Ajoy Kumar Ghosh
|General Secretary of Communist Party of India|
|Preceded by||Chandra Rajeswara Rao|
|Succeeded by||E. M. S. Namboodiripad|
|Born||20 February 1909|
Bardhaman district, West Bengal, India
|Died||13 January 1962(aged 52)|
|Political party||Communist Party of India|
|Part of a series on|
|Communism in India|
Ajoy Kumar Ghosh (Bengali: অজয়কুমার ঘোষ) (20 February 1909–13 January 1962) was an Indian freedom fighter and prominent leader of the Communist Party of India. He was the general secretary of the Communist Party of India from 1954 to 1962.
Ghosh was born in Mihijam village of Bardhaman district in the state of West Bengal, India. He went with his father Doctor Shachindranath Ghosh to Kanpur.
In 1926, before entering Allahabad University, Ghosh met Bhagat Singh and Batukeshwar Dutt. He was a member of Hindustan Socialist Republican Association. He was arrested and later imprisoned after Lahore Conspiracy Case trial in 1929 but released due to lack of evidence. He was again arrested in 1931 and came into contact with Srinivas Sardeshai in prison. After release, he joined in the Communist Party of India. In 1934, he was elected to the Central Committee of the CPI and in 1936 he was elected to its Polit Bureau. In 1938, Ghosh became the member of the editorial board of the Party's mouthpiece, the National Front. He was the General Secretary of the Communist Party of India from 1951 till his death in 1962. He was leading the Communist Party of India during the China-India war in 1962 and supported China's position instead of that of India. He was the prominent person in the centrist faction before the split of the Communist Party of India (Marxist) from the Communist Party of India.