Company typePrivate
GenreFast food
FoundedAugust 8, 1950; 73 years ago (1950-08-08)
in Corpus Christi, Texas, U.S.
FounderHarmon Dobson, Paul Burton[1]
Number of locations
1000 (2024)
Area served
Texas, Florida, Georgia, Missouri, Kansas, Southeastern, Southwestern and Colorado.
Key people
  • Ed Nelson (President & CEO)
  • Debbie Stroud (EVPTooltip Executive Vice President & COOTooltip Chief operating officer)
  • Elena Kraus (EVP & CLOTooltip Chief legal officer)
  • Rich Scheffler (EVP & CMOTooltip Chief marketing officer)
  • James Turcotte (EVP & CDOTooltip Chief development officer)
  • Janelle Sykes (EVP & CFO)
  • Peggy Rubenzer (SVPTooltip Senior Vice President & CPOTooltip Chief people officer)
  • Alexander Ivannikov (EVP & CAOTooltip Chief administrative officer)
  • Joe Shannon (SVP & CIOTooltip Chief information officer)
RevenueIncrease$3.340 billion[4] (2022)
OwnerUBT Capital (majority)[4]
Dobson family (minority)[5]
Number of employees
43,000[6] (2021)
Whataburger restaurant in Austin, Texas

Whataburger is an American regional fast food restaurant chain, headquartered and based in San Antonio, Texas, that specializes in hamburgers. Founded by Harmon Dobson and Paul Burton, it opened its first restaurant in Corpus Christi, Texas in 1950. Family-owned by the Dobsons until 2019,[7] the chain is now managed by a private equity firm; the Dobson family still holds a small stake.[8]

When the company changed ownership in 2019, there were more than 670 locations in Texas and over 150 in New Mexico, Arizona, Colorado, and the Southern United States,[9] of which 126 are franchised.[10]

Whataburger was known for many years for its distinct A-framed orange-and-white-stripe-roofed buildings. The first A-frame restaurant, the 24th Whataburger to open, was built in Odessa, Texas in 1961. Although the company highlighted the restaurant as an unofficial historical landmark,[11] it was demolished in 2019 and replaced by a new building.[12]

The company's focus is on ground beef burgers, and include the Whataburger, the Whataburger Jr., the Triple Meat Whataburger, the Bacon & Cheese Whataburger, and the Justaburger. Non-beef options, such as the Whatachick'n, are also available. Breakfast is served during morning hours, including biscuits, pork sausage, bacon, and eggs.[13]


Early years

In 1950, Harmon Dobson and Paul Burton were looking to open a hamburger restaurant. Dobson's goal was to "make a better burger that took two hands to hold and tasted so good that when you took a bite you would say 'What a burger!'" In June 1950, Dobson was granted the Whataburger trademark. In August of that year they opened their first location on Ayers Street in Corpus Christi, Texas, across from Del Mar College.[1][14] The store sold burgers for 25 cents, and also sold drinks and chips.[1]

In 1951, Burton and Dobson ended their partnership after arguments concerning Dobson's price raise of the burger from 25 to 30 cents. Burton settled with owning the Whataburger franchises in San Antonio, Texas. Months later, prices for burgers were raised to 35 cents.[1] In 1952, Dobson opened a location in Kingsville, Texas, the first store outside of Corpus Christi. In 1953, Joe Andrews, Sr. became the first non-founder franchise owner with a location in Alice, Texas. In 1959, the first Whataburger restaurant outside Texas opened in Pensacola, Florida.[15]

1960s and 1970s

By 1960, there were stores operating across Texas, Florida, and Tennessee.[15] Inspired by his love for flying, Dobson designed the orange and white striped A-frame store in Odessa, Texas, in 1961.[1][11]

In 1962, the company added French fries and hot pies to its menu.[15] In 1963, it expanded to Arizona and totaled 26 stores. In 1965, it estimated selling 15,000 burgers daily in the Texas Coastal Bend area. In 1967, the company commissioned the "Flying W" company logo, and the company had expanded to 40 restaurants in four states.[1]

On April 11, 1967, Dobson and an associate died in an airplane crash, and Dobson's widow, Grace, took control of the business. In 1969, Grace became chairman of the board.[1]

In 1971, the company opened its first drive-through store, and in 1972, it opened its 100th store. In 1974, the A-frame design was changed to a "Modern A-Frame" to accommodate drive-thrus and larger dining rooms.

