential order) and knowing how well they understand their partner or the other teams, or any tasks relating to the theme of the journey they have taken (such as completing a puzzle of the world) or the final leg (such as counting poker chips amounting to US$1 million representing the grand prize). While the first instance of a memory challenge was in the third American season, it had become a larger trend beginning with ninth American season - with most subsequent seasons (both of the American edition and international versions) including at least one Memory Challenge, which typically appears as the second-to-last or last challenge before reaching the Finish line. In a few recent seasons, a minor version of a memory challenge may also appear in legs towards the end of the race, usually either in the second or third to last leg.
In the fourth and fifth Israeli seasons, while the Finish Line was still located outside the home country of Israel (which was usual in the series), teams who arrived at the Finish Line (an empty Pit Stop mat and the final clue box) was only told to return to Israel and travel to a specific location before being informed the final Race outcome. The French version was identical to the Israeli season, except that Finish Line was held at the home country of France. From the sixth Israeli season onwards, teams briefly return to Israel and complete one more set of tasks before arriving at the Finish Line.
In seasons 25 and 26, four teams raced the final leg, but at some point during the leg one of the four teams was eliminated from the race. This twist was also included on The Amazing Race Vietnam 2019 without the mid-leg elimination, effectively making the latter the first time in the franchise's history four teams crossed the Finish Line.
All teams must abide by the rules set at the beginning of the race, and teams are given time penalties for any rule infraction, which can negatively affect finishing position in that leg of the race. Usually in a non-elimination leg, if the last team to arrive at the mat is checked in before a previous team has completed its penalty, any remainder of the penalty time will be applied at the start of the next leg of the race, beginning at the departure time of the next-to-last team.[m]; in some cases, if multiple teams are penalized and were the last set of teams to arrive, the teams who did not finish last (as long as their penalties does not affect the placements) are allowed to check-in immediately with the penalty to be applied at the start of the next leg. In a no-rest leg, the last team will be given their next clue immediately while any remainder of the penalty will be removed.
While the complete set of official rules has not been released to the public, certain rules have been revealed during the various editions of the race:
The teams are often given additional rules and instructions that apply specifically to a given leg or to a task supplied with one of the clues; these are usually not explained to the viewer unless they affect the Race results.
If a team trying to check in at the Pit Stop has committed an infraction during the leg, the team generally must return to the point of infraction and perform the task or action correctly before being allowed to check in. If it is impossible to correct the action, the team is instead asked to wait at a nearby spot to serve a penalty period before being allowed to officially check-in. The penalty for most rule infractions is 30 minutes, plus any time gained from breaking the rule. Minor violations for various tasks would have a penalty of 15 minutes, while some violations have longer penalties: two hours for bartering personal goods for services, up to four hours for failing to complete a miscellaneous task, four hours for failing to complete a Roadblock or Speed Bump, six hours for failing to complete a Detour (or completing a Fast Forward incorrectly), or 24 hours for flying outside of economy class, if doing so cost more than the economy class fare. Earlier seasons of the Race enforced a 24-hour penalty for not completing either Detour option, but by season 17, the penalty was reduced to six hours. If teams incur multiple penalties, they are cumulative.
A penalized team does not generally have to wait out its full penalty time at the Pit Stop if the team is in last place and all other teams have already checked in; unless if the leg was a non-elimination or a no-rest, the team will be eliminated immediately; otherwise, either the remainder of the penalty will be applied to the team's start time on the next leg,[m] or in the event of a no-rest leg, any penalty would be nullified. Occasionally, infractions have come to the production team's attention only after the team has checked in; in these cases, the penalty will be applied to the start of the next leg (with viewers given notification if it affects the departure order). In U.S. Season 3, such a situation resulted in changing which team finished in last place; production brought the penalized team back to the Pit Stop, where the host explained to the teammates what had happened before their elimination.
Should a vehicle (including cars and boats) break down through no fault of the team using it, a replacement vehicle is provided for them, but "no time credit is given for their wait in this unlucky situation."
