Steve McQueen
McQueen holding the Best Picture Oscar statuette for 12 Years a Slave, March 2014
Steven Rodney McQueen

(1969-10-09) 9 October 1969 (age 54)
EducationBA in Fine art
Alma materDrayton Manor High School,
Ealing, Hammersmith and West London College,
Goldsmiths, University of London
Tisch School of the Arts
Occupation(s)Artist, film director, screenwriter
Years active1993–present
StyleNeo-noir, Experimental, Social realism
SpouseBianca Stigter[1]
AwardsList of awards

Steven Rodney "Steve" McQueen CBE (born 9 October 1969)[2] is an English film director, producer, screenwriter, and video artist. For his 2013 film, 12 Years a Slave, a historical drama adaptation of an 1853 slave narrative memoir, he won an Academy Award,[3] BAFTA Award for Best Film, and Golden Globe Award for Best Motion Picture – Drama, as a producer, and he also received the award for Best Director from the New York Film Critics Circle.[4] McQueen is the first black filmmaker to win an Academy Award for Best Picture.[5][6] McQueen is known for his collaborations with actor Michael Fassbender, who has starred in all three of McQueen's feature films as of 2014. McQueen's other feature films are Hunger (2008), a historical drama about the 1981 Irish hunger strike, and Shame (2011), a drama about an executive struggling with sex addiction.

For his artwork, McQueen has received the Turner Prize, the highest award given to a British visual artist. In 2006 he produced Queen and Country, which commemorates the deaths of British soldiers in Iraq by presenting their portraits as a sheet of stamps. For services to the visual arts, he was appointed Commander of the Order of the British Empire in 2011.[7]

In April 2014, TIME magazine included McQueen in its annual TIME 100 as one of the "Most Influential People in the World."[8][9] In October 2016, McQueen was granted the British Film Institute's highest honour, the BFI Fellowship.[10]

Early years

McQueen was born in London and is of Grenadian[11] and Trinidadian descent.[12][13] He grew up in Hanwell, West London and went to Drayton Manor High School.[14][15] In a 2014 interview, McQueen stated that he had a very bad experience in school, where he had been placed into a class for students believed best suited "for manual labour, more plumbers and builders, stuff like that." Later, the new head of the school would admit that there had been "institutional" racism at the time. McQueen added that he was dyslexic and had to wear an eyepatch due to a lazy eye, and reflected this may be why he was "put to one side very quickly".[13]

He was a keen football player, turning out for the St. George's Colts football team. He took A level art at Ealing, Hammersmith and West London College, then studied art and design at Chelsea College of Arts and then fine art at Goldsmiths College, University of London, where he first became interested in film. He left Goldsmiths and studied briefly at New York University's Tisch School of the Arts in the United States. He found the approach there too stifling and insufficiently experimental, complaining that "they wouldn't let you throw the camera up in the air".[16] His artistic influences include Andy Warhol, Sergei Eisenstein, Dziga Vertov, Jean Vigo, Buster Keaton, Carl Theodor Dreyer, Robert Bresson, and Billy Wilder.[17][18]

Selected short films

Bear (1993) was McQueen's first major film, presented at the Royal College of Art in London. Although not an overtly political piece, for many it raised questions about race, sexual attraction to men, and violence. It shows a wrestling match between two men who alternate ambiguous relations and gestures of aggression and erotic attraction. The film's protagonists, one of them McQueen, are both black, but issues of race, he has said, do not take priority in his work. Like all McQueen's early films, Bear is black-and-white, and was shot on 16-millimetre film.[19]

Five Easy Pieces (1995) is a short film by McQueen. It follows a woman across a tight-rope; McQueen has stated that he finds a tight-rope walker to be "the perfect image of a combination of vulnerability and strength."[20]

Just Above My Head (1996) is a short film which shares close ties with McQueen's preceding film with the key theme of walking. A man – played by McQueen – is shot in a way so as to crop out his body, but his head appears small at the bottom of the image, rising and falling with his step and coming in and out of frame according to the movement of the camera. As stated by David Frankel, the "simultaneous fragility and persistence" is seemingly meant as a metaphor for black life in England as elsewhere.[17][20]

Deadpan (1997) is a four-minute black and white short film directed by and starring McQueen showing a multitude of angles on a reenactment of a stunt from Buster Keaton's Steamboat Bill, Jr.. Frieze Magazine noted his lack of shoelaces and inferred a multitude of depth and commentary on the prison system.[21] Media Art noted that his use of black and white emulates 1920s film style without "a historicizing strategy or to reinterpret the origins of moving images."[22] The film was exhibited on loop in the Museum of Modern Art's Contemporary Galleries, 1980-Now from 17 November 2011 to 17 February 2014.[23]

