Senate of the Nation

Senado de la Nación
2021–2023 period
Type
Type
Term limits
None
Leadership
Cristina Fernández de Kirchner, FDT
since 10 December 2019
Claudia Ledesma Abdala, FDT
since 10 December 2019
First Minority Leader
José Mayans, FDT
since 10 December 2019
Second Minority Leader
Alfredo Cornejo, UCRJxC
since 10 December 2021
Structure
Seats72 (List)
Political groups
Government (35)
  •   Frente de Todos (35)

Independents (3)

Opposition (34)

  •   JxC (33)
  •   Hay Futuro (1)
Length of term
6 years
Elections
Limited voting
Last election
14 November 2021
(24 seats)
Meeting place
Chamber of Senators, Congress Palace,
Buenos Aires, Argentina
Website
senado.gob.ar
The Alfredo Palacios Senate Office Building
The Alfredo Palacios Senate Office Building

The Senate (Spanish: Senado de la Nación) is the upper house of the National Congress of Argentina.

Overview

The National Senate was established by the Argentine Confederation on July 29, 1854, pursuant to Articles 46 to 54 of the 1853 Constitution.[1] There are 72 members: three for each province and three for the Autonomous City of Buenos Aires. The number of senators per province was raised from two to three following the 1994 amendment of the Argentine Constitution, and the change took effect following the May 14, 1995, general elections.

Senators are elected to six-year terms by direct election on a provincial basis, with the party with the most votes being awarded two of the province's senate seats and the second-place party receiving the third seat. Historically, Senators were indirectly elected to nine-year terms by each provincial legislature. These provisions were abrogated by a 1994 constitutional amendment, and direct elections to the Senate took effect in 2001. Currently one-third of the members are elected every two years. One-third of the provinces hold senatorial elections every two years; there are no term limits.

The Vice President of the Republic is ex officio President of the Senate, with a casting vote in the event of a tie. In practice, the Provisional President presides over the chamber most of the time.

The Senate must obtain quorum to deliberate, this being an absolute majority. It has the power to approve bills passed by the Chamber of Deputies, call for joint sessions with the Lower House or special sessions with experts and interested parties, and submit bills for the president's signature; bills introduced in the Senate must, in turn, be approved by the Lower House for their submittal to the president. The Senate must introduce any changes to federal revenue sharing policies, ratify international treaties, approve changes to constitutional or federal criminal laws, as well as confirm or impeach presidential nominees to the cabinet, the judiciary, the armed forces, and the diplomatic corps, among other federal posts.[2]

There are twenty-four standing committees made up of fifteen members each, namely:[2]

Requirements

According to Section 55 of the Argentine Constitution, candidates for the Argentine Senate must:

Composition

Main article: List of current Argentine senators

Inter-bloc Bloc President
Frente de Todos (35) José Mayans
Juntos por el Cambio (33)
(President: Alfredo Cornejo)
Radical Civic Union (18) Luis Petcoff Naidenoff
PRO Front (1) Humberto Schiavoni
Chubut Integration and Development (2) Ignacio Torres
October the 8th Justicialist (1) Juan Carlos Romero
Neuquén Movement (1) Carmen Lucila Crexell
Party for Social Justice (1) Beatriz Ávila
Production and Labour (1) Roberto Basualdo
Front for the Renewal of Concord (1) Magdalena Solari
We Have a Future Argentina (1) Clara Vega
We Do for Córdoba (1) Alejandra Vigo
Together We Are Río Negro (1) Alberto Weretilneck
Source: senado.gob.ar (last update: 23 December 2021)

The current members of the Senate were elected in 2017, 2019 and 2021.

Senate leadership

The titular President of the Senate is the Vice President of Argentina. However, day to day leadership of the Senate is exercised by the Provisional President.

Current leadership positions include:[3]

Title Officeholder Caucus Province
President of the Senate Cristina Fernández de Kirchner Frente de Todos  Buenos Aires Province
Provisional President Claudia Ledesma Abdala Frente de Todos  Santiago del Estero
Vice President Carolina Losada Juntos por el Cambio  Santa Fe
First Vice President Maurice Closs Frente de Todos  Misiones
Second Vice President Guadalupe Tagliaferri Juntos por el Cambio  Buenos Aires
Parliamentary Secretary Marcelo Fuentes N/A
Administrative Secretary María Luz Alonso
First Minority Leader José Mayans Frente de Todos  Formosa
Second Minority Leader Alfredo Cornejo Juntos por el Cambio  Mendoza

See also

References

  1. ^ "Sesiónes preparatorias e incorporación y juramento de los senadores electos". Argentine Senate. Archived from the original on 2009-07-18.
  2. ^ a b "National Senate Regulations" (PDF). Argentine Senate. Archived from the original (PDF) on 2012-05-24.
  3. ^ "Autoridades". Honorable Senado de la Nación. Retrieved January 5, 2020.

Coordinates: 34°36′38″S 58°23′28″W / 34.6105°S 58.3910°W / -34.6105; -58.3910