|United States District Court for the Eastern District of Virginia|
|Location||Albert V. Bryan U.S. Courthouse|
|Appeals to||Fourth Circuit|
|Established||February 4, 1819|
|Chief Judge||Mark Steven Davis|
|Officers of the court|
|U.S. Attorney||Jessica D. Aber|
|U.S. Marshal||Nick Edward Proffitt|
The United States District Court for the Eastern District of Virginia (in case citations, E.D. Va.) is one of two United States district courts serving the Commonwealth of Virginia. It has jurisdiction over the Northern Virginia, Hampton Roads, and Richmond metro areas and surrounding locations with courthouses located in Alexandria, Norfolk, Richmond and Newport News (whose judges are shared with Norfolk).
Appeals from the Eastern District of Virginia are taken to the United States Court of Appeals for the Fourth Circuit (except for patent claims and claims against the U.S. government under the Tucker Act, which are appealed to the Federal Circuit).
The United States District Court for the District of Virginia was one of the original 13 courts established by the Judiciary Act of 1789, 1 Stat. 73, on September 24, 1789.
On February 13, 1801, the Judiciary Act of 1801, 2 Stat. 89, divided Virginia into three judicial districts: the District of Virginia, which included the counties west of the Tidewater and south of the Rappahannock River; the District of Norfolk, which included the Tidewater counties south of the Rappahannock; and the District of Potomac, which included the counties north and east of the Rappahannock as well as Maryland counties along the Potomac. Just over a year later, on March 8, 1802, the Judiciary Act of 1801 was repealed and Virginia became a single District again, 2 Stat. 132, effective July 1, 1802.
The District of Virginia was subdivided into Eastern and Western Districts on February 4, 1819, by 3 Stat. 478. At that time, West Virginia was still part of Virginia, and was encompassed in Virginia's Western District, while the Eastern District essentially covered what is now the entire state of Virginia. With the division of West Virginia from Virginia during the American Civil War, the Western District of Virginia became the District of West Virginia, and those parts of the Western District that were not part of West Virginia were combined with the Eastern District to again form a single District of Virginia on June 11, 1864, by 13 Stat. 124. Congress again divided Virginia into the Eastern and Western Districts on February 3, 1871, by 16 Stat. 403.
During the 1960s, Judge Albert V. Bryan Jr. ran the Alexandria court, often ruled cases on the spot after motions were argued. The court earned the nickname of "rocket docket" for the speed and efficiency for which it processes its cases. Since 1997, the court has processed civil cases the fastest of the 94 federal districts, and eighth fastest in dealing with criminal cases. Courts at Richmond are located in the Spottswood W. Robinson III and Robert R. Merhige Jr. Federal Courthouse, having previously been held in the historic Lewis F. Powell Jr. United States Courthouse.
The Eastern District of Virginia court's jurisdiction covers slightly over six million people, comprising approximately 85% of the state's population. It jurisdiction is grouped into four geographic divisions:
The Alexandria Division covers the counties of suburban Washington, D.C.: Alexandria, Arlington, Fairfax, Fauquier, Loudoun, Prince William, and Stafford, and includes the independent cities of Fairfax City, Manassas, Manassas Park, and Falls Church.
The Richmond Division comprises the counties of Amelia, Brunswick, Caroline, Charles City, Chesterfield, Dinwiddie, Essex, Goochland, Greensville, Hanover, Henrico, James City, King and Queen, King George, King William, Lancaster, Lunenburg, Mecklenburg, Middlesex, New Kent, Northumberland, Nottoway, Powhatan, Prince Edward, Prince George, Richmond, Spotsylvania, Surry, Sussex, and Westmoreland, as well as independent cities such as Colonial Heights. 
Norfolk Division includes the counties of Accomack, Northampton, Isle of Wight, Southampton, and independent cities such as Chesapeake, Norfolk, Portsmouth, Suffolk, and Virginia Beach.
