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Contemporary Islamic philosophy revives some of the trends of medieval Islamic philosophy, notably the tension between Mutazilite and Asharite views of ethics in science and law, and the duty of Muslims and role of Islam in the sociology of knowledge and in forming ethical codes and legal codes, especially the fiqh (or "jurisprudence") and rules of jihad (or "just war"). See list of Islamic terms in Arabic for a glossary of key terms used in Islam.

Key figures of modern Islamic philosophy

Key figures from different regions, representing important trends include:

South Asia

South Asia

Europe

Shia World

Arab world

Citations

  1. ^ Maribel Fierro, "Heresy in al-Andalus." Taken from The Legacy of Muslim Spain, pg. 905. Ed. Salma Jayyusi. Leiden: Brill Publishers, 1994.
  2. ^ Majid Fakhry, "Celebrating Ibn Rushd's Eight-Hundredth Anniversary," Archived 28 September 2013 at the Wayback Machine pg. 168. The American Journal of Islamic Social Sciences, vol. 15, iss. 2, pgs. 167–169. Conference report.