Teams may also receive time credits, applied to the next leg, that results from "production difficulties." These are only revealed to the viewer if they affect the placement at the start of the next leg.
In most versions, there is a four-hour penalty for not completing a Roadblock, which is served upon arrival at the Pit Stop. On the U.S. version, the penalty can be enforced in a number of ways:
The production of The Amazing Race is a challenge due to its premise being a race around the world. Among the difficult duties that producers face, scouting out locations, designing tasks, selecting teams, and planning logistics for the entire course are the most important to accomplish in pre-production. During the Race, the camera crews need to keep up with the movement of the teams and the host. And when the footage for the entire season has been recorded and edited, team members, production crew as well as the local staff who hosted or facilitated the tasks are obliged to keep the details of the race confidential and not leak out anything that hints at locations, events, or outcomes of the Race. An exception is the television network that airs the show in a country which hosted one of the legs where they can air teasers such as "Who among the teams will come here to (the network's home country name)?" However, in recent U.S. seasons, CBS had released a map to show the locations that the racers would be visiting.
The show is broadcast on CBS in the United States and simulcast via satellite in various networks around the world.
Through its efforts, the U.S. version has received many accolades, including Primetime Emmy Awards and nominations in categories for audio and video production and editing. In 2010, CBS announced that season 18 of the show would be broadcast in high definition.
The original version of The Amazing Race is the American version, which debuted on CBS on September 5, 2001, with Phil Keoghan as the host. In October 2005, CBS optioned The Amazing Race for franchising to other countries.
The Amazing Race Asia was the first Asian version of the show. The regional version was bought by Buena Vista International Television – Asia Pacific (BVITV–AP) and Sony Pictures Television International in October 2005. Auditions were then announced that took place in February to March 2006. The show first aired on November 9, 2006, on AXN Asia and was hosted by Allan Wu. The show aired for three more seasons, with the last season having ended in 2010. After a six-year hiatus, the series was announced to be returning for a 5th season to air in late 2016.
In Israel, on April 8, 2008, the Israeli television network Reshet announced their plans to produce their version of the show, HaMerotz LaMillion (lt. The Race to the Million). Its first season premiered on February 5, 2009, on Channel 2. The first four seasons of the show was a co-production by Reshet and activeTV, an Australian production company that had also produced the Asian version of the race. Since the fifth season, the show has been produced in-house by Reshet, and in 2017 Reshet launched their own channel that became the new home of the show starting with the sixth season.
In March 2010, a Chinese version of the show, The Amazing Race: China Rush, was announced by the Disney–ABC International Television Asia Pacific. The show was produced by Shanghai-based international production company Fly Films; the company had previously produced Shanghai Rush in 2009, a show heavily influenced by The Amazing Race. The first season was filmed between March and April 2010 and aired in August 2010 by International Channel of Shanghai and was hosted by Allan Wu, who had also previously hosted the Asian version. The Chinese version ran for three series, with the last season having ended in 2012. In 2014, Shenzhen Media Group announced they had bought the rights to The Amazing Race and would be producing a new Chinese version of the program, unrelated to Shanghai Media Group's China Rush.
Australia then followed suit with The Amazing Race Australia. On July 19, 2010, Seven Network purchased the format rights to produce the Australian series. The show was produced by activeTV in association with ABC Studios and was distributed by Disney Media Distribution Asia Pacific. The host for the first 3 seasons was New Zealand-born actor Grant Bowler. Two series were produced in 2011 and 2012 and after a brief hiatus in 2013, another season was produced in-house and without activeTV in 2014. This season also included teams from both Australia and New Zealand. Following a 5 years hiatus, the show was revived by Network 10 in 2019. This new season was produced by Eureka Productions and hosted by former rugby league footballer Beau Ryan. The first season of 10's iteration - and the fourth season overall - premiered on October 28, 2019.
On March 26, 2011, it was announced that TV5 had acquired the rights to produce a Philippine version of The Amazing Race. The first season of The Amazing Race Philippines aired on October 29, 2012, and ended on December 15, 2012. Derek Ramsay hosted the show. The show aired a second season in 2014.