The Newport News Division includes the counties of Gloucester, Mathews, York County, and cities such as Hampton, Newport News, Poquoson, and Williamsburg.
As of October 12, 2021[update] the U.S. Attorney for the Eastern District of Virginia is Jessica D. Aber, serving as prosecution for criminal cases brought by the federal government, and representing the United States in civil cases in the court. The U.S. Attorney's office also manages the Project Safe Neighborhoods program within the district to reduce gun violence (part of a nationwide program), and is involved with federal initiatives on drug trafficking, terrorism, cybercrime, and the prevention/combating of elder care abuse.
As of November 24, 2021[update]:
|#||Title||Judge||Duty station||Born||Term of service||Appointed by|
|40||Chief Judge||Mark Steven Davis||Norfolk||1962||2008–present||2018–present||—||G.W. Bush|
|33||District Judge||Leonie Brinkema||Alexandria||1944||1993–present||—||—||Clinton|
|43||District Judge||Arenda Wright Allen||Norfolk||1960||2011–present||—||—||Obama|
|44||District Judge||M. Hannah Lauck||Richmond||1963||2014–present||—||—||Obama|
|45||District Judge||Rossie D. Alston Jr.||Alexandria||1957||2019–present||—||—||Trump|
|46||District Judge||David J. Novak||Richmond||1961||2019–present||—||—||Trump|
|47||District Judge||Roderick C. Young||Richmond||1966||2020–present||—||—||Trump|
|48||District Judge||Patricia Tolliver Giles||Alexandria||1973||2021–present||—||—||Biden|
|49||District Judge||Michael S. Nachmanoff||Alexandria||1968||2021–present||—||—||Biden|
|26||Senior Judge||Robert G. Doumar||Norfolk||1930||1981–1997||—||1997–present||Reagan|
|27||Senior Judge||Claude M. Hilton||Alexandria||1940||1985–2005||1997–2004||2005–present||Reagan|
|29||Senior Judge||T. S. Ellis III||Alexandria||1940||1987–2007||—||2007–present||Reagan|
|30||Senior Judge||Rebecca Beach Smith||Norfolk||1949||1989–2019||2011–2018||2019–present||G.H.W. Bush|
|32||Senior Judge||Robert E. Payne||Richmond||1941||1992–2007||—||2007–present||G.H.W. Bush|
|34||Senior Judge||Raymond Alvin Jackson||Norfolk||1949||1993–2021||—||2021–present||Clinton|
|37||Senior Judge||Henry E. Hudson||Richmond||1947||2002–2018||—||2018–present||G.W. Bush|
|39||Senior Judge||Liam O'Grady||Alexandria||1950||2007–2020||—||2020–present||G.W. Bush|
|41||Senior Judge||Anthony Trenga||Alexandria||1949||2008–2021||—||2021–present||G.W. Bush|
|42||Senior Judge||John A. Gibney Jr.||Richmond||1951||2010–2021||—||2021–present||Obama|
|Seat||Prior judge's duty station||Seat last held by||Vacancy reason||Date of vacancy||Nominee||Date of nomination|
|3||Richmond||John A. Gibney Jr.||Senior status||November 1, 2021||Elizabeth Hanes||May 19, 2022|
|7||Norfolk||Raymond Alvin Jackson||November 23, 2021||–||–|
|#||Judge||State||Born–died||Active service||Chief Judge||Senior status||Appointed by||Reason for|
|1||St. George Tucker||VA||1752–1827||1813–1825[Note 1]||—||—||Madison||resignation|
|2||George Hay||VA||1765–1830||1825–1830[Note 2]||—||—||J.Q. Adams||death|
|3||Philip P. Barbour||VA||1783–1841||1830–1836[Note 3]||—||—||Jackson||elevation to Supreme Court|
|4||Peter Vivian Daniel||VA||1784–1860||1836–1841||—||—||Jackson||elevation to Supreme Court|
|5||John Y. Mason||VA||1799–1859||1841–1844||—||—||Van Buren||resignation|
