Peter Ustinov

Portrait by Allan Warren, 1986
Peter Alexander Freiherr von Ustinov

(1921-04-16)16 April 1921
London, England
Died28 March 2004(2004-03-28) (aged 82)
Genolier, Switzerland
Resting placeBursins Cemetery, Bursins, Switzerland
EducationWestminster School
London Theatre Studio
  • Actor
  • filmmaker
  • writer
Years active1938–2004
  • Isolde Denham
    (m. 1940; div. 1950)
  • (m. 1954; div. 1971)
  • Helene du Lau d'Allemans
    (m. 1972)
Children4, including Tamara Ustinov
AwardsSee Awards

Sir Peter Alexander Ustinov CBE FRSA (born Peter Alexander Freiherr von Ustinov /ˈ(j)stɪnɒf/; 16 April 1921 – 28 March 2004) was a British actor, filmmaker, and writer. An internationally known raconteur, he was a fixture on television talk shows and lecture circuits for much of his career. Ustinov received numerous accolades including two Academy Awards, a BAFTA Award, three Emmy Awards, and a Grammy Award.

Ustinov received two Academy Awards for Best Supporting Actor for his roles in Spartacus (1960), and Topkapi (1964). He also starred in notable films such as Quo Vadis (1951), The Sundowners (1960), Billy Budd (1962) and Hot Millions (1968). He portrayed Hercule Poirot in Death on the Nile (1978). He voiced Prince John and King Richard in the Walt Disney Animated film Robin Hood (1973).

He also displayed a unique cultural versatility which frequently earned him the accolade of a Renaissance man. Miklós Rózsa, composer of the music for Quo Vadis and of numerous concert works, dedicated his String Quartet No. 1, Op. 22 (1950) to Ustinov.

An intellectual and diplomat, he held various academic posts and served as a goodwill ambassador for UNICEF and president of the World Federalist Movement (WFM). In 2003, Durham University changed the name of its Graduate Society to Ustinov College in honour of the significant contributions Ustinov had made as chancellor of the university from 1992 until his death.

Early life and education

Peter Alexander Freiherr von Ustinov was born at 45 Belsize Park, London, England.[1] His father, Jona Freiherr von Ustinov, was of Russian, German, Polish, Ethiopian and Jewish descent. Ustinov's paternal grandfather was Baron Plato von Ustinov, a Russian noble, and his grandmother was Magdalena Hall, of mixed German-Ethiopian-Jewish origin.[2] Ustinov's great-grandfather Moritz Hall, a Jewish refugee from Kraków and later a Christian convert and colleague of Swiss and German missionaries in Ethiopia, married into a German-Ethiopian family.[3] Ustinov's paternal great-great-grandparents (through Magdalena's mother) were the German painter Eduard Zander and the Ethiopian aristocrat Court-Lady Isette-Werq of Gondar.[4]

Ustinov's mother, Nadezhda Leontievna Benois, known as Nadia, was a painter and ballet designer of French, German, Italian, and Russian descent.[5][6] Her father, Leon Benois, was an Imperial Russian architect and owner of Leonardo da Vinci's painting Benois Madonna. Leon's brother Alexandre Benois was a stage designer who worked with Stravinsky and Diaghilev. Their paternal ancestor Jules-César Benois was a chef who had left France for St. Petersburg during the French Revolution and became a chef to Emperor Paul I of Russia.

Jona (or Iona) worked as a press officer at the German Embassy in London in the 1930s and was a reporter for a German news agency. In 1935, two years after Adolf Hitler came to power in Germany, Jona von Ustinov began working for the British intelligence service MI5 and became a British subject, thus avoiding internment during the war. The statutory notice of his application for citizenship was published in a Welsh newspaper so as not to alert the Germans.[7] He was the controller of Wolfgang Gans zu Putlitz, an MI5 spy in the German embassy in London, who furnished information on Hitler's intentions before the Second World War.[8] (Peter Wright mentions in his book Spycatcher that Jona was possibly the spy known as U35; Ustinov says in his autobiography that his father hosted secret meetings of senior British and German officials at their London home).

