An anti-fan, hater, or anti[1][2][3] is someone who enjoys writing, discussing or in some cases making derivative works about a piece of media, but solely for the purpose of railing against or parodying it. Someone who opposes a ship (a romantic pairing between two characters) is called an anti-shipper.[1][4]

It can also be a person with hatred towards a celebrity or icon.[5] Haters often attract other haters to create a negative community.

There is a common saying that "haters attract haters," which suggests that individuals who express negativity or hostility may draw similar reactions from others. This idea is rooted in the concept of reciprocity, where negative energy or behavior can be mirrored and reciprocated by those who encounter it. These haters are often found in negative communities and thrive off of their own negativity.

Behaviours

Anti-fandoms appear in many forms from hate-watching to snark.[6]

It is common for large anti-fandoms to gather in groups, usually on forums and sites, to share their mutual aversion. These are coined anti-fan clubs and some are substantial enough to become anti-fan sites.[7]

Behaviours of some anti-fans include doxing, stalking, spreading rumours, stealing their personal belongings or information, abuse or physical harassment.[8]

Examples

In 2006, an anti-fan of the K-pop duo TVXQ poisoned member Yunho with a super glue-laced drink.[9][10] Instead of pressing charges against the anti-fan, he chose to forgive her, since the girl was the same age as his younger sister.[11] Such occurrences have resulted in an increase of security for celebrities in South Korea.[12]

In popular culture

Both the film and TV version of So I Married an Anti-fan were based on the novel of the same name.[13][14]

Studies

Anti-fan studies include a focus on specific communities of practice and their relationship to the media texts and fans actively marginalizing or discrediting other fans solely on basis of identity (sex, race, etc.).[15]

See also

References

  1. ^ a b Z, Sean (October 3, 2018). "Toxic Fandom: When Criticism and Entitlement Go Too Far". GeekDad. Retrieved January 4, 2023.
  2. ^ Stitch (November 7, 2022). "Think Your Fave Fictional Villain Is the Real Hero? Think Again". Teen Vogue. Retrieved January 4, 2023.
  3. ^ Evans, Claire H. (June 3, 2020). "The BTS Fandom Needs to Check Its Anti-Blackness". Teen Vogue. Retrieved January 4, 2023.
  4. ^ Aburime, Samantha (September 14, 2021). "The cult structure of the American anti". Transformative Works and Cultures. 36. doi:10.3983/twc.2021.2147.
  5. ^ This modern life: the rise of the anti-fan|From The Observer|The Guardian
  6. ^ "Anti-Fandom: Dislike and Hate in the Digital Age". NYU Press. Retrieved January 24, 2021.
  7. ^ Dr Stijn Reijnders; Dr Koos Zwaan; Dr Linda Duits, eds. (September 28, 2014). The Ashgate Research Companion to Fan Cultures. ISBN 9781409455622 – via Google Books.
  8. ^ "10 chilling instances of anti-fans' attacks". allkpop. July 7, 2015.
  9. ^ "TVXQ Member Recovers from Poisoning". KBS Global (in Korean). October 16, 2006. Archived from the original on November 13, 2006. Retrieved February 16, 2007.
  10. ^ "U-Know Yunho, Bond drinks case of questions of". Daum (in Korean). October 15, 2006. Archived from the original on November 13, 2006. Retrieved February 16, 2007.
  11. ^ "告訴你這7位曾瀕死亡體驗的KPOP IDOL死亡事件經過" [Tell you about the death of these 7 KPOP IDOLs who had near-death experiences]. March 5, 2015.
  12. ^ "'Anti-fans' force managers to increase stars' security". Korea JoongAng Daily. Retrieved June 23, 2017.
  13. ^ "SBS Responds To Reports About Broadcast Schedule For "So I Married An Anti-Fan"". Soompi.
  14. ^ Every Common K-Drama Trope In ‘So I Married An Anti-Fan’ - Screen Rant
  15. ^ Suzanne Scott (April 16, 2019). Fake Geek Girls: Fandom, Gender, and the Convergence Culture Industry. ISBN 9781479879571 – via Google Books.