|6||James Dandridge Halyburton||VA||1803–1879||1844–1861||—||—||Tyler||resignation|
|7||John Curtiss Underwood||VA||1809–1873||1863–1864[Note 4]
Operation of law
|reassignment to D. Va.|
|8||Robert William Hughes||VA||1821–1901||1874–1898||—||—||Grant||retirement|
|9||Edmund Waddill Jr.||VA||1855–1931||1898–1921||—||—||McKinley||elevation to 4th Cir.|
|10||Duncan Lawrence Groner||VA||1873–1957||1921–1931||—||—||Harding||elevation to D.C. Cir.|
|11||Luther B. Way||VA||1879–1943||1931–1943||—||—||Hoover||death|
|12||Robert Nelson Pollard||VA||1880–1954||1936–1947||—||1947–1954||F. Roosevelt||death|
|13||Charles Sterling Hutcheson||VA||1894–1969||1944–1959||1948–1959||1959–1969||F. Roosevelt||death|
|14||Albert Vickers Bryan||VA||1899–1984||1947–1961||1959–1961||—||Truman||elevation to 4th Cir.|
|15||Walter Edward Hoffman||VA||1907–1996||1954–1974||1961–1973||1974–1996||Eisenhower||death|
|16||Oren Ritter Lewis||VA||1902–1983||1960–1974||—||1974–1983||Eisenhower||death|
|17||John D. Butzner Jr.||VA||1917–2006||1962–1967||—||—||Kennedy||elevation to 4th Cir.|
|18||Richard Boykin Kellam||VA||1909–1996||1967–1981||1973–1979||1981–1996||L. Johnson||death|
|19||John Ashton MacKenzie||VA||1917–2010||1967–1985||1979–1985||1985–1998||L. Johnson||retirement|
|20||Robert R. Merhige Jr.||VA||1919–2005||1967–1986||—||1986–1998||L. Johnson||retirement|
|21||Albert Vickers Bryan Jr.||VA||1926–2019||1971–1991||1985–1991||1991–2019||Nixon||death|
|22||David Dortch Warriner||VA||1929–1986||1974–1986||—||—||Nixon||death|
|23||Joseph Calvitt Clarke Jr.||VA||1920–2004||1974–1991||—||1991–2004||Ford||death|
|24||Richard Leroy Williams||VA||1923–2011||1980–1992||—||1992–2011||Carter||death|
|25||James C. Cacheris||VA||1933–present||1981–1998||1991–1997||1998–2018||Reagan||retirement|
|28||James R. Spencer||VA||1949–present||1986–2014||2004–2011||2014–2017||Reagan||retirement|
|31||Henry Coke Morgan Jr.||VA||1935–2022||1992–2004||—||2004–2022||G.H.W. Bush||death|
|35||Jerome B. Friedman||VA||1943–present||1997–2010||—||2010–2011||Clinton||retirement|
|36||Gerald Bruce Lee||VA||1952–present||1998–2017||—||—||Clinton||retirement|
|38||Walter D. Kelley Jr.||VA||1955–present||2004–2008||—||—||G.W. Bush||resignation|
Chief judges have administrative responsibilities with respect to their district court. Unlike the Supreme Court, where one justice is specifically nominated to be chief, the office of chief judge rotates among the district court judges. To be chief, a judge must have been in active service on the court for at least one year, be under the age of 65, and have not previously served as chief judge. A vacancy is filled by the judge highest in seniority among the group of qualified judges. The chief judge serves for a term of seven years or until age 70, whichever occurs first. The age restrictions are waived if no members of the court would otherwise be qualified for the position.
When the office was created in 1948, the chief judge was the longest-serving judge who had not elected to retire on what has since 1958 been known as senior status or declined to serve as chief judge. After August 6, 1959, judges could not become or remain chief after turning 70 years old. The current rules have been in operation since October 1, 1982.
The Eastern District of Virginia has handled many notable cases, including:
((cite journal)): Cite journal requires