Regular 65537-gon | |
---|---|

Type | Regular polygon |

Edges and vertices | 65537 |

Schläfli symbol | {65537} |

Coxeter–Dynkin diagrams | |

Symmetry group | Dihedral (D_{65537}), order 2×65537 |

Internal angle (degrees) | ≈179.994 507° |

Properties | Convex, cyclic, equilateral, isogonal, isotoxal |

Dual polygon | Self |

In geometry, a **65537-gon** is a polygon with 65,537 (2^{16} + 1) sides. The sum of the interior angles of any non–self-intersecting 65537-gon is 11796300°.

The area of a *regular 65537-gon* is (with *t* = edge length)

A whole regular 65537-gon is not visually discernible from a circle, and its perimeter differs from that of the circumscribed circle by about 15 parts per billion.

The regular 65537-gon (one with all sides equal and all angles equal) is of interest for being a constructible polygon: that is, it can be constructed using a compass and an unmarked straightedge. This is because 65,537 is a Fermat prime, being of the form 2^{2n} + 1 (in this case *n* = 4).
Thus, the values and are 32768-degree algebraic numbers, and like any constructible numbers, they can be written in terms of square roots and no higher-order roots.

Although it was known to Gauss by 1801 that the regular 65537-gon was constructible, the first explicit construction of a regular 65537-gon was given by Johann Gustav Hermes (1894). The construction is very complex; Hermes spent 10 years completing the 200-page manuscript.^{[1]} Another method involves the use of at most 1332 Carlyle circles, and the first stages of this method are pictured below. This method faces practical problems, as one of these Carlyle circles solves the quadratic equation *x*^{2} + *x* − 16384 = 0 (16384 being 2^{14}).^{[2]}

The *regular 65537-gon* has Dih_{65537} symmetry, order 131074. Since 65,537 is a prime number there is one subgroup with dihedral symmetry: Dih_{1}, and 2 cyclic group symmetries: Z_{65537}, and Z_{1}.

A 65537-gram is a 65,537-sided star polygon. As 65,537 is prime, there are 32,767 regular forms generated by Schläfli symbols {65537/*n*} for all integers 2 ≤ *n* ≤ 32768 as .