Wazifa Zarruqiyya
AuthorAhmad Zarruq
Original titleسَفِينَةُ النَّجَا لِمَنْ إِلَى اللَهِ اِلْتَجَا‎
Working titleالوظيفة الزروقية
CountryMaghreb
LanguageArabic
SubjectDhikr, Dua, Wird
GenreWazifa

In Sufism, the Wazifa Zarruqiyya (Arabic: الْوَظِيفَةُ الزَّرُّوقِيَّةُ) is a regular litany (wazifa) practiced by followers in the Shadhili order, and whose initial title is "Salvation ship for those who resort to God" (Arabic: سَفِينَةُ النَّجَا لِمَنْ إِلَى اللَهِ اِلْتَجَا).[1][2]

Presentation

This wazifa was initiated and compiled by the Maliki and Sufi theologian Ahmad Zarruq (1442–1493 CE) in order to train his followers (murids) to recite morning and evening litanies on a daily basis.[3]

This Sunni Ashari Muslim scholar and Sufi Sheikh has assembled in this duty of recitation a panoply of Quranic verses and prophetic duas dedicated to the morning and night litanies to which the murid must assiduously submit.[4]

The components of this wazifa were taken from the "Chapter of the morning and evening Adhkar" in the book written by Imam Al-Nawawi (1233–1277 CE) and titled "Adhkar Nawawiyya [ar]".[5]

This wazifa is part of the theological work of Imam Ahmad Zarruq who is one of the most eminent scholars of the school of Maliki fiqh, but he is better known as a Shadhili Sufi Sheikh and as the founder of the Zarruqiyya branch of the Shadhiliyya Sufi order Tariqa.[6]

This notable Sufi who studied in Béjaïa is well known in the Muslim world because around his teachings was born the Sufi order of Zarruqiyya.[7]

This scholar has succeeded in this wazifa using a synthesis of fiqh and Sufism as a feature of the litanies in the Maghreb region, and he has the well known quote which states that:[8]

There is no Sufism except through fiqh, and there is no fiqh but through Sufism.[9]

Practice

This wazifa is recited individually or collectively after Fajr prayer in the morning and after Asr prayer in the afternoon.[10] The recitation begins with the pronunciation of Ta'awwudh then of Basmala followed by Āyah 163 of Surah al-Baqarah.[11]

Next comes the tilawa of Āyah 1 from Surah Al Imran, followed by Āyah 111 of Surah Ta-Ha and then the Throne verse.[12]

Several verses follow each other in the recitation with a specific repetition for each of them. Then the murid recites authentic duas related by Muhammad, and relating to the morning and evening as well as to personal and congregational well-being.[13]

The content of the wazifa is finally completed with the recitation of the last three verses Āyates 180 to 182 of Surah As-Saaffat.[14]

See also

References

  1. ^ Brustad, Kristen (18 June 2001). Interpreting the Self: Autobiography in the Arabic Literary Tradition. ISBN 978-0-520-22667-8.
  2. ^ Krätli, Graziano; Lydon, Ghislaine (2011). The Trans-Saharan Book Trade: Manuscript Culture, Arabic Literacy and Intellectual History in Muslim Africa. ISBN 978-9004187429.
  3. ^ MacKinlay, Elizabeth (2010). Ageing and Spirituality Across Faiths and Cultures. ISBN 978-1-84905-006-7.
  4. ^ Dickson, William Rory (11 September 2015). Living Sufism in North America: Between Tradition and Transformation. ISBN 978-1-4384-5758-1.
  5. ^ Kugle, Scott Alan (2006). Rebel Between Spirit and Law: Ahmad Zarruq, Sainthood, and Authority in Islam. ISBN 0-253-34711-4.
  6. ^ Dévényi, Kinga; Abdul-Fattah, Munif; Fiedler, Katalin (30 October 2015). Catalogue of the Arabic Manuscripts in the Library of the Hungarian Academy of Sciences. ISBN 9789004306936.
  7. ^ Lūqā, Anwar; Louca, Anouar; Schmitt, Edeltraud von der (2005). Catalogue des manuscrits orientaux de la Bibliothèque publique et universitaire, Genève. ISBN 978-3-906769-03-5.
  8. ^ Michon, Jean-Louis (1973). Le soufi marocain Aḥmad ibn ʻAjība (1746–1809) et son Miʻrāj: Glossaire de la mystique musulmane. ISBN 9782711605712.
  9. ^ الأذكار السنية بالمدرسة الزروقية. January 2012. ISBN 9782745173461.
  10. ^ "مؤلفات الشيخ أحمد زروق : Free Download, Borrow, and Streaming : Internet Archive".
  11. ^ الأنوار السنية شرح الوظيفة الزروقية (سفينة النجا لمن التجا) لسيدي زروق الفاسي. January 2007. ISBN 9782745158079.
  12. ^ الشيخ أحمد زروق (محتسب العلماء والأولياء - الجامع بين الشريعة والحقيقة) المدرسة الزروقية. January 2019. ISBN 9782745189813.
  13. ^ الأنوار الإلهية بالمدرسة الزروقية. January 2011. ISBN 9782745172754.
  14. ^ النصائح الزروقية. January 2017. ISBN 9782745187093.