Ḥakīm and Ḥākim are two Arabic titles derived from the same triliteral root Ḥ-K-M "appoint, choose, judge".

Hakīm (حكيم)

This title is one of the 99 Names of God in Islam.

Hakīm (alternative transcription Hakeem) indicates a "wise man" or "physician", or in general, a practitioner of herbal medicine, especially of Unani and Islamic medicine, like Hakim Ajmal Khan, Hakim Said, Hakim Syed Zillur Rahman, etc.

Hakīm or Hakeem (Urdu: حکیم, Hindi: हकीम) is also used for practitioner of Eastern medicine,[1] those versed in indigenous system of medicines.[2]

Hakīm was also used more generally during the Islamic Golden Age to refer to polymath scholars who were knowledgeable in religion, medicine, the sciences, and Islamic philosophy.

Some examples of hakīm are:


Hākim (حاكم)

Hākim (alternative transcription Hakem) means a ruler, governor or judge. As with many titles, it also occurs as a part of the names of many individuals.

In Arab countries



As with many titles, the word also occurs in many personal names, without any noble or political significance.

See also


  1. ^ "حکیم | Urdu to English Translation - Oxford Dictionaries". Oxford Urdu Living Dictionary.[dead link]
  2. ^ "Universities of the World Outside the U.S.A". 1950.
  3. ^ Philip Carl Salzman, "Politics and Change among the Baluch in Iran", June 20, 2008.