Batil (Arabic: باطل) is an Arabic word meaning falsehood,[1] and can be used to describe a nullified or invalid act or contract according to the sharia.[2][3]

In contract law, the opposite of batil is sahih.[4] Batil can be distinguished from fasid ("defective") in that a fasid contract might go through completion, whereas a batil contract would not.[5]


  1. ^ Rahbar, Daud (1960). God of Justice. Brill Archive. pp. 32–. GGKEY:THEE2Y1P63X.
  2. ^ Frank E. Vogel; Samuel L. Hayes (1 January 1998). Islamic Law and Finance: Religion, Risk, and Return. BRILL. pp. 298–. ISBN 90-411-0547-6.
  3. ^ Raj Bhala (2011). Understanding Islamic Law: Sharīʻa. LexisNexis. pp. 296–. ISBN 978-1-4224-1748-5.
  4. ^ Muhammad Ayub (18 August 2009). Understanding Islamic Finance. John Wiley & Sons. pp. 205–. ISBN 978-0-470-68771-0.
  5. ^ The Calcutta Law Journal: Reports of Cases Decided by the Judicial Committee of the Privy Council on Appeals from India and by the High Court of Judicature at Fort William in Bengal. Calcutta law journal office. 1905. pp. 300–.