Exodus (1997) is a 65-second colour video that takes the title of a record by Bob Marley as its starting point. It records a found event, two black men carrying potted palms whom McQueen followed down a London street, the greenery waving precariously above their heads. Then they get on a bus and leave.[17]

Western Deep (2002), commissioned for documenta 11, constitutes a powerful exploration of the sensory experience of the TauTona Gold Mine in South Africa, showing migrant labourers working in dark, claustrophobic environments and the ear-splitting noise of drilling.[24]

Running Thunder (2007), an 11-minute short film of a dead horse in a meadow. It was bought by the Stedelijk Museum in Amsterdam in 2014.[25][26]


McQueen's films as an artist were typically projected onto one or more walls of an enclosed space in an art gallery, and often in black-and-white and minimalistic. He has cited the influence of the nouvelle vague and the films of Andy Warhol.[27] He often appeared in the films himself.

McQueen with Michael Fassbender at the premiere of 12 Years a Slave at the 2013 Toronto Film Festival

His first major work was Bear (1993), in which two naked men (one of them McQueen) exchange a series of glances that might be taken to be flirtatious or threatening.[20] Deadpan (1997) is a restaging of a Buster Keaton stunt in which a house collapses around McQueen, who is left unscathed because he is standing where there is a missing window.[28][29]

As well as being in black-and-white, both these films are silent. The first of McQueen's films to use sound was also the first to use multiple images: Drumroll (1998). This was made with three cameras, two mounted to the sides, and one to the front of an oil drum which McQueen rolled through the streets of Manhattan. The resulting films are projected on three walls of an enclosed space. McQueen has also made sculptures such as White Elephant (1998), as well as photographs.

He won the Turner Prize in 1999, although much of the publicity went to Tracey Emin, who was also a nominee.[30] In 2006, he went to Iraq as an official war artist. The following year he presented Queen and Country, a piece that commemorated the deaths of British soldiers who died in the Iraq War by presenting their portraits as a sheet of stamps.[31] A proposal to have the stamps placed in circulation was rejected by the Royal Mail.[32] His 2007 short film Gravesend depicted the process of Coltan refinement and production. It premiered at The Renaissance Society in the United States.[33]

McQueen at the premiere of 12 Years a Slave at the 2013 Toronto Film Festival

His 2008 feature film Hunger, about the 1981 Irish hunger strike, premiered at the 2008 Cannes Film Festival.[34] McQueen received the Caméra d'Or (first-time director) Award at Cannes, the first British director to win the award.[35] The film was also awarded the inaugural Sydney Film Festival Prize, for "its controlled clarity of vision, its extraordinary detail and bravery, the dedication of its cast and the power and resonance of its humanity".[36] The film also won the 2008 Diesel Discovery Award at the Toronto International Film Festival. The award is voted on by the press attending the festival.[37] Hunger also won the Los Angeles Film Critics Association award for a New Generation film in 2008 and the best film prize at the London Evening Standard Film Awards in 2009.[38]

Steve was the first to ask the big question, 'Why has there not been more films on the American history of slavery?'. And it was the big question it took a Brit to ask

Brad Pitt.[39]

McQueen represented Britain at the 2009 Venice Biennale.[40] In 2009, it was announced that McQueen has been tapped to direct Fela, a biopic about the Nigerian musician and activist Fela Kuti.[41][42] Despite this, McQueen's second major theatrical release came in 2011 with the film Shame. Set in New York City, it stars Michael Fassbender as a sex addict whose life is suddenly turned upside-down when his estranged sister (Carey Mulligan) reappears.

McQueen's most recent film is 12 Years a Slave (2013). Based on the 1853 autobiography of the same name by Solomon Northup, the film tells the story of a free black man who is kidnapped in 1841 and sold into slavery, working on plantations in the state of Louisiana for twelve years before being released. The film won the Academy Award for Best Picture in March 2014, becoming the first Best Picture winner to have a black director or producer.[3][43]

McQueen signed on to develop Codes of Conduct, a six-episode limited series for HBO.[44] However, after the pilot episode was shot, HBO shut down production.[45] McQueen is working on a BBC drama about the lives of black Britons, which follows the lives of a group of friends and their families from 1968 to 2014.[46]

In November 2014, it was reported that McQueen's next film would be a biopic about the black actor, singer and activist Paul Robeson.[47]

During a lecture at Oxford University, American artist Kanye West announced that Steve McQueen had shot the video for his new single "All Day".[48] The film was screened at Fondation Louis Vuitton in Paris on 7 March 2015 before the first concert of a four-night residency by the American artist, at the Frank Gehry-designed building, began.[49] The film subsequently received its American premiere at the Los Angeles County Museum of Art in July 2015.[50]

