Bo Burnham
Bo Burnham Montaclair Film Festival (cropped).jpg
Burnham in 2018
Born
Robert Pickering Burnham

1990[1]
Occupation
  • Comedian
  • musician
  • filmmaker
Years active2006–present
Partner(s)Lorene Scafaria
(2013–present)
Comedy career
Medium
  • Stand-up
  • television
  • film
  • music
Genres
Musical career
Genres
Instrument(s)
  • Vocals
  • piano
  • keyboards
  • guitar
LabelsComedy Central
YouTube information
Channel
Years active2006–present
Genre
  • Music
  • comedy
Subscribers3.28 million[2]
Total views655.1 million[2]
YouTube Silver Play Button 2.svg 100,000 subscribers 2008
YouTube Gold Play Button 2.svg 1,000,000 subscribers 2016

Last updated: September 18, 2022
WebsiteOfficial website Edit this at Wikidata

Robert Pickering "Bo" Burnham (born 1990[1]) is an American comedian, musician, and filmmaker. His work often combines elements of musical, sketch, and stand-up comedy with filmmaking. His comedy special Inside (2021) and the coming-of-age film Eighth Grade (2018) have received critical acclaim.

Burnham gained notability in the early 2010s for his satirical and subversive stand up and musical comedy, following early success on YouTube. He released four comedy albums between 2008 and 2013 on Comedy Central Records, produced three comedy specials—Words, Words, Words (2010), what. (2013), and Make Happy (2016)—and created the 2013 MTV mockumentary series Zach Stone Is Gonna Be Famous. He announced a career shift in 2016 and subsequently wrote and directed the critically acclaimed film Eighth Grade, released in 2018. As a filmmaker, he also directs live comedy specials. In 2020, he starred in the Academy Award-winning comedy thriller film Promising Young Woman.

His fourth special, Inside, was released on Netflix in 2021 and received widespread acclaim; it was nominated in six categories at the 73rd Emmy Awards, winning three: Outstanding Directing for a Variety Special, Outstanding Music Direction, and Outstanding Writing for a Variety Special. Inside was also nominated for 2 awards at the 64th Grammy Awards for Best Music Film and Best Song Written for Visual Media, winning the latter. Three songs from the special ("Bezos I", "All Eyes on Me", and "Welcome to the Internet") appeared on the Billboard charts and were certified gold in the United States, as was the accompanying album, Inside (The Songs).

Early life

Robert Pickering Burnham was born in 1990[1] in Hamilton, Massachusetts, the son of hospice nurse Patricia and construction company owner Scott Burnham.[3] His mother's work was covered in a 2014 episode of This American Life, for which she was interviewed.[4][5] He has an older sister named Samm and an older brother named Pete, both of whom work for the family's construction company.[6]

Burnham was raised Catholic and attended St. John's Preparatory School in Danvers, Massachusetts, where he received a free education due to his mother working as the school's nurse at the time.[5] He graduated in 2008, having been on the honor roll and involved in theater and the campus ministry program.[3][5][7] He was admitted to New York University's Tisch School of the Arts to study experimental theatre,[8] but deferred his admission for a year to pursue a career in comedy and eventually never attended the university.[9]

Career

Burnham at The Improv in September 2008
Burnham at The Improv in September 2008

2006–2008: Beginnings on YouTube

Burnham began his career on YouTube in 2006, with his videos gaining over 600 million views as of June 2022.[10]

In December 2006, Burnham wanted to show two songs he had written to his older brother Pete, who had moved away to attend university in New York City.[11] A friend suggested that he film himself performing the songs in his bedroom and post them on YouTube, which was then a relatively new website.[11] His song "My Whole Family..." quickly became popular when the link to its YouTube video was shared on Break.com, soon leading to it being shared on other sites.[3]

Accompanying himself on guitar or digital piano, Burnham continued to release self-described "pubescent musical comedy"[11] songs and videos online as his audience grew. Described in The Boston Globe as "simultaneously wholesome and disturbing, intimate in a folksy-creepy sort of way", Burnham wrote and released songs about white supremacy, Helen Keller's disabilities, homosexuality, and more.[3] All of Burnham's home-released videos were self-recorded in and around his family's home in Hamilton, Massachusetts, mostly in his bedroom,[3][5] and had an intentional "do-it-yourself [feel], almost like voyeurism".[12]

Burnham's music and performances tackle such subjects as class, race, gender, human sexuality, sex, and religion.[13] Burnham describes his on-stage persona as a "more arrogant, stuck-up version [of] himself".[14] When speaking with The Detroit News about his rapping, he expressed his intent to honor and respect the perspective and culture of hip-hop music.[15]