1980s and 1990s

In 1980, the company opened its 300th store.[1][15] In 1982, three Corpus Christi stores began 24/7 service.[15] In 1983, the company added Breakfast on a Bun, the Whatachick'n sandwich and breakfast taquitos to its menu.[15] In 1987, it opened its 400th store,[15] and also shut down operations in California.[16]

Whataburger in Frisco, Texas - opened 2008
A hamburger, french fries, and a soft drink at a Whataburger in College Station, Texas

In 1993, Harmon and Grace Dobson's son, Tom, became the CEO and President. The menu expanded, offering Whatameal packages, cookies and biscuits, and chicken strips. The company celebrated its 500th store opening in 1995, and was noted as the country's eighth-largest hamburger chain.[15]

On May 6, 1999, the company opened "Whataburger by the Bay" on Shoreline Blvd in Corpus Christi. It is the largest Whataburger store at 6,000 square feet (560 m2).[17] The site includes a life-size bronze statue of Harmon Dobson.[1][15]

A Whataburger facility, complete with familiar a-frame design and the company logo, appeared routinely in the popular animated TV series King of the Hill.


On August 8, 2000, Whataburger celebrated its 50th anniversary with 575 operating stores. In 2001, during the 77th Texas Legislative Session, a bill was passed proclaiming Whataburger to be a Texas Treasure.[18]

In 2003, it hired Austin-based advertising firm McGarrah Jessee,[19] which created an advertising campaign featuring the gravelly voice of Ohio actor William Bassett.[20] In 2007, the company achieved 700 stores in ten states with annual revenue of $1 billion.[5]

In October 2011, the company changed its television ads from Bassett's voiceovers to "documentary-style ads employees and customers using their own words to describe what makes Whataburger special."[20] By the end of the year, it had 728 stores operating in ten states. The Dobson family owned 611 stores, and the other "117 are owned and operated by about 25 franchisees."[5]

On May 16, 2019 American City Business Journals reported that Whataburger confirmed it has hired Morgan Stanley for a possible sale of the company.[21]

On June 14, 2019, the Dobson family sold its majority stake in the company to BDT Capital, a Chicago-based investment company. The family cited long term expansion plans as one reason for the sale. Much of the current leadership will remain, but they will take on new roles within the company. Ed Nelson, currently serving as chief financial officer and controller, was promoted to president.[7] The company said that Whataburger's headquarters will remain in San Antonio.[22]

On August 1, 2020, Ed Nelson was promoted to CEO of Whataburger.[23]

Beginning in 2021, the company expanded to the Midwest with locations around the Kansas City metropolitan area and the Wichita, Kansas metropolitan area, with multiple locations in between the cities, and also as far north as St. Joseph[24] On January 5, 2022, the first of 8 locations in Middle Tennessee opened in Hermitage, ending a decades long absence in the Nashville area.

In March 2022, Whataburger announced it would be opening locations in the Atlanta metropolitan area.[25] The first one opened in November in Kennesaw.[26]

In April 2023, the town of Flower Mound, Texas approved zoning for the first Whataburger in the city.[27] At that time, Flower Mound was the largest city in Texas without a Whataburger.[28]

Retail products

Due to the success of selling Whataburger sauces at H-E-B since 2014, the company announced it will offer 1-pound packages of bacon at H-E-B and Central Market stores.[29]

Whataburger sells its line of condiments in 14oz and 20oz squeeze bottles. It also sells jars of its picante sauce and salsa verde, as well as boxed pancake mix.[30]

Corporate affairs

Leadership and operations

Whataburger generated more than $3 billion in revenue in 2022 at more than 900 restaurant locations in 14 states, as well as from the sale of various retail products in grocery stores throughout the U.S.[31] It employed approximately 50,000 people as of 2022.[32] The company is led by president and CEO Ed Nelson, executive vice president and chief operating officer Debbie Stroud, executive vice president and chief marketing officer Rich Scheffler, executive vice president and chief legal officer Elena Kraus, executive vice president and chief financial officer Janelle Sykes, executive vice president and chief development officer James Turcotte, senior vice president and chief people officer Peggy Rubenzer, senior vice president and chief information officer Joe Shannon, and chief strategy and supply chain officer Alexander Ivannikov.[33]

Headquarters and offices

In 2009 the company moved from its long time base in Corpus Christi to a new headquarters at 300 Concord Plaza Drive, a 140,000-square-foot (13,000 m2) building in San Antonio.[34][35]

Previously the corporate headquarters were in Corpus Christi with the regional offices' in Corpus Christi, Houston, Irving, and Phoenix.[36]

After Hurricane Ike hit the Texas Coast in 2008, the company began considering moving its headquarters from Corpus Christi.[37] On Friday November 21, 2008, the company announced it was permanently moving to San Antonio, and that the Corpus Christi office would remain open indefinitely to help ease the transition.[38] The company chose San Antonio because of a larger talent pool for potential employees, increased protection from hurricanes, and cost-efficient office space.[34][39]

