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Senate

Sénat
Type
Type
History
Founded1960 and 2003[1]
Leadership
Modeste Bahati Lukwebo
since 5 March 2021
Structure
Political groups
  •   FCC (99)
  •   PCL (6)
  •   Coalition for Change (3)
  •   Senator for life (1)
Length of term
5 years
Elections
Indirect election
Meeting place
Sénat
Palais du Peuple
Kinshasa
Website
Official website

Coordinates: 4°19′56″S 15°18′11″E / 4.3322°S 15.3031°E / -4.3322; 15.3031

The Senate is the upper house of the Parliament of the Democratic Republic of the Congo. The senate was established in 1960, abolished in 1967 and re-established in 2003.[1]

During the transition period in the Democratic Republic of the Congo (2003 - 2006), the Senate, aside from its Legislative role, also had the task of drafting the country's new constitution. This task came to fruition with the adoption of the draft in Parliament in May 2005, and its approval by the Congolese people, in a successful democratic referendum on 18 and 19 December 2005.

The current President of the Senate is Modeste Bahati Lukwebo, elected in 5 March 2021. The Secretary General is David Byaza Sanda Lutala. The most recent Senate was sworn in on January 28, 2019.[2][3]

Election

Charles Mwando Nsimba addressing the Senate with Léon Kengo presiding, 2009
Charles Mwando Nsimba addressing the Senate with Léon Kengo presiding, 2009

Senators were elected under the new constitution on 19 January 2007 by the provincial parliaments of their respective provinces. Members of the Senate are indirectly elected by the Provincial Assemblies. Each of the 25 provinces proper elects four senators and the city-province of Kinshasa elects eight. Elected senators serve five year terms.[4] Former presidents may sit as senators for life.

Transitional Senate

Composition of the Transitional Senate of the Democratic Republic of the Congo
Seats
Movement for the Liberation of Congo (Mouvement pour la Liberation du Congo) 22
Government 22
Political opposition 22
Congolese Rally for Democracy (Rassemblement Congolais pour la Democratie) 21
Civil Society 21
Maï-Maï 4
Congolese Rally for Democracy/Kisangani Liberation Movement (Rassemblement des Congolais pour la Démocratie/ Kisangani Mouvement de Libération) 3
Rally of Congolese for Democracy-National (Rassemblement des Congolais pour la Démocratie – National) 1
Total 120

See also

References

  1. ^ a b "HISTORIQUE". www.senat.cd.
  2. ^ "After election upheaval, DR Congo inaugurates new Parliament". ewn.co.za.
  3. ^ "After election upheaval, DR Congo inaugurates new parliament". Daily Monitor.
  4. ^ "Democratic Republic of the Congo". New Parline: the IPU’s Open Data Platform (beta). July 5, 2018.