Musa 'Blue Java'
Blue Java banana strands in Maui, Hawaii.
Hybrid parentageMusa acuminata × balbisiana
Cultivar groupABB Group[1]
Cultivar'Blue Java'
OriginSoutheast Asia down to Northern Australia
Ripe Blue Java fruit at the Maui County Fair, Kahului, Maui, Hawaii.
Ripe Blue Java fruit at the Maui County Fair, Kahului, Maui, Hawaii.
Blue Java banana in Maui, Hawaii.
Blue Java banana in Maui, Hawaii.

The Blue Java (also known as blue bananas, Ice Cream banana, Hawaiian banana, Ney Mannan, Krie, or Cenizo) is a hardy, cold-tolerant banana cultivar known for its sweet aromatic fruit, which is said to have an ice cream-like consistency and flavor reminiscent of vanilla.[2][3] It is native to Southeast Asia and is a hybrid of two species of banana native to Southeast Asia — Musa balbisiana and Musa acuminata.

Taxonomy and nomenclature

The Blue Java banana is a triploid (ABB)[1] hybrid of the seeded banana Musa balbisiana and Musa acuminata.[4]

Its accepted name is Musa acuminata × balbisiana (ABB Group) 'Blue Java'.

Synonyms include:

In Hawaii it is known as the 'Ice Cream banana' and in Fiji as the 'Hawaiian banana'. It is also called 'Krie' in the Philippines and 'Cenizo' in Central America.

Description

Blue Java bananas can grow to a height of 4.5 to 6 metres (15 to 20 ft). They are cold-tolerant and, like tall bananas of the ABB Group, are wind-resistant because of their strong pseudostems and root systems. The leaves are silvery green in color.[2][3]

The fruit bunches are small, bearing seven to nine hands. The fruit are 18 to 23 centimetres (7 to 9 in) in length and exhibit a characteristic silvery blue color when unripe. The fruit turn a pale yellow when ripe, with white creamy flesh. They bloom around 15 to 24 months after planting and can be harvested after 115 to 150 days.

Uses

Blue Java bananas are popular bananas that can be eaten fresh or cooked. They are known for their fragrant flavour which has a vanilla-like custard taste.[3] The fruit goes well with ice cream.

They are also popular as ornamentals and shade plants for their unusual blue coloration, large size, and tolerance to temperate climates.[5]

Pests and diseases

Common pests

Common diseases

See also

References

  1. ^ a b Daniells, Jeffrey (1995). Illustrated Guide to the Identification of Banana Varieties in the South Pacific. Canberra, Australia: Australian Centre for International Agricultural Research. ISBN 1-86320-138-6.
  2. ^ a b "BANANA". California Rare Fruit Growers, Inc. 1996. Archived from the original on 17 October 2020. Retrieved 12 January 2011.
  3. ^ a b c "Musa sp. 'Ice Cream' 'Blue Java' banana". Stokes Tropicals. Archived from the original on 9 April 2010. Retrieved 12 January 2011.
  4. ^ Michel H. Porcher; Prof. Snow Barlow (2002-07-19). "Sorting Musa names". The University of Melbourne. Retrieved 11 January 2011.
  5. ^ "Musa Blue Java (Ice Cream)". International Banana Society. Retrieved 12 January 2011.