On 27 September 2016 a new project, Widows, was announced to be in development with a script penned by Gone Girl writer Gillian Flynn and McQueen attached to direct. Originally Jennifer Lawrence was approached for a role, but due to scheduling conflicts had to decline the project. Viola Davis will star in the film. The film is described as a heist thriller about four armed robbers who are killed in a failed heist attempt, only to have their widows step up to finish the job.[51]

Personal life

In addition to London, since 1997 McQueen has a home in Amsterdam, with his Dutch wife, cultural critic Bianca Stigter, and their two children.[1] Already having been appointed Officer of the Order of the British Empire (OBE) in 2002,[52] he was created Commander of the Order of the British Empire (CBE) in the 2011 New Year Honours for services to the visual arts.[7][53]

McQueen is a former fan of English football club Tottenham Hotspur, quitting after admitting that it affected his day too much.[54][55]



Year Film Credited as Distribution Box office
Director Producer Writer
2008 Hunger Yes Yes Icon Productions
Zeitgeist Films
2011 Shame Yes Yes Momentum Pictures
Fox Searchlight
2013 12 Years a Slave Yes Yes Summit Entertainment
Fox Searchlight
2018 Widows Yes Yes Yes 20th Century Fox

Short films

Year Film Credited as
Director Producer Writer
1993 Bear Yes Yes Yes
1995 Five Easy Pieces Yes Yes Yes
1996 Just Above My Head Yes Yes Yes
1996 Stage Yes Yes Yes
1997 Exodus Yes Yes Yes
1997 Deadpan Yes Yes Yes
2001 Girls, Tricky Yes Yes Yes
2002 Illuminer Yes Yes Yes
2002 Western Deep Yes Yes Yes
2004 Charlotte Yes Yes Yes
2007 Gravesend Yes Yes Yes
2009 Giardini Yes Yes Yes
2009 Static Yes Yes Yes

