Regular octagram
A regular octagram
TypeRegular star polygon
Edges and vertices8
Schläfli symbol{8/3}
Coxeter–Dynkin diagrams
Symmetry groupDihedral (D8)
Internal angle (degrees)45°
Propertiesstar, cyclic, equilateral, isogonal, isotoxal
Dual polygonself

In geometry, an octagram is an eight-angled star polygon.

The name octagram combine a Greek numeral prefix, octa-, with the Greek suffix -gram. The -gram suffix derives from γραμμή (grammḗ) meaning "line".[1]


A regular octagram with each side length equal to 1

In general, an octagram is any self-intersecting octagon (8-sided polygon).

The regular octagram is labeled by the Schläfli symbol {8/3}, which means an 8-sided star, connected by every third point.


These variations have a lower dihedral, Dih4, symmetry:


(45 degree rotation)


An old Flag of Chile contained this octagonal star geometry with edges removed (the Guñelve).

The regular octagonal star is very popular as a symbol of rowing clubs in the Cologne Lowland, as seen on the club flag of the Cologne Rowing Association.

The geometry can be adjusted so 3 edges cross at a single point, like the Auseklis symbol

An 8-point compass rose can be seen as an octagonal star, with 4 primary points, and 4 secondary points.

The symbol Rub el Hizb is a Unicode glyph ۞  at U+06DE.

As a quasitruncated square

Deeper truncations of the square can produce isogonal (vertex-transitive) intermediate star polygon forms with equal spaced vertices and two edge lengths. A truncated square is an octagon, t{4}={8}. A quasitruncated square, inverted as {4/3}, is an octagram, t{4/3}={8/3}.[2]

The uniform star polyhedron stellated truncated hexahedron, t'{4,3}=t{4/3,3} has octagram faces constructed from the cube in this way. It may be considered for this reason as a three-dimensional analogue of the octagram.

Isogonal truncations of square and cube
Regular Quasiregular Isogonal Quasiregular



Regular Uniform Isogonal Uniform




Another three-dimensional version of the octagram is the nonconvex great rhombicuboctahedron (quasirhombicuboctahedron), which can be thought of as a quasicantellated (quasiexpanded) cube, t0,2{4/3,3}.

Star polygon compounds

There are two regular octagrammic star figures (compounds) of the form {8/k}, the first constructed as two squares {8/2}=2{4}, and second as four degenerate digons, {8/4}=4{2}. There are other isogonal and isotoxal compounds including rectangular and rhombic forms.

Regular Isogonal Isotoxal



{8/2} or 2{4}, like Coxeter diagrams + , can be seen as the 2D equivalent of the 3D compound of cube and octahedron, + , 4D compound of tesseract and 16-cell, + and 5D compound of 5-cube and 5-orthoplex; that is, the compound of a n-cube and cross-polytope in their respective dual positions.

Other presentations of an octagonal star

An octagonal star can be seen as a concave hexadecagon, with internal intersecting geometry erased. It can also be dissected by radial lines.

star polygon Concave Central dissections

Compound 2{4}


Regular {8/3}




Other uses

A big round white circle with faint rays around on a brown background. A black irregular shape stands on its left border. A black spot to its left issues six white spikes separated by 60 degrees and two fainter spikes in vertical.
The spikes are specially visible around Jupiter's moon Europa (on the left) in this NIRCam image.

See also

Stars generally


  1. ^ γραμμή, Henry George Liddell, Robert Scott, A Greek-English Lexicon, on Perseus
  2. ^ The Lighter Side of Mathematics: Proceedings of the Eugène Strens Memorial Conference on Recreational Mathematics and its History, (1994), Metamorphoses of polygons, Branko Grünbaum
  3. ^ Lawrence, Pete (13 September 2022). "Why do all the stars have 8 points in the James Webb images? An astronomer explains". BBC Science Focus Magazine. Retrieved 1 March 2023.