United States District Court for the District of New Hampshire
More locations
Appeals toFirst Circuit
EstablishedSeptember 24, 1789
Chief JudgeLandya B. McCafferty
Officers of the court
U.S. AttorneyJane E. Young
U.S. MarshalNick Willard
The Warren B. Rudman U.S. Courthouse in Concord

The United States District Court for the District of New Hampshire (in case citations, D.N.H.) is the federal district court whose jurisdiction comprises the state of New Hampshire. The Warren B. Rudman U.S. Courthouse for the New Hampshire district is located in Concord.[citation needed]

Appeals from the District of New Hampshire are taken to the United States Court of Appeals for the First Circuit (except for patent claims and claims against the U.S. government under the Tucker Act, which are appealed to the Federal Circuit).[citation needed]

The United States Attorney's Office for the District of New Hampshire represents the United States in civil and criminal litigation in the court. As of May 2, 2022, the United States attorney is Jane E. Young.[1]

Current judges

As of December 21, 2021:

# Title Judge Duty station Born Term of service Appointed by
Active Chief Senior
17 Chief Judge Landya B. McCafferty Concord 1962 2013–present 2018–present Obama
16 District Judge Joseph Normand Laplante Concord 1965 2007–present 2011–2018 G.W. Bush
18 District Judge Samantha D. Elliott Concord 1975 2021–present Biden
14 Senior Judge Paul Barbadoro Concord 1955 1992–2021 1997–2004 2021–present G.H.W. Bush
15 Senior Judge Steven J. McAuliffe Concord 1948 1992–2013 2004–2011 2013–present G.H.W. Bush

Former judges

# Judge State Born–died Active service Chief Judge Senior status Appointed by Reason for
1 John Sullivan NH 1740–1795 1789–1795 Washington death
2 John Pickering NH 1737–1805 1795–1804 Washington impeachment and conviction
3 John Samuel Sherburne NH 1757–1830 1804–1830 Jefferson death
4 Matthew Harvey NH 1781–1866 1830–1866[Note 1] Jackson death
5 Daniel Clark NH 1809–1891 1866–1891 A. Johnson death
6 Edgar Aldrich NH 1848–1921 1891–1921 B. Harrison death
7 George Franklin Morris NH 1866–1953 1921–1943 1943–1953 Harding death
8 Aloysius Joseph Connor NH 1895–1967 1944–1967 F. Roosevelt death
9 Hugh H. Bownes NH 1920–2003 1968–1977 L. Johnson elevation to 1st Cir.
10 Shane Devine NH 1926–1999 1978–1992 1979–1992 1992–1999 Carter death
11 Martin F. Loughlin NH 1923–2007 1979–1989 1989–1995 Carter retirement
12 Norman H. Stahl NH 1931–2023 1990–1992 G.H.W. Bush elevation to 1st Cir.
13 Joseph A. Diclerico Jr. NH 1941–2022 1992–2007 1992–1997 2007–2022 G.H.W. Bush death
  1. ^ Recess appointment; formally nominated on December 14, 1830, confirmed by the United States Senate on December 16, 1830, and received commission the same day

Chief judges

Chief Judge
Devine 1979–1992
Diclerico 1992–1997
Barbadoro 1997–2004
McAuliffe 2004–2011
Laplante 2011–2018
McCafferty 2018–present

Chief judges have administrative responsibilities with respect to their district court. Unlike the Supreme Court, where one justice is specifically nominated to be chief, the office of chief judge rotates among the district court judges. To be chief, a judge must have been in active service on the court for at least one year, be under the age of 65, and have not previously served as chief judge.

A vacancy is filled by the judge highest in seniority among the group of qualified judges. The chief judge serves for a term of seven years, or until age 70, whichever occurs first. The age restrictions are waived if no members of the court would otherwise be qualified for the position.

When the office was created in 1948, the chief judge was the longest-serving judge who had not elected to retire, on what has since 1958 been known as senior status, or declined to serve as chief judge. After August 6, 1959, judges could not become or remain chief after turning 70 years old. The current rules have been in operation since October 1, 1982.

Succession of seats

U.S. attorneys

See also


  1. ^ "Meet the U.S. Attorney". www.justice.gov. April 8, 2015. Retrieved May 2, 2022.
  2. ^ "New Hampshire US Attorney John Kacavas Resigning". April 10, 2015.

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