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Islamic toilet etiquette is a set of personal hygiene rules in Islam followed when going to the toilet. This code of Muslim hygienical jurisprudence is known as Qaḍāʾ al-Ḥājah (قضاء الحاجة).
The only requirement of the Qur'an is the washing of one's hands and face with pure earth if water is not available.[non-primary source needed] Issues of chirality (bodily symmetry), such as whether one uses the left or right hand, and which foot is used to step into or out of toilet areas, are derived from hadith sources.
A Muslim must first find an acceptable place away from standing water, people's pathways, or shade. They are advised that it is better to enter the area with the left foot, facing away from the Qiblah (prayer point). It is reported in the hadith of Bukhari that whenever Muhammad went to the toilet, he said, Bismillahi Allahumma Inni A’uth Bika Minal Khubsi Wal Khabais ("In the name of Allah, O Allah! I seek refuge/protection with/in You from all offensive and wicked things") (alternate translation: "from evil deeds and evil spirits" and "from the male and female unclean spirits"). Following this prophetic ideal, Muslims are advised to say this Dua for bathroom before entering into the toilet.
While on the toilet, one must remain silent. Talking, answering greetings, or greeting others is strongly discouraged. When defecating together, two men cannot converse, nor look at each other's genitals. Eating any food while on the toilet is strictly forbidden.
The anus must be washed with water using the left hand or with an odd number of smooth stones/pebbles (if water is unavailable) called jamrah or hijaarah,(Sahih Al-Bukhari 161, Book 4, Hadith 27) after defecating. It is now more common to wipe with tissues and also use water. Similarly, the penis or vulva must be washed with water with the left hand after urinating. This washing is known as istinja, and is commonly done using a vessel sometimes known as a Aftabeh/Lota/ bodna.
When leaving the toilet, one is advised to leave with the right foot, and say a Dua for leaving bathroom/toilet –Al hamdu lillahil laji aja-ba annill Aja Wa AA Fani.
"Praise be to Allah who relieved me of the filth and gave me relief."