16th Electromagnetic Warfare Squadron
16th Electromagnetic Warfare Squadron emblem.png
Emblem of the 16th Electromagnetic Warfare Squadron
Active1967–1994; 2007-Present
Country United States
Branch United States Space Force
RoleDetect and report electromagnetic interference with satellite communications systems
Size123
Part ofSpace Delta 3
Garrison/HQPeterson Space Force Base, Colorado
Motto(s)Tutamine Victoria Latin From a Strong Defense, Victory
DecorationsAir Force Outstanding Unit Award[1]
Commanders
Current
commander
Lt Col Marshall Tillis[2]
Insignia
16th Surveillance Squadron emblem[3]
16 Surveillance Sq emblem.png
Identification
symbol
16 Space Control Sq.jpg

The 16th Electromagnetic Warfare Squadron (16 EWS) is an active United States Space Force unit, stationed at Peterson Space Force Base, Colorado as part of the Space Delta 3. The squadron protects critical satellite communication links to detect, characterize, geolocate and report sources of electromagnetic interference on US military and commercial satellites. The squadron also provides combat-ready crews to deploy and employ defensive space electromagnetic warfare capabilities for theater combatant commanders. The squadron is Air Force Space Command's first defensive counterspace unit.

From 1967 through 1994, the squadron, originally the 16th Surveillance Squadron, operated the Cobra Dane space detection system at Shemya Air Force Base, Alaska.

Mission

The 16th Electromagnetic Warfare Squadron operates space electromagnetic warfare capabilities to achieve space superiority in support of theater campaigns and United States Strategic Command's space superiority mission. To achieve this, 16th operates the Rapid Attack Identification Detection Reporting System (RAIDRS) central operating location and up to six RAIDRS fixed ground stations and three deployable ground segments. The unit detects, characterizes, geolocation and electromagnetic interference for satellite communications systems, supporting combatant commanders. 16th SPCS operators can remotely control and task the fixed and deployable antenna suites from Peterson Air Force Base. Additionally, the three deployable systems are capable of sustained autonomous operations if connectivity is lost.[4]

History

Cobra Dane operation

The squadron was first organized at Shemya Air Force Station, Alaska as the 16th Surveillance Squadron and assigned to the 73d Aerospace Surveillance Wing of Air Defense Command.[1] The unit's mission was to operate the Cobra Dane long-range early warning radar system, used to track Soviet intercontinental ballistic missile launches. In April 1967, the 73d Wing was inactivated and the 16th was assigned directly to Fourteenth Aerospace Force.[1]

The 16th continued its mission under Air (later Aerospace) Defense Command until the command was disestablished in December 1979. Strategic Air Command assumed responsibility for strategic space defense assets and assigned the squadron to its 47th Air Division.[1] The unit was again reassigned in 1983, when the Air Force brought its space defense and communications units under Air Force Space Command, which assigned the squadron to the 1st Space Wing. In 1991, it was reassigned to the 73rd Space Surveillance Group. In 1992, the unit was designated the 16th Space Surveillance Squadron. It was inactivated in 1994.[1]

Rapid Attack Identification Detection Reporting System

The unit was reactivated at Peterson Air Force Base., Colorado in May 2007 under the 21st Space Wing[1] to operate the Air Force's Rapid Attack Identification Detection Reporting System (RAIDRS).

The RAIDRS prototype, designated the "Satellite Interference Response System" (SIRS), was initially deployed to United States Central Command (USCENTCOM)'s area of responsibility for a 120-day proof of concept. When the proof of concept proved to be a success, SIRS was redesignated RAIDRS Deployable Ground Segment-0 and has been continually deployed to USCENTCOM since then. In 2011, the Bounty Hunter system was delivered to USCENTCOM for added capability and the two comprise Operation Silent Sentry. Airmen from the 16th and its reserve associate, the 380th Space Control Squadron provide the preponderance of the required manpower for this mission.[5]

On 15 April 2022, the 16th Space Control Squadron was redesignated the 16th Electromagnetic Warfare Squadron.[6]

Lineage

Organized on 1 January 1967
Redesignated 16th Space Surveillance Squadron on 15 May 1992
Inactivated on 1 October 1994
Activated on 16 May 2007[1]

Assignments

Stations

Awards

Award streamer Award Dates Notes
AFOUA Streamer.JPG
Air Force Outstanding Unit Award 1 January 1974 – 31 May 1975 16th Surveillance Squadron[1]
AFOUA Streamer.JPG
Air Force Outstanding Unit Award 1 July 1980 – 30 June 1982 16th Surveillance Squadron[1]
AFOUA Streamer.JPG
Air Force Outstanding Unit Award 1 May 1983 – 30 April 1984 16th Surveillance Squadron[1]
AFOUA Streamer.JPG
Air Force Outstanding Unit Award 1 September 1989 – 31 August 1991 16th Surveillance Squadron[1]
AFOUA Streamer.JPG
Air Force Outstanding Unit Award 6 April 1993 16th Surveillance Squadron[1]

List of commanders

This list is incomplete; you can help by adding missing items. (June 2021)

References

Notes

  1. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n Robertson, Patsy (13 July 2009). "Factsheet 16 Space Control Sq (AFSPC)". Air Force Historical Research Agency. Retrieved 30 April 2018.
  2. ^ a b "16th SPCS changes command". Peterson Air Force Base.
  3. ^ "Approved insignia for: 16th Surveillance Squadron". National Archives Catalog. Retrieved 30 April 2018.
  4. ^ "Peterson AFB Library Factsheets: 16th Space Control Squadron". 21st Space Wing Public Affairs. Archived from the original on 25 October 2011. Retrieved 30 April 2018.
  5. ^ "Peterson AFB Library Factsheets: 16th Space Control Squadron". 21st Space Wing Public Affairs. 10 July 2015. Archived from the original on 25 October 2011. Retrieved 30 April 2018.
  6. ^ "4th, 5th and 16th SPCS Re-designation".
  7. ^ "Paul Tombarge". LinkedIn.
  8. ^ "Commander briefs education, safety tips for motorcyclists". 14 May 2015.
  9. ^ "16th SPCS: Defending space at high frequencies".
  10. ^ "16th Space Control Squadron Change of Command".
  11. ^ "16 SPCS receives new commander". DVIDS.

Bibliography

Public Domain This article incorporates public domain material from the Air Force Historical Research Agency website http://www.afhra.af.mil/.