Awards and nominations

Main article: List of awards and nominations received by Steve McQueen


  1. ^ a b Kino, Carol. "Intense Seeker of Powerful Elegance". The New York Times. Retrieved 25 September 2013.
  2. ^ "Steve McQueen | British Film Institute". British Film Institute. 9 October 1969. Retrieved 1 August 2013.
  3. ^ a b Cieply, Michael; Barnesmarch, Brooks (2 March 2014). "'12 Years a Slave' Claims Best Picture Oscar". The New York Times.
  4. ^ "Steve McQueen named best director by New York critics". BBC, 4 December 2013.
  5. ^
  6. ^ "Steve McQueen becomes first director to hold an Oscar and a Turner Prize".
  7. ^ a b "No. 59647". The London Gazette (Supplement). 31 December 2010. p. 8.
  8. ^ "Why Steve McQueen Is One of the TIME 100". Time Magazine. 24 April 2014. Retrieved 24 April 2014.
  9. ^ Lupita Nyong’o (23 April 2014). "Steve McQueen". Time. Retrieved 23 April 2014.
  10. ^ Korsner, Jason (24 August 2016). "12 Years A Slave director Steve McQueen to become BFI Fellow". What's Worth Seeing. Retrieved 25 August 2016.
  11. ^ Kristin McCracken, "Interview: Steve McQueen Talks '12 Years A Slave,' 'Django Unchained', Pitt & Fassbender & More", Indiewire, 11 September 2013.
  12. ^ Steve McQueen at Now Grenada. Retrieved 3 March 2014
  13. ^ a b "Steve McQueen: my hidden shame". The Guardian. 4 January 2014.
  14. ^ Venice Biennale. "Venice Biennale: Steve McQueen interview". The Daily Telegraph. Retrieved 1 August 2013.
  15. ^ "Ealing's Local Web site". Retrieved 1 August 2013.
  16. ^ "Steve McQueen: Profile". BBC News. 1 December 1999. Retrieved 1 April 2010.
  17. ^ a b c "Steve McQueen". Retrieved 1 August 2013.
  18. ^ "Steve McQueen". Archived from the original on 21 June 2013. Retrieved 1 August 2013. ((cite web)): Unknown parameter |deadurl= ignored (|url-status= suggested) (help)
  19. ^ "'Bear', Steve McQueen". Tate Etc. Retrieved 1 August 2013.
  20. ^ a b c Frankel, David (November 1997). "Steve McQueen – Museum of Modern Art, New York City". Artforum. Questia. Retrieved 6 April 2016.
  21. ^ "Frieze Magazine review, Steve McQueen" "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 7 February 2015. Retrieved 7 February 2015. ((cite web)): Unknown parameter |deadurl= ignored (|url-status= suggested) (help)CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  22. ^ Media Art Net, Steve McQueen, "Deadpan", 1997
  23. ^ Museum of Modern Art: The Collection. Steve McQueen: Deadpan
  24. ^ Western Deep at IMDb Edit this at Wikidata
  25. ^ "Steve McQueen artworks acquired by Amsterdam museum". BBC News. 5 March 2014. Retrieved 5 March 2014.
  26. ^ "Recently acquired works by Steve McQueen on display - Stedelijk Museum Amsterdam". Q42,, Fabrique Communicatie en Design, Retrieved 27 November 2017.((cite web)): CS1 maint: others (link)
  27. ^ Arifa Akbar. "The British film industry has lost its edge, says BFI boss". The Independent, Friday, 2 April 2010.
  28. ^ "Media Art Net | McQueen, Steve: Deadpan". Retrieved 1 August 2013.
  29. ^ Andrew Gellatly. frieze Magazine, Issue 46 (May 1999).
  30. ^ "McQueen wins Turner Prize". BBC. 30 November 1999. Retrieved 17 October 2014.
  31. ^ Searle, Adrian (21 March 2007). "Last Post". The Guardian. London. Retrieved 21 November 2010.
  32. ^ "Steve McQueen's Queen and Country: The new face of remembrance". 10 November 2008.
  33. ^ The Renaissance Society Archived 8 September 2012 at
  34. ^ Thorpe, Vanessa (12 May 2008). "Bobby Sands screens at Cannes". The Guardian. London. Retrieved 11 May 2008.
  35. ^ Winners at the 61st Cannes Film Festival – Yahoo! News
  36. ^ Sydney Film Festival: Official Competition winner[permanent dead link]
  37. ^ "Family dramas, IRA prisoner film win big at TIFF". CBC News. 13 September 2008.
  38. ^ "Standard success for Sands movie". BBC News. 1 February 2009. Retrieved 1 April 2010.
  39. ^ Katie Van Syckle, "Brad Pitt: 'It took a Brit' to Ask the Right Question on Slavery", Rolling Stone, 7 September 2013. Retrieved 5 January 2014.
  40. ^ Charlotte Higgins, "McQueen will represent Britain at Venice Biennale", The Guardian, 25 June 2008.
  41. ^ Michael Fleming and Ali Jaafar, "Focus to film 'Fela' feature", Variety, 7 December 2009.
  42. ^ Ben Child, "Steve McQueen to Direct Fela Kuti Biopic", The Guardian, 8 December 2009.
  43. ^ Lacob, Jace (2 March 2014). "'12 Years A Slave' Wins Best Picture And Makes Oscars History". Buzzfeed. Retrieved 13 March 2014.
  44. ^ Andreeva, Nellie; Fleming, Jr., Mike (29 October 2013). "'12 Years A Slave' Director Steve McQueen Sets Provocative Drama Project at HBO". Retrieved 29 October 2013.
  45. ^ Masters, Kim (24 February 2016). "HBO's High-Class Problems: $100M 'Vinyl' Disappoints Amid 'Westworld,' David Fincher Woes". The Hollywood Reporter. Retrieved 7 December 2016.
  46. ^ "Steve McQueen to work on BBC drama". BBC, 10 January 2014.
  47. ^ Alex Needham, "Steve McQueen to make film about Paul Robeson", The Guardian, 18 November 2014.
  48. ^ Zach Frydenlund, "Kanye West Spoke at Oxford University Earlier Today", Complex, 2 March 2015.
  49. ^ Lauren Nostro, "Kanye West Premieres Steve McQueen-Directed "All Day" Video in Paris", Complex, 7 March 2015.
  50. ^ Williams, Maxwell. "Kanye West and Steve McQueen Debut Collaborative 'All Day / I Feel Like That' Video at LACMA Gathering". Retrieved 29 August 2015.
  51. ^ "Viola Davis Teaming with '12 Years a Slave' Filmmaker Steve McQueen for Thriller 'Widows'".
  52. ^ "The Queen's Birthday Honours 2002", BBC News, 14 June 2002.
  53. ^ "New Year Honours unveiled", BBC News, 31 December 2010.
  54. ^
  55. ^
  56. ^ "Hunger (2008)". Box Office Mojo. Retrieved 16 July 2014.
  57. ^ "Shame (2011)". Box Office Mojo. Retrieved 16 July 2014.
  58. ^ "Twelve Years A Slave (2013)". Box Office Mojo. Retrieved 16 July 2014.

Further reading