Burnham recorded a performance in London for Comedy Central's The World Stands Up in January 2008 (aired June 30),[3][16] making him the youngest person to do so at the age of 17,[17] and signed a four-record deal with Comedy Central Records.[18] Comedy Central Records released Burnham's first EP, the six-song Bo fo Sho, as an online release-only album on June 17, 2008.[9][11] Burnham's first full album, the self-titled Bo Burnham, was released on March 10, 2009.[19]

2009–2016: Stand up and comedy specials

Burnham in 2009
Burnham in 2009

Burnham has performed his music in the United States, including Cobb's Comedy Club, YouTube Live in San Francisco,[20] and Caroline's Comedy Club in New York City,[9] and internationally in London and Montreal. In August 2010, Burnham was nominated for "Best Comedy Show" at the 2010 Edinburgh Comedy Awards after his inaugural performance (of Bo Burnham: Words, Words, Words).[21] He instead received the "Panel Prize", a £5,000 prize for "the show or act who has most captured the comedy spirit of the 2010 Fringe".[22][23]

While performing at the Montreal Just for Laughs festival in 2008,[9] Burnham met with director and producer Judd Apatow.[24] That September, he negotiated with Universal Pictures to write and create the music for an Apatow-produced comedy film which he described as the "anti-High School Musical",[5][25] although he insisted that the script is not a parody of the Disney musicals, but rather an attempt to emulate the high school he attended. Hoping to also star in the film, Burnham told Wired that he named the lead character after himself in a "not-so-subtle hint".[26] In a March 2009 interview with Boston's Weekly Dig, he said that he was spending eight hours a day writing the music for the film and spending his evenings writing the script.[27] Burnham's high school friend Luke Liacos was co-writing the screenplay.[28] In an October 2010 interview with MTV, Burnham admitted that he did not know anything about the future of the project, and that it was all effectively up in the air as far as he knew.[29]

On March 3, 2009, 15 Westminster College students (members of the campus' Gay-Straight Alliance, Black Students Association, International Club, and Cultural Diversity Organization) protested his concert there that evening, due to his use of homophobic and racist terms in performances. Of the controversy, he said, "It's so ironic because gay bashers were the ones labeling me in high school. ... I try and write satire that's well-intentioned. But those intentions have to be hidden. It can't be completely clear and that's what makes it comedy." Despite the college's admission that they had booked Burnham while ignorant of his show's material, dean of students John Comerford praised the opportunities for discourse the controversy brought the school.[13][30] In May 2009, viral marketing began appearing for Funny People, in which Burnham starred in an NBC sitcom called Yo Teach! In the promo, he starred opposite Jason Schwartzman as a student in the latter's English class.[31]

Burnham performing in April 2012
Burnham performing in April 2012

On May 21, 2010, Burnham taped his first one-hour stand-up special, entitled Words Words Words,[32] for Comedy Central from the House of Blues in Boston as part of the network's new "House of Comedy" series of stand-up specials; it aired on Comedy Central on October 16, 2010, and was released for purchase two days later. Burnham finished in first place at the 2011 Comedy Central Stand-up Showdown.[33]

In 2013, Burnham wrote, executive-produced, and starred in Zach Stone Is Gonna Be Famous alongside Dan Lagana, Luke Liacos, and Dave Becky.[34][35] The series was cancelled after one season.[36] He also released a book of poetry called Egghead: Or, You Can't Survive on Ideas Alone.

His second special, what., was released on both Netflix and YouTube on December 17, 2013.[37]

Burnham's third special, Make Happy, was produced by Netflix and released on June 3, 2016.[38][39][40]

2017–2020: Filmmaking and Eighth Grade

Burnham wrote and directed his first feature film, Eighth Grade, which was produced and distributed by A24 and premiered at the Sundance Film Festival in January 2018.[41] The film has been universally acclaimed; among other accolades, it received the Writers Guild of America Award for Best Original Screenplay and the Directors Guild of America Award for Outstanding Directing – First-Time Feature Film.[42][43] It garnered a 99% approval rating on Rotten Tomatoes based on 316 ratings,[44][when?] and holds an average rating of 89 out of 100 on Metacritic.[45]

Burnham directed Jerrod Carmichael's comedy special 8 (2017) for HBO and Chris Rock's comedy special Tamborine (2018) for Netflix. In an interview with Vulture, he discussed his directorial outlook when directing a comedy special: "I approached [the special], which was me taking stock of the feelings that I get out of watching this person perform and asking, 'How can I recreate that for the audience as best as possible? How can I make a good container for the thing?' But the thing is being provided by them, so a lot of directing is just getting out of their way."[46]

