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Xiaolan
小榄镇
Trishaw in Xiaolan.JPG
Nickname(s): 
Chrysanthemum City (菊城)
Xiaolan is labeled
Xiaolan is labeled '16' on this map of Zhongshan
Xiaolan is located in Guangdong
Xiaolan
Xiaolan
Location in Guangdong
Coordinates: 22°40′20″N 113°15′03″E / 22.6721°N 113.2509°E / 22.6721; 113.2509Coordinates: 22°40′20″N 113°15′03″E / 22.6721°N 113.2509°E / 22.6721; 113.2509
CountryPeople's Republic of China
ProvinceGuangdong
Prefecture-level cityZhongshan
Area
 • Total71.47 km2 (27.59 sq mi)
Population
333,000
Time zoneUTC+8 (China Standard)
Xiaolan
Traditional Chinese小欖
Simplified Chinese小榄
PostalSiulam

Xiaolan (simplified Chinese: 小榄镇; traditional Chinese: 小欖鎮; pinyin: Xiǎolǎn Zhèn) is a town situated at the northwest periphery of the city of Zhongshan, Guangdong Province, China.[1]

The population of Xiaolan is approximately 333,000, of which 182,000 are registered hukou residents.[1] The town spans an area of 71.47 square kilometres (27.59 sq mi).[1]

History

According to some historical imperial records,[which?] a concubine of emperor Song Duzong of the Southern Song Dynasty, eloped from the palace to pursue her true love.[citation needed] The concubine fled south until she finally arrived in Xiaolan, where she was able to lose the imperial guards who were in pursuit of her.[citation needed] When she arrived in Xiaolan, the concubine and her helpers were so attracted to the area's landscape, which was scattered with yellow chrysanthemum flowers, that they decided to take up residence there.[citation needed]

In June 2010, a strike broke out at a Honda Lock plant in Xiaolan,[2][3] with workers demanded a wage increase from 930 RMB per month to 1,600 RMB per month.[3] Reuters reported that striking workers were intimidated by police forces,[2] and published an image which appeared to depict riot police being deployed near the factory on June 11.[3] In response, the plant's managers began hiring scabs in response to the strike,[2] and offered monthly pay increases of 200 RMB.[2][3] By July 2010, many of the plant's striking workers returned for such pay rise, while others quit in search of work elsewhere.[2]

Administrative divisions

As of 2020, Xiaolan is divided into 15 residential communities.[4]

Economy

Xiaolan is home to over 40,000 individual enterprises, of which, over 14,000 are manufacturing enterprises.[1] Over 99% of the firms in Xiaolan are privately-owned.[1] Major brands headquartered in Xiaolan include Vatti, Luxking Group Holdings Limited [zh], Chant Group (Chinese: 长青集团; pinyin: Chángqīng Jítuán), and Forest Lighting (Chinese: 木林森照明; pinyin: Mùlínsēn Zhàomíng).[1] The city is a cluster for a number of industries, including hardware, underwear manufacturing, audio devices, locks, and lighting.[1]

Primary sector

Agriculture is the main industry in the primary sector found in Xiaolan Town.[citation needed] The town is well-known for its Chrysanthemum plants, and is often called “Chrysanthemum City” (Chinese: 菊城; pinyin: Jú Chéng), according to the town's government.[1]

From October to November every year, Xiaolan hosts a chrysanthemum festival along its major streets and parks.[citation needed] The show features about 100,000 pots of over a thousand varieties.[citation needed] Every 60 years, a grand chrysanthemum exhibition will be held in Xiaolan.[citation needed]

Secondary sector

Xiaolan is dubbed “Lock City of the South” as well as “Electronic Acoustic Industrial Base” in China.[citation needed] The two industries are the pillar industries of Xiaolan.[citation needed]

Xiaolan controls 23% of the national market share.[citation needed] Indeed, there are production lines of such famous brands as Vantage gas stoves, Guli locks and St. Allen nail clippers in Xiaolan.[citation needed]

Locks

Over 30% of manufacturing enterprises in Xiaolan are engaged in locks and hardware production.[citation needed] Such production accounted for nearly 50% of the total industrial outputs of Xiaolan and employed more than 30,000 people in 2002.[citation needed] Xiaolan's success in this sector earned it a certification as a critical hardware industrial base by China National Hardware Association in 2002.[citation needed]