In March 2009 the company purchased the Concord Plaza development from HDG Mansur. The company stated that it chose Concord Plaza for its proximity to neighborhoods and schools attractive to its employees, and its proximity to San Antonio International Airport. Tesoro, which leased space in the development, was moving to another facility at the time Whataburger bought the building.[34] Whataburger planned to move 250 of its corporate positions to San Antonio,[34] with over 60% of the employees coming from Corpus Christi and the rest hired locally.[39]

What-A-Burger and similar stores

See also: What-A-Burger

Whataburger is sometimes confused with the What-A-Burger (hyphenated) chain of family-operated restaurants in Virginia, North Carolina, and South Carolina. The first What-A-Burger store opened in 1950 by entrepreneur Jack Branch near Newport News, Virginia, at Newport News Circle (intersection of Jefferson Avenue and U.S. Route 258) in the former Warwick County. What-A-Burger and Whataburger were unaware of each other's existence several states apart until around 1970, when there was some correspondence.[citation needed] However, no legal actions took place until 2002–2003, when both companies sued each other over the alleged trademark infringement.[40] The Court of Appeals, in 2004, eventually decided the Texas Whataburger had a legitimate trademark; but the Virginia chain did not harm the much larger Texas-based chain in any way or any reasonable public confusion: "There is no evidence — nor can we imagine any — that consumers are currently likely to be confused about whether the burgers served by Virginia W-A-B come from Texas or Virginia."[41]

A second restaurant chain based in North Carolina, named What-A-Burger Drive-In, owned by Eb and Michael Bost, was not a party to the lawsuit, but under case law procedures, it would also retain its name. It visibly numbered their stores starting from #1 in Kannapolis, North Carolina, to #15 in Concord, North Carolina, six of which remain in operation as of March 2009.[42][43]


Whataburger has sponsored a variety of music festivals.[44] The company has also sponsored sports through the Whataburger Sports Complex in Kilgore, Texas,[45] the Arizona Soccer Association,[46] and David Starr Racing,[47] among others.


