Honorable Senate of the Argentine Nation
Honorable Senado de la Nación Argentina
First Minority Leader
Second Minority Leader
Length of term
|14 November 2021|
|Chamber of Senators, Congress Palace,|
Buenos Aires, Argentina
The Honorable Senate of the Nation of Argentina (Spanish: Honorable Senado de la Nación Argentina) is the upper house of the National Congress of Argentina.
The National Senate was established by the Argentine Confederation on July 29, 1854, pursuant to Articles 46 to 54 of the 1853 Constitution. There are 72 members: three for each province and three for the Autonomous City of Buenos Aires. The number of senators per province was raised from two to three following the 1994 amendment of the Argentine Constitution as well as the addition of the Autonomous City of Buenos Aires' senators. Those changes took effect following the May 14, 1995, general elections.
Senators are elected to six-year terms by direct election on a provincial basis, with the party with the most votes being awarded two of the province's senate seats and the second-place party receiving the third seat. Historically, Senators were indirectly elected to nine-year terms by each provincial legislature. These provisions were abrogated by a 1994 constitutional amendment, and direct elections to the Senate took effect in 2001. Currently one-third of the members are elected every two years. One-third of the provinces hold senatorial elections every two years; there are no term limits.
The Vice President of the Republic is ex officio President of the Senate, with a casting vote in the event of a tie. In practice, the Provisional President presides over the chamber most of the time.
The Senate must obtain quorum to deliberate, this being an absolute majority. It has the power to approve bills passed by the Chamber of Deputies, call for joint sessions with the Lower House or special sessions with experts and interested parties, and submit bills for the president's signature; bills introduced in the Senate must, in turn, be approved by the Lower House for their submittal to the president. The Senate must introduce any changes to federal revenue sharing policies, ratify international treaties, approve changes to constitutional or federal criminal laws, as well as confirm or impeach presidential nominees to the cabinet, the judiciary, the armed forces, and the diplomatic corps, among other federal posts.
There are twenty-four standing committees made up of fifteen members each, namely:
According to Section 55 of the Argentine Constitution, candidates for the Argentine Senate must:
Main article: List of current Argentine senators
|Frente de Todos (35)||José Mayans|
|Juntos por el Cambio (33)
(President: Alfredo Cornejo)
|Radical Civic Union (18)||Luis Petcoff Naidenoff|
|PRO Front (1)||Humberto Schiavoni|
|Chubut Integration and Development (2)||Ignacio Torres|
|October the 8th Justicialist (1)||Juan Carlos Romero|
|Neuquén Movement (1)||Carmen Lucila Crexell|
|Party for Social Justice (1)||Beatriz Ávila|
|Production and Labour (1)||Roberto Basualdo|
|Front for the Renewal of Concord (1)||Magdalena Solari|
|We Have a Future Argentina (1)||Clara Vega|
|We Do for Córdoba (1)||Alejandra Vigo|
|Together We Are Río Negro (1)||Alberto Weretilneck|
|Source: senado.gob.ar (last update: 23 December 2021)|
The current members of the Senate were elected in 2017, 2019 and 2021.
The titular President of the Senate is the Vice President of Argentina. However, day to day leadership of the Senate is exercised by the Provisional President.
Current leadership positions include:
|President of the Senate||Cristina Fernández de Kirchner||Frente de Todos||Buenos Aires Province|
|Provisional President||Claudia Ledesma Abdala||Frente de Todos||Santiago del Estero|
|Vice President||Carolina Losada||Juntos por el Cambio||Santa Fe|
|First Vice President||Maurice Closs||Frente de Todos||Misiones|
|Second Vice President||Guadalupe Tagliaferri||Juntos por el Cambio||Buenos Aires|
|Parliamentary Secretary||Marcelo Fuentes||—|
|Administrative Secretary||María Luz Alonso|
|First Minority Leader||José Mayans||Frente de Todos||Formosa|
|Second Minority Leader||Alfredo Cornejo||Juntos por el Cambio||Mendoza|