In Sufism, the wazifa (Arabic: وَظِيفَة ; plural: wazaïf) is a regular litany practiced by followers and comprising Quranic verses, hadiths of supplication and various Duas.[1][2]


It is recorded in the various rituals of the Sufis that one of their main invocations takes place with an individual or collective daily and weekly dhikr and wird known as wazifa.[3] This wazifa thus refers only to the part of this ritual devoted to the invocation of the supreme qualities of Allah Almighty.[4]

As an example, song and rhyme also play a key role in this wazifa and provide a bridge and connection to the Sufi practice of reciting the ninety-nine names of God while meditating on their meaning.

For each tariqa in Sufism, there are specific collective litany rules comprising a minimum number of people required to create a group which is generally four murids.

In these reciting congregations, the disciples meet daily or weekly to perform collective dhikr, which is a type of meeting thus known as wazifa circle (halqa).[5]


There are several conditions for the collective recitation of the wazifa to bring its mystical fruits:[6]

In the Tijaniyya order, if the reciters are men and there is no confirmed muqaddam among them, these murids can elect from among them a man who can initiate the wazifa for them.[8]


The best time to practice morning wazifa ranges from fajr prayer to duha prayer and can go beyond until noon.[9]

For the evening wazifa, the preferable time is from the asr prayer in the afternoon until the isha prayer at night.[10]

Particularly in the summer when the nights are short, the possible schedule of the nocturnal wazifa can extend from sunset until dawn the next day.[11]


The practice and performance of wazifa is very developed and rigorous among the faithful and murids in the tariqas of Sufism.[12]

This litany is assigned as a daily or weekly duty to the disciple by his Sheikh and designed for him according to his predispositions and capacities for spiritual transcendence.[13]

This duty of recitation generally includes the Shahada and the supreme name Allah or its substitute which is the pronoun Huwa (Arabic: هُوَ).[14]

See also


  1. ^ Malik, Jamal; Zarrabi-Zadeh, Saeed (15 July 2019). Sufism East and West: Mystical Islam and Cross-Cultural Exchange in the Modern World. ISBN 9789004393929.
  2. ^ Domínguez-Rosado, Brenda (15 October 2018). Sufism as Lorna Goodison's Alternative Poetic Path to Hope and Healing. ISBN 9781527519435.
  3. ^ Dressler, Markus; Geaves, Ron; Klinkhammer, Gritt (2 June 2009). Sufis in Western Society: Global Networking and Locality. ISBN 9781134105748.
  4. ^ Willis, John Ralph (12 October 2012). Studies in West African Islamic History: Volume 1: The Cultivators of Islam, Volume 2: The Evolution of Islamic Institutions & Volume 3: The Growth of Arabic Literature. ISBN 9781136251603.
  5. ^ Brenner, Louis (January 1984). West African Sufi: The Religious Heritage and Spiritual Search of Cerno Bokar Saalif Taal. ISBN 9780520050082.
  6. ^ Gilligan, Stephen G.; Simon, Dvorah (2004). Walking in Two Worlds: The Relational Self in Theory, Practice, and Community. ISBN 9781932462111.
  7. ^ Smith, Gina Gertrud (2009). Medina Gounass: Challenges to Village Sufism in Senegal. ISBN 9788776913533.
  8. ^ Light, Ivan Hubert; Paden, John N. (January 1973). Ethnic Enterprise in America: Business and Welfare Among Chinese, Japanese, and Blacks. ISBN 9780520017382.
  9. ^ Smith, Gina Gertrud (2009). Medina Gounass: Challenges to Village Sufism in Senegal. ISBN 9788776913533.
  10. ^ Hanif, N. (2000). Biographical Encyclopaedia of Sufis: South Asia. ISBN 9788176250870.
  11. ^ Kobo, Ousman Murzik (27 August 2012). Unveiling Modernity in Twentieth-Century West African Islamic Reforms. ISBN 978-9004215252.
  12. ^ Hanif, N. (2000). Biographical Encyclopaedia of Sufis: South Asia. ISBN 9788176250870.
  13. ^ Pittman, Michael (March 2012). Classical Spirituality in Contemporary America: The Confluence and Contribution of G.I. Gurdjieff and Sufism. ISBN 9781441165237.
  14. ^ Taji-Farouki, Suha (November 2010). Beshara and Ibn 'Arabi: A Movement of Sufi Spirituality in the Modern World. ISBN 9781905937264.