Ajoy Kumar Ghosh
General Secretary of Communist Party of India
In office
Preceded byChandra Rajeswara Rao
Succeeded byE. M. S. Namboodiripad
Personal details
Born(1909-02-20)20 February 1909
Bardhaman district, West Bengal, India
Died13 January 1962(1962-01-13) (aged 52)
Political partyCommunist Party of India

Ajoy Kumar Ghosh (Bengali: অজয়কুমার ঘোষ) (20 February 1909–13 January 1962[1]) was an Indian freedom fighter and prominent leader of the Communist Party of India. He was the general secretary of the Communist Party of India from 1954 to 1962.[2]

Early life

Ghosh was born in Mihijam village of Bardhaman district in the state of West Bengal, India.[3] He went with his father Doctor Shachindranath Ghosh to Kanpur.[4]

Political life

In 1926, before entering Allahabad University, Ghosh met Bhagat Singh and Batukeshwar Dutt. He was a member of Hindustan Socialist Republican Association. He was arrested and later imprisoned after Lahore Conspiracy Case trial in 1929 but released due to lack of evidence. He was again arrested in 1931 and came into contact with Srinivas Sardeshai in prison. After release, he joined in the Communist Party of India.[4] In 1934, he was elected to the Central Committee of the CPI and in 1936 he was elected to its Polit Bureau. In 1938, Ghosh became the member of the editorial board of the Party's mouthpiece, the National Front. He was the General Secretary of the Communist Party of India from 1951 till his death in 1962. He was leading the Communist Party of India during the China-India war in 1962.[5][6] He was the prominent person in the centrist faction before the split of the Communist Party of India (Marxist) from the Communist Party of India.[3]


  1. ^ Anil Rajimwale (26 December 2009). "Ajoy Ghosh: The Creative Marxist". Mainstream Weekly.
  2. ^ Pyotr Kutsobin (1987). Ajoy Kumar Ghosh and Communist movement in India. Sterling Publishers, New D]elhi. OL 2508703M.
  3. ^ a b "Ajoy Ghosh - Mainstream". www.mainstreamweekly.net. Retrieved 26 February 2022.
  4. ^ a b Vol - I, Subodh C. Sengupta & Anjali Basu (2002). Sansad Bangali Charitavidhan (Bengali). Kolkata: Sahitya Sansad. p. 5. ISBN 81-85626-65-0.
  5. ^ The India-China Border Dispute and the Communist Party of India: Resolutions, Statements and Speeches, 1959-1963 (Communist Party of India, 1963), 61-96
  6. ^ “The Sino-Indian Border Dispute,” B. 644 (R) November, 1962, 4, India, CPR 12-61-12-62 folder 3 of 4, Papers of President Kennedy, National Security File, Robert Komer, Box 420, John F. Kennedy Library.
Party political offices Preceded byChandra Rajeswara Rao General Secretary of Communist Party of India 1951 — 1954 Succeeded byE. M. S. Namboodiripad