Yuan of the Red Army Command
Chinese: 紅軍圓 / 紅軍票; pinyin: Hóngjūnyuán / Hóngjūnpiào
100 yuan of 1946 year with a control mark
Banknotes1, 5, 10, 100 yuan
CoinsNot issued
Date of introduction24 August 1945
ReplacedManchukuo yuan
Date of withdrawal3 March 1946 - 31 December 1949
Replaced byNorth-eastern yuan
User(s)Soviet Union Chinese Manchuria under Soviet control
Central bankCommand of the Red Army in Manchuria
This infobox shows the latest status before this currency was rendered obsolete.

Yuan of the Red Army Command (Chinese: 紅軍圓; pinyin: Hóngjūnyuán, also called Chinese: 紅軍票; pinyin: Hóngjūnpiào) are banknotes issued by the Soviet military command in Northeast China in 1945–1946.


In February 1945, at the Yalta Conference, the Soviet Union undertook to enter the war with Japan no later than 3 months after the defeat of Germany. On August 8, the USSR declared war on Japan; on August 9, hostilities began in Manchuria. By August 20, 1945, the main hostilities ended, and individual clashes continued until September 10. Soviet troops occupied Manchuria.

Money circulation in China was in a chaotic state, a single emission center did not exist. In Manchuria, the yuan of Manchukuo and the money of other puppet Chinese governments were in circulation. To pay for purchases of food and other goods and services needed to provide Soviet military units, the Soviet military command launched the release of military money. Banknotes of 1, 5, 10 and 100 yuan were issued, printed in the USSR. On banknotes with colored patterns - inscriptions in hieroglyphs.

The issue was made until May 1946 and was stopped with the withdrawal of the Soviet troops, by this time denominations of 1 and 5 yuan due to inflation were practically not used in circulation. Banknotes of 10 and 100 yuan with stickers affixed with signs continued to be used in circulation until the issuance of new banknotes in China.[1][2][3][4]

List of banknotes

Юань Командования Красной армии
Yuan of the Red Army Command
Picture Value Colour Size
1 blue 124х67 mm
5 brown 134х77 mm
10 red 156х83 mm
100 violet 168х94 mm

See also


  1. ^ Сенилов 1991, pp. 104–105.
  2. ^ Cuhaj 2008, p. 361.
  3. ^ "Сенилов Б. «Выпуски денежных знаков Советской армии в Северо-Восточном Китае и Корее»". сайт bonistikaweb.ru. Archived from the original on 2009-05-29.
  4. ^ "Колосов Л., Буря В. «Эмиссия военных денежных знаков для Дальнего Востока»". сайт dvbook.ru. Archived from the original on 2016-03-04.


Preceded by:
Manchukuo yuan
Reason: Soviet invasion of Manchuria and the Surrender of Japan.
Currency of Manchuria
1945 – 1946
Succeeded by:
North-eastern yuan
Reason: Return of Manchuria to China.