See also


  1. ^ a b c d e f g h i Jones, Cindy (June 15, 2010). "Whataburger". Handbook of Texas Online. Texas State Historical Association. Retrieved September 12, 2012.
  2. ^ "Whataburger Hires Debbie Stroud as EVP and COO" (Press release). February 10, 2023. Retrieved February 20, 2023 – via QSR Magazine.
  3. ^ "Whataburger Promotes Three Execs with 41 Years of Experience" (Press release). March 10, 2023. Retrieved March 14, 2023 – via QSR Magazine.
  4. ^ a b "New Whataburger owners plan to expand popular fast-food chain". Austin American-Statesman. June 14, 2019. Retrieved March 8, 2020.
  5. ^ a b c Hendricks, David (April 11, 2012). "Whataburger sales and stores are growing". San Antonio Express. Retrieved September 12, 2012.
  6. ^ DiFurio, Dom; McCaffrey, Orla (June 14, 2019). "Whataburger's founding family sells controlling stake in iconic Texas chain". Dallas News. Retrieved June 15, 2019.
  7. ^ a b Leone, Jared (June 14, 2019). "Whataburger sells majority interest to Chicago investment company". WJAX-TV. Retrieved June 16, 2019.
  8. ^ Klein, Danny (June 2019). "Whataburger Sells Majority Interest to BDT Capital Partners". QSR magazine. Retrieved July 11, 2019.
  9. ^ Iszler, Madison; Fechter, Joshua (June 14, 2019). "Whataburger sells majority ownership stake to Chicago investment firm". San Antonio Express. Retrieved July 11, 2019.
  10. ^ "34. Whataburger". Franchise Times. September 27, 2023. Retrieved November 27, 2023.
  11. ^ a b Grands, Geo (February 3, 2007). "First Whataburger "A" Frame Design, Odessa TX". Waymarking.com. Retrieved May 24, 2012.
  12. ^ "First on CBS7: Historic Whataburger on Andrews Highway closing". KOSA-TV. July 3, 2019. Retrieved July 10, 2019.
  13. ^ "Whataburger | Home".
  14. ^ "Gone But Not Forgotten in San Antonio". city-data.com forums. October 3, 2007.
  15. ^ a b c d e f g h i "Our Story". Whataburger. Retrieved September 12, 2012.
  16. ^ "Top 9 Now-Defunct L.A. Fast Food Restaurant Chains + The Return of #3". L.A. Weekly. Retrieved January 4, 2016.
  17. ^ "Whataburger by the Bay set to open Thursday". Corpus Christi Online. Corpus Christi Caller Times. May 4, 1999. Archived from the original on January 13, 2013. Retrieved September 12, 2012.
  18. ^ "Whataburger Declared a Texas Treasure". QSR Magazine. April 6, 2001. Retrieved July 11, 2019.
  19. ^ "McGarrah/Jessee lands a whopper: Whataburger". Austin Business Journal. May 2, 2003. Retrieved September 12, 2012.
  20. ^ a b Pack, William (October 6, 2011). "Whataburger ads: Buh-bye Texas voice, hello documentaries". San Antonio Express. Retrieved September 12, 2012.
  21. ^ Salchert, Ryan (May 16, 2019). "$6 billion for Whataburger? Chain hires Morgan Stanley to explore sale". Austin Business Journal. Retrieved May 17, 2019.
  22. ^ Lou, Michelle (June 14, 2019). "Whataburger sells majority ownership stake to Chicago company". CNN. Retrieved June 14, 2019.
  23. ^ Ruggless, Ron (August 3, 2020). "Whataburger promotes Ed Nelson to CEO". Nation's Restaurant News.
  24. ^ "Will Whataburger be coming to Wichita? Patrick Mahomes joins chain to bring his favorite restaurant to fans across Chiefs Kingdom". KSN.com. August 10, 2021.
  25. ^ Salinas, Rebecca (April 4, 2022). "Whataburger moving into Atlanta area with 8 new locations". KSAT-TV.
  26. ^ Moore, Jessica (November 23, 2022). "First Whataburger location to open in metro Atlanta | Here's when". WXIA-TV.
  27. ^ Express, Dallas (April 7, 2023). "Local City Approves Its First Whataburger". Dallas Express. Retrieved January 3, 2024.
  28. ^ "The Largest City In Texas That Doesn't Have A Whataburger Is Finally Getting A Whataburger". Lone Star 92.5. Retrieved January 3, 2024.
  29. ^ "Whataburger's Hickory Smoked Bacon now sold at H-E-B stores". May 29, 2018. Retrieved May 31, 2018.
  30. ^ "Whataburger at H-E-B". HEB. Retrieved January 11, 2019.
  31. ^ Cullinan, Mike (January 27, 2023). "Open for Business: Whataburger". Springfield Business Journal. Retrieved February 1, 2023.
  32. ^ Rangel, Nina (June 16, 2022). "San Antonio-based Whataburger continues expansion with three new Missouri locations". San Antonio Current. Retrieved January 26, 2023.
  33. ^ "Whataburger Hires Debbie Stroud as EVP and COO". QSR Magazine. February 10, 2023. Retrieved February 20, 2023.
  34. ^ a b c d "Whataburger buys San Antonio office building for new headquarters". San Antonio Business Journal. March 30, 2009. p. 1.
  35. ^ Creighton A. Welch (November 22, 2008). "Whataburger to move headquarters to San Antonio". San Antonio Express-News.
  36. ^ "Contact Us, Whataburger inc". Whataburger. July 5, 2007. Archived from the original on December 1, 2002. Retrieved July 11, 2019.
  37. ^ Vaughan, Vicki (November 26, 2009). "Whataburger adjusting to economy". Houston Chronicle. Retrieved September 12, 2012.
  38. ^ Welch, Creighton A. (November 22, 2008). "Whataburger to move headquarters to San Antonio". Houston Chronicle. San Antonio Express-News. Retrieved September 12, 2012.
  39. ^ a b "Whataburger buys San Antonio office building for new headquarters". San Antonio Business Journal. March 30, 2009. p. 2.
  40. ^ "What-a-Burger of Virginia v. Whataburger Inc". leagle.com. April 3, 2003.
  41. ^ What-A-Burger v. Whataburger, 357 F.3d 441 (United States Court of Appeals, Fourth Circuit. 2004).
  42. ^ Seltzer, Debra Jane. "North Carolina drive-ins". RoadsideArchitecture.com. Retrieved September 12, 2012.
  43. ^ Mason, Sharon (March–April 2009). "What-A-Place" (PDF). Cabarrus Living. pp. 22–23. Archived from the original (PDF) on January 13, 2013. Retrieved September 13, 2012.
  44. ^ "SponsorPitch – Whataburger". SponsorPitch. Retrieved June 11, 2018.
  45. ^ "Sports complex secures Whataburger as sponsor". Kilgore News Herald. March 9, 2018. Retrieved June 11, 2018.
  46. ^ "Sponsorship of AYSA". Arizona Soccer Association. Retrieved June 11, 2018.
  47. ^ "David Starr Partners with Whataburger at Texas Motor Speedway". David Starr Racing. March 31, 2014. Archived from the original on February 26, 2022. Retrieved June 11, 2018.

Further reading