In 2019, it was announced Burnham would contribute songs to the upcoming Sesame Street film.[47]

In 2020, Burnham played the protagonist's love interest Ryan Cooper in the black comedy revenge thriller film Promising Young Woman.[48] The film debuted at the Sundance Film Festival, where it received critical acclaim, and was later nominated for the Academy Award for Best Picture.[49][50] In an interview, Burnham stated, "This is a story I could never tell. This is a perspective I don't have. After doing my own things, it's like I really like the idea of, I just want to serve someone else's vision."[51]

In March 2021, Burnham was cast as Boston Celtics legend Larry Bird in Winning Time: The Rise of the Lakers Dynasty from HBO.[52] Due to scheduling conflicts, he left the series in August 2021.[53]

2021–present: Inside

In April 2021, Burnham ended his social media hiatus to announce that May 30 would see the release of his fourth special, Inside.[54][55][56] Created by Burnham alone in his home's guest house without a crew or audience during the COVID-19 pandemic,[57] Inside received widespread acclaim.[58][59][60] It was nominated in six categories for the 73rd Primetime Creative Arts Emmy Awards, winning three for Outstanding Music Direction, Outstanding Writing, and Outstanding Directing for a Variety Special.[38][61][62] Burnham also received two nominations at the 64th Annual Grammy Awards for Best Music Film and Best Song Written for Visual Media ("All Eyes on Me"),[63][64] although the special was ruled ineligible for Best Comedy Album.[65] Three songs from the album ("Bezos I", "All Eyes on Me", and "Welcome to the Internet") earned Burnham his first charting songs on the US Bubbling Under Hot 100 and Global 200 charts.[66] They were certified gold in the United States, as did the accompanying album, Inside (The Songs).

Burnham directed, edited, and executive produced Carmichael's comedy special Rothaniel (2022), which received acclaim.[67][68]

On May 30, 2022, the one-year anniversary of Inside, Burnham released 63 minutes of unseen footage from the special on YouTube.[69] Titled THE INSIDE OUTTAKES, it has garnered over 6 million views as of August 2022. The video received positive reviews. In June 2022, Burnham released an accompanying album, with the same name, containing all the songs from the video and two new others. Bo Burnham - INSIDE (Deluxe), an album with all the songs from Inside (The Songs), THE INSIDE OUTTAKES, and other instrumental tracks from Inside, was also released.[citation needed]

Style

Burnham has cited Kate Berlant, Catherine Breillat, George Carlin, John Cassavetes, Flight of the Conchords, Mitch Hedberg, Anthony Jeselnik, Stephen Lynch, Demetri Martin, Steve Martin, Tim Minchin, and Hans Teeuwen as influences.[70][71][72][73] His musical style has also drawn comparisons to Tom Lehrer,[74][75][76][77] and he was reported to have written his 2009 song "New Math" as a tribute to Lehrer's song of the same name.[74]

Offensive humor, satire, and controversy

Burnham's comedic style is often categorized as satire,[78][79][80] using offensive language covering such themes as homophobia, mental illness, sexism, and racism for both shock value and social commentary. Burnham in the past has responded to many controversies around his comedy, stating "I try and write satire that's well-intentioned. But those intentions have to be hidden. It can't be completely clear, and that's what makes it comedy."[78]

In recent years Burnham has expressed regret about how his career started, particularly of his early "shock-jock offensive comedy done by a sixteen-year-old without any tact."[81] During press for his film Eighth Grade in 2018, Burnham used controversies surrounding his work as a way to express his concern about teenagers' mistakes being immortalized on the internet; in an interview with The Off Camera Show Burnham stated that "I'm happy to be an example of someone who failed out loud publicly, in a certain way, and who has hopefully been able to evolve and get past that. And I do worry that kids don't have that freedom anymore."[82] In an interview with NPR he addressed the problematic nature of his comedy stating that "I have a lot of material from back then that I'm not proud of and I think is offensive and I think is not helpful."[83] He also covers these issues in the lyrics of his song "Problematic" in Inside, he writes "I started doing comedy when I was just a sheltered kid, I wrote offensive shit and I said it" and "all of it was perfectly lawful, just not very thoughtful at all and really shitty."[84][85]

Personal life

Burnham has been in a relationship with filmmaker Lorene Scafaria since 2013. They live in Los Angeles.[86]