Audio devices

Meanwhile, a growth in the sector of electronic acoustics, which has taken place in recent years, has made Xiaolan the first "Electronic Acoustics Industrial Base" in China.[citation needed] Between 2000 and 2002, over a hundred enterprises started business in Xiaolan.[citation needed] Both local and foreign enterprises which specialize in production of domestic stereos, DVDs, laser heads, high-tech digital audio equipment, loudspeakers, circuit boards and aluminium panels are clustered in this small town.[citation needed] Production bases of such foreign brands as ADS and Boston operate in Xiaolan while Philips, Toshiba, JBL, Onkyo and Jamo also run their OEM production there.[citation needed] In 2002, the industrial outputs of this sector reached RMB 4.6 billion, accounting for almost one third of the town's industrial output.[citation needed]

Lighting

The town has a sizable lighting industry, specifically in the production of LED lights.[1] This industry accounts for over ¥10 billion in value to the local economy.[1] Major LED brands with a presence in Xiaolan include Forest Lighting (Chinese: 木林森照明; pinyin: Mùlínsēn Zhàomíng), Everlight Electronics, Honbro Technologies (Chinese: 鸿宝科技; pinyin: Hóngbǎo Kējì), Poso Lighting (Chinese: 品上照明; pinyin: Pǐnshàng Zhàomíng), and Guangyang Appliances (Chinese: 光阳电器; pinyin: Guāngyáng Diànqì).[1]

Tertiary sector

Xiaolan has 19 banks and about 100 financial institutions as a whole.[1]

Research and development

To improve research and development for local firms, a technology development centre specializing in the production of locks and hardware was set up in February 2003, and post-doctoral work stations and partnerships with universities have also been established to aid the town's hardware industry.[citation needed] An enterprise-based technology development centre with investment from a US-based acoustics stereo enterprise, AVlight was also established in Xiaolan Industrial Zone in 2002.[citation needed]

Education

Xiaolan is home to 45 kindergartens, 15 public primary schools, 5 secondary schools, and 10 private schools.[1]

Healthcare

The Xiaolan People's Hospital (Chinese: 小榄人民医院; pinyin: Xiǎolǎn Rénmín Yīyuàn), and the Chen Xinghai Hospital (Chinese: 陈星海医院; pinyin: Chén Xīnghǎi Yīyuàn) are both located in the town.[1] 98.85% of Xiaolan's population is insured.[1]

Culture

Many residents in Xiaolan cultivate chrysanthemums.[citation needed] On occasion, they provide chrysanthemum-themed banquets.[citation needed] They also create a number of chrysanthemum-themed poems and drawings.[citation needed]

Sports

The town has more than 70 public sports facilities, and 21 gymnasiums.[1]

The Xiaolan Integrated Sports Centre was established in 1994, and has hosted a number of national and international ping-pong tournaments since then.[citation needed]

Historical attractions

Transportation

The town's railway station, Xiaolan railway station is situated on the Guangzhou–Zhuhai intercity railway.[1]

Gallery

See also

References

  1. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q 小榄镇经济社会发展总体情况简介 [Brief Introduction to the Overall Situation of Economic and Social Development of Xiaolan] (in Chinese). Zhongshan Municipal People's Government. 2020-03-25. Archived from the original on 2020-02-07. Retrieved 2020-02-07.
  2. ^ a b c d e "SPECIAL REPORT-China's new migrant workers pushing the line". Reuters. 2010-07-05. Archived from the original on 2021-07-20. Retrieved 2021-07-20.
  3. ^ a b c d Soble, Jonathan; Mitchell, Tom (2010-06-18). "Labour unrest spreads at Toyota China supplier". www.ft.com. Financial Times. Archived from the original on 2021-07-20. Retrieved 2021-07-20.
  4. ^ 2020年统计用区划代码和城乡划分代码(小榄镇) [2020 Statistical Division Codes and Urban-rural Division Codes (Xiaolan)] (in Chinese). National Bureau of Statistics of China. 2020. Archived from the original on 2021-02-07. Retrieved 2021-02-07.
  5. ^ a b c 文化之城 [City Culture] (in Chinese). Zhongshan Municipal People's Government. 2020-03-25. Archived from the original on 2021-02-07. Retrieved 2021-02-07.