Vietnam bought the format as The Amazing Race Vietnam – Cuộc đua kỳ thú. It was announced on March 1, 2012, by BHD Corp. and VTV3. Dustin Nguyen served as the director, executive producer and host of the first season of the show. The fourth season is currently being broadcast with Phan Anh as the new host. The second, third, and fifth seasons were broadcast with Huy Khánh as the host, with Phan Anh filling in during the fourth season. After a three-year hiatus, the show was revived with Song Luân as host.
During 2005, AXN Central Europe announced a version of the show to be called The Amazing Race Central Europe. Applications were closed with the submission of 2,500 applicants, with filming expected to have occurred in 2006 and broadcast from September 2006. The show was cast but was never filmed.
By October 2011, a Norwegian version of the show titled The Amazing Race Norge was announced by TV 2. Applications were open from October 11, 2011, to October 31, 2011. Filming took place in January 2012. ex-football player Freddy dos Santos is the host of The Amazing Race Norge. The first season premiered on April 11, 2012. The second and latest season ended on May 29, 2013.
On March 23, 2012, a French version of the show was announced. It was produced by Shine France for D8 with filming having occurred between June and July 2012. It premiered on October 22 of the same year.
Sometime in 2012, a Ukrainian version of the show was announced, called Velyki Perehony. It premiered on April 13, 2013, at 20:00.
In late 2006, a South-American independent production company announced that it would produce a Brazilian version in 2007, to be called The Amazing Race: A Corrida Milionária, and to be aired in a purchased time slot in the Brazilian network RedeTV!. Applications were open from January until July, and filming occurred during August and September. The first and only season premiered on October 13, 2007, and concluded on January 5, 2008.
On October 15, 2008, a Latin American version of the show was announced by Discovery Channel Latin America in association with Disney and Harris Whitbeck presented the show. The first season was filmed in early 2009 and broadcast late in that year across Latin America and the Caribbean and the second season aired in late 2010. In January 2011 it was announced that Space acquired the rights to produce the third season of the show. The fourth season also aired in Space in September 2012, but solely composed of Brazilian teams with Paulo Zulu as the host, replacing Whitbeck. In the fifth season, María Victoria "Toya" Montoya, a former contestant from the third season, replaced Whitbeck as regular host of the series.
On November 30, 2012, it was revealed that CTV would produce a Canadian version of The Amazing Race. An announcement made by Phil Keoghan aired on this channel during the December 2, 2012, episode of the U.S. version of the show. The show premiered on July 15, 2013 with Olympic gold medalist Jon Montgomery as host and has since aired seven seasons.
As of May 9, 2021, there have been 83 winning teams in over 14 franchises of The Amazing Race. The most recent winners are cowboys Brendon Crawley and Jackson Dening who won The Amazing Race Australia 5.
|The Amazing Race Asia||AXN Asia|
New Zealand (3)
|The Amazing Race Australia||Seven Network (1–3)
TVNZ (TV2) (3)
Network 10 (4-)
|The Amazing Race Australia v New Zealand||Season 3, 2014: Daniel Little and Ryan Thomas|
|Brazil||The Amazing Race: A Corrida Milionária||RedeTV!||
|The Amazing Race: Edição Brasil
The Amazing Race: Brazilian Edition[r]
|Canada||The Amazing Race Canada||CTV||
|The Amazing Race Canada: Heroes Edition|
|China||The Amazing Race: China Rush
Dragon TV (2–3)
|Allan Wu||Trip around the World|
|The Amazing Race
China (Season 3–4)
|France||Amazing Race : la plus grande course autour du monde !
Amazing Race: the biggest race around the world!