Ustinov was educated at Westminster School and had a difficult childhood because of his parents' constant fighting. While at school, Ustinov considered anglicising his name to "Peter Austin", but was counselled against it by a fellow pupil who said that he should "Drop the 'von' but keep the 'Ustinov'".[9] In his late teens he trained as an actor at the London Theatre Studio.[10] While there, on 18 July 1938 he made his first appearance on the stage at the Barn Theatre, Shere, playing Waffles in Chekhov’s The Wood Demon,[10] and his London stage début later that year at the Players' Theatre, becoming quickly established. He later wrote, "I was not irresistibly drawn to the drama. It was an escape road from the dismal rat race of school".[9]


Ustinov as Nero in Quo Vadis (1951)

In 1939, he appeared in White Cargo at the Aylesbury Rep, where he performed in a different accent every night.[11] Ustinov served as a private in the British Army during the Second World War, including time spent as batman to David Niven while writing the Niven film The Way Ahead. The difference in their ranks‍—‌Niven was a lieutenant-colonel and Ustinov a private‍—‌made their regular association militarily impossible; to solve the problem, Ustinov was appointed as Niven's batman.[12] He also appeared in propaganda films, debuting in One of Our Aircraft Is Missing (1942), in which he was required to deliver lines in English, Latin, and Dutch. In 1944, under the auspices of Entertainments National Service Association, he presented and performed the role of Sir Anthony Absolute, in Sheridan's The Rivals, with Dame Edith Evans, at the theatre in Larkhill Camp, Wiltshire, England.

After the war, he began writing; his first major success was with the play The Love of Four Colonels (1951). He starred with Humphrey Bogart and Aldo Ray in We're No Angels (1955). His career as a dramatist continued, his best-known[clarification needed] play being Romanoff and Juliet (1956). His film roles include Roman emperor Nero in Quo Vadis (1951), Lentulus Batiatus in Spartacus (1960), Captain Blackbeard in the Disney film Blackbeard’s Ghost (1968), and an old man surviving a totalitarian future in Logan's Run (1976). Ustinov voiced the anthropomorphic lions Prince John and King Richard in the 1973 Disney animated film Robin Hood. He also worked on several films as writer and occasionally director, including The Way Ahead (1944), School for Secrets (1946), Hot Millions (1968), and Memed, My Hawk (1984).

Ustinov (left) as Hercule Poirot with John Gielgud in Appointment with Death (1988)

In half a dozen films, he played Agatha Christie's detective Hercule Poirot, first in Death on the Nile (1978) and then in 1982's Evil Under the Sun, 1985's Thirteen at Dinner (TV movie), 1986's Dead Man's Folly (TV movie), 1986's Murder in Three Acts (TV movie), and 1988's Appointment with Death.

Ustinov ca. 1960
Ustinov in The Sundowners (1960)
Oona O'Neill, Charles Chaplin, and Ustinov in 1965
Ustinov in 1986
Ustinov in 1965

Ustinov won Academy Awards for Best Supporting Actor for his roles in Spartacus (1960) and Topkapi (1964). He also won a Golden Globe award for Best Supporting Actor for the film Quo Vadis (he set the Oscar and Globe statuettes up on his desk as if playing doubles tennis; the game was a love of his life, as was ocean yachting). Ustinov was also the winner of three Emmys and one Grammy and was nominated for two Tony Awards.

Between 1952 and 1955, he starred with Peter Jones in the BBC radio comedy In All Directions. The series featured Ustinov and Jones as themselves in a London car journey perpetually searching for Copthorne Avenue. The comedy derived from the characters they met, whom they often also portrayed. The show was unusual for the time, as it was improvised rather than scripted. Ustinov and Jones improvised on a tape, which was difficult, and then edited for broadcast by Frank Muir and Denis Norden, who also sometimes took part.

