Farḍ (Arabic: فرض) or farīḍah (فريضة) or fardh in Islam is a religious duty commanded by God. The word is also used in Turkish, Persian, Pashto, Urdu, Hindi, Bangla (spelled farz or faraz), and Malay (spelled fardu or fardhu) in the same meaning. Muslims who obey such commands or duties are said to receive hasanat (حسنة), ajr (أجر) or thawab (ثواب) for each good deed.

Fard or its synonym wājib (واجب) is one of the five types of ahkam (أحكام) into which fiqh categorizes acts of every Muslim. The Hanafi fiqh, however, does not consider both terms to be synonymous, and makes a distinction between wajib and fard, the latter being obligatory and the former slightly lesser degree than being obligatory.[1][2]

Individual duty and sufficiency

The Fiqh distinguishes two sorts of duties:

Examples of fard acts

  1. Salah (daily prayer, including Friday prayer)
  2. Zakat (giving alms)
  3. Sawm (fasting during Ramadan)
  4. Hajj (pilgrimage to Mecca)
  5. Protecting one's children

See also

Ahkam

Other religions

References

  1. ^ Ebrahim, Mufti (2002-04-28). "Albalagh.net". Albalagh.net. Archived from the original on 2019-01-16. Retrieved 2019-01-29.
  2. ^ Sunnipath.com Archived 2007-09-29 at the Wayback Machine
  3. ^ "Fard al-Ayn". The Oxford Dictionary of Islam. Oxford University Press. Archived from the original on 21 June 2019. Retrieved 21 June 2019.
  4. ^ Salim, Al-Hadhrami (1841). Safeenat Al-Najah.
  5. ^ "Fard al-Kifayah". The Oxford Dictionary of Islam. Oxford University Press. Archived from the original on 21 June 2019. Retrieved 21 June 2019.