The Race to the Million
|Channel 2 (Reshet) (1–5)
Reshet 13 (6–)
|המירוץ למיליון: All Stars
HaMerotz LaMillion: All Stars
|The Amazing Race en Discovery Channel
The Amazing Race on Discovery Channel
|Discovery Channel Latin America|
|The Amazing Race||Space
TC Televisión (6)
|The Amazing Race: Ecuador|
|Norway||The Amazing Race Norge||TV 2|
|Philippines||The Amazing Race Philippines||TV5|
|1+1||Season 1, 2013: Valeria Nikiforets and Bohdana Primak|
|United States||The Amazing Race
|The Amazing Race: Family Edition||Season 8, 2005: Nick, Alex, Megan and Tommy Linz|
|The Amazing Race: All-Stars|
|The Amazing Race: Unfinished Business||Season 18, 2011: Kisha and Jen Hoffman|
|The Amazing Race: Reality Showdown||Season 31, 2019: Colin Guinn and Christie Woods|
|Vietnam||Cuộc đua kỳ thú
The Amazing Race Vietnam
|VTV3 (1–2, 4, 6)
VTV6 (3, 5)
|Season 1, 2012: Saetti Baggio and Thành Phúc||Dustin Nguyen||300,000,000₫|
|Cuộc đua kỳ thú
The Amazing Race Vietnam
|Huy Khánh (2–3) |
Song Luân (6)
Hương Giang (6)
|Cuộc đua kỳ thú
The Amazing Race Vietnam
(Celebrities vs. Fans)
|Cuộc đua kỳ thú
The Amazing Race Vietnam
A video game based on this reality show was developed by Ludia for the Wii. It was released on November 2, 2010, in North America.
The game features many locations previously visited on real races, as well as some new ones like Venezuela. Host Phil Keoghan provided voice-acting throughout the entire game.
Players customize their own characters and can race against other, pre-made characters. These existing teams are showcased in the opening, which closely mirrors the actual show's opening (including the use of the same music). However, when playing the actual game, no-one, not even the player, is referred to by name. Instead, teams are differentiated by color (ex. team yellow).
The rules of the race are fairly similar to the actual race. Teams receive money, fly to a location and complete various tasks (which were represented by a large collection of minigames). The last team to arrive is eliminated, unless they are saved by a non-elimination leg, in which the penalty is the team loses all their money they saved up to that point (unlike the show during seasons 5–9, the teams are still given money at the start of the next leg). However, teams all leave the Pit Stop at the same time.
Some of the clues had changes to their rules: while the Detour and Roadblock retain their rules, there is no limit on individual Roadblocks. Fast Forwards appear in the race, but they are not optional, and the team that completes it fastest gets a two-hour time credit. The Intersection marker was also present, however, the rules was changed where a task that all teams complete, similar to an additional task on the real race. The Yield, U-Turn, Speed Bump, and Express Pass are not featured in this game.
As an added bonus, completing various tasks and doing certain objectives in the game will unlock "video files." These are selected clips from the actual U.S. TV show; usually featuring notable clips selected from the first 15 seasons, such as extremely dramatic moments (examples are Uchenna & Joyce couldn't pay their taxi driver at the final Pit Stop and Chris & Alex making the closest finish in Amazing Race) or funny moments (such as when Fran & Barry kept walking past a clue that was within arm's length). The clips appear exactly as they did on TV, except that all logos are pixelated, even those that went uncensored on TV.
Ludia also made a version of the game for the iPhone, iPod touch and iPad.
In 2015, a Canadian animated Amazing Race parody program titled The Ridonculous Race aired on Teletoon and Cartoon Network. The show itself is a spin-off the Total Drama series (which is, in turn, a parody of other reality shows, predominately Survivor). The animated show features 18 teams of two who will compete in a race around the world for C$1,000,000. The show is hosted by Don, who is modelled after The Amazing Race US host, Phil Keoghan. The teams race to "Don Boxes" to receive their next "travel tip", which will instruct the teams to complete challenges and go to other locations. Like Amazing Race, there are a variety of challenge types. There are "either or"; in which the teams are given a choice of two choices (like a Detour), a "botch or watch"; which only one member of the team can complete the task (like a Roadblock), and "all-ins"; in which both members must complete the given task. At the end of each episode, there is a "Chill Zone" which the teams may rest until the next episode. Teams check into the "chill zones" by stepping on the "carpet of completion". The last team to set foot on the carpet may be eliminated from the race. The first team to reach the final "chill zone" will win C$1,000,000.