Work

Filmography

Film

Bo Burnham film work
Year Title Role Notes Ref.
2009 American Virgin Rudy [87]
2009 Funny People Yo Teach! Cast Member [87]
2011 Hall Pass Bartender [88]
2012 Adventures in the Sin Bin Tony [89]
2017 The Big Sick CJ [90]
2017 Rough Night Tobey [91]
2018 Eighth Grade Writer, director [41]
2020 Promising Young Woman Ryan Cooper [50]

Television

Bo Burnham television work
Year Title Role Credited as Notes Ref.
Director Producer Editor
2010 Words, Words, Words Himself No Yes No Comedy special [92]
2013 what. Himself Yes Yes No Comedy special; co-director [93]
2013 Zach Stone Is Gonna Be Famous Zach Stone No Yes No 12 episodes; also, co-creator, writer [94]
2014 Parks and Recreation Chipp McCapp No No No Episode: "Flu Season 2" [95]
2015 Key and Peele Lyle No No No Episode: "A Cappella Club" [96]
2015 Kroll Show Diz No No No 2 episodes [97]
2016 Make Happy Himself Yes No No Comedy special; co-director [98]
2016 We Bare Bears Andrew Bangs (voice) No No No Episode: "Nom Nom's Entourage" [99]
2017 Comrade Detective Sergiu (voice) No No No Episode: "The Invisible Hand" [100]
2017 Jerrod Carmichael: 8 Yes Yes No Comedy special [101]
2018 Chris Rock: Tamborine Yes No No Comedy special [102]
2019 Jerrod Carmichael: Home Videos No Yes No Special
2019 Jerrod Carmichael: Sermon on the Mount No Yes No Special
2019 Lil Rel Howery: Live in Crenshaw No Yes No Comedy special
2020 Whitmer Thomas: The Golden One No Yes No Comedy special
2021 Inside Himself Yes Yes Yes Comedy special [56]
2022 Jerrod Carmichael: Rothaniel Yes Yes Yes Comedy special
2022 Kate Berlant: Cinnamon in the Wind Yes Yes No Comedy special released on Hulu

Discography

Main article: Bo Burnham discography

Tours

Bo Burnham tours
Year Title Ref.
2009 Fake ID Tour [103]
2010 Bo Burnham and (No) Friends [104]
2011–2012 Bo Burnham Live [105]
2013 what. Tour [106]
2015–2016 Make Happy Tour [107]

Bibliography

Awards and nominations

At the 2010 Edinburgh Festival Fringe, he was nominated for the main Edinburgh Comedy Award and won both the Edinburgh Comedy Awards' panel prize and the Malcolm Hardee "Act Most Likely to Make a Million Quid" Award.[111]

For his 2018 film Eighth Grade and 2021 comedy special Inside he received several awards and nominations for his writing and directing, including the following:

Year Award Category Project Result Ref.
2018 Boston Society of Film Critics Best New Filmmaker Eighth Grade Won [112]
2018 Chicago Film Critics Association Best Original Screenplay Nominated [113]
Most Promising Filmmaker Nominated [113]
2018 Directors Guild of America Award Outstanding Directing – First-Time Feature Film Won [42]
2018 Independent Spirit Awards Best First Screenplay Won [114]
2018 National Board of Review Best Directorial Debut Won [115]
2018 New York Film Critics Circle Best First Film Won [116]
2018 San Diego Film Critics Society Best Director Nominated [117]
Best Original Screenplay Won [117]
Best Breakout Artist Nominated [117]
2018 Sundance Film Festival Grand Jury Prize Nominated [118]
2019 Writers Guild of America Award Best Original Screenplay Won [43]
2020 Hollywood Critics Association Best Supporting Actor Promising Young Woman Nominated [119]
2021 Hollywood Critics Association Best Streaming Sketch Series, Variety Series, Talk Show, or Comedy/Variety Special Bo Burnham: Inside Won [120]
2021 Primetime Emmy Awards Outstanding Variety Special (Pre-Recorded) Nominated [121]
Outstanding Directing For A Variety Special Won
Outstanding Writing For A Variety Special Won
Outstanding Picture Editing for Variety Programming Nominated
Outstanding Music Direction Won
Outstanding Original Music And Lyrics Nominated
2022 Grammy Awards Best Music Film Nominated [64][122]
Best Song Written for Visual Media "All Eyes on Me" Won
2022 Libera Award Best Outlier Record Inside (The Songs) Nominated [123]
2022 Primetime Emmy Awards Outstanding Directing For A Variety Special Jerrod Carmichael: Rothaniel Nominated [124]

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