During the 1960s, with the encouragement of Sir Georg Solti, Ustinov directed several operas, including Puccini's Gianni Schicchi, Ravel's L'heure espagnole, Schoenberg's Erwartung, and Mozart's The Magic Flute. Further demonstrating his great talent and versatility in the theatre, Ustinov later undertook set and costume design for Don Giovanni. In 1962 he adapted Louis O. Coxe and Robert H. Chapman's critically successful Broadway play Billy Budd into a film; penning the screenplay, producing, directing, and starring as Captain Vere.[13]

In 1968, he was elected the first rector of the University of Dundee and served two consecutive three-year terms.

His autobiography, Dear Me (1977), was well received and had him describe his life (ostensibly his childhood) while being interrogated by his own ego, with forays into philosophy, theatre, fame, and self-realisation. From 1969 until his death, his acting and writing took second place to his work on behalf of UNICEF, for which he was a goodwill ambassador and fundraiser. In this role, he visited some of the neediest children and made use of his ability to make people laugh, including many of the world's most disadvantaged children. "Sir Peter could make anyone laugh", UNICEF Executive Director Carol Bellamy is quoted as saying.[14] On 31 October 1984, Ustinov was due to interview Prime Minister of India Indira Gandhi for Irish television. She was assassinated on her way to the meeting.[15]

Ustinov also served as president of the World Federalist Movement (WFM) from 1991 until his death. He once said, "World government is not only possible, it is inevitable, and when it comes, it will appeal to patriotism in its truest, in its only sense, the patriotism of men who love their national heritages so deeply that they wish to preserve them in safety for the common good".[16]

He was a frequent guest of Jack Paar's Tonight Show in the early 1960s and was a guest on the "upside down" episode of the American talk show Late Night, during which the camera, mounted on a slowly revolving wheel, gradually rotated the picture 360° during the course of an hour; Ustinov appeared midway through and was photographed upside down in close-up as he spoke, while his host appeared only in long shots. Towards the end of Ustinov's life, he undertook some one-man stage shows in which he let loose his raconteur streak; he told the story of his life, including some moments of tension with the society into which he was born. For example, he took a test as a child, asking him to name a Russian composer; he wrote Rimsky-Korsakov, but was marked down. He was then told the correct answer, Tchaikovsky, since he had been studying him in class and was told to stop showing off.

He was the subject of This Is Your Life on two occasions, in November 1977 when he was surprised by Eamonn Andrews at Pinewood Studios on the set of Death on the Nile. He was surprised again in December 1994, when Michael Aspel approached him at the United Nations headquarters in Geneva.

A car enthusiast since the age of four, he owned a succession of interesting machines ranging from a Fiat Topolino, several Lancias, a Hispano-Suiza, a preselector gearbox Delage, and a special-bodied Jowett Jupiter. He made records like Phoney Folklore that included the song of the Russian peasant "whose tractor had betrayed him" and his "Grand Prix of Gibraltar" was a vehicle for his creative wit and ability at car-engine sound effects and voices.[citation needed]

He spoke English, French, Spanish, Italian, German, and Russian fluently, as well as some Turkish and modern Greek. He was proficient in accents and dialects in all his languages. Ustinov provided his own German and French dubbing for some of his roles, both of them for Lorenzo's Oil. As Hercule Poirot, he provided his own voice for the French versions of Thirteen at Dinner, Dead Man's Folly, Murder in Three Acts, Appointment with Death, and Evil under the Sun, but unlike Jane Birkin, who had dubbed herself in French for this film and Death on the Nile, Ustinov did not provide his voice for the latter (his French voice being provided by Roger Carel, who had already dubbed him in Spartacus and other films). He dubbed himself in German as Poirot only in Evil under the Sun (his other Poirot roles being undertaken by three actors). However, he provided only his English and German voices for Disney's Robin Hood and NBC's Alice in Wonderland.[17]

Ustinov in 1992 by Erling Mandelmann

In the 1960s, he became a Swiss resident. He was knighted in 1990 and was appointed chancellor of Durham University in 1992, having previously been elected as the first rector of the University of Dundee in 1968 (a role in which he moved from being merely a figurehead to taking on a political role, negotiating with student protesters).[18] Ustinov was re-elected to the post for a second three-year term in 1971, narrowly beating Michael Parkinson after a disputed recount.[19][20] He received an honorary doctorate from the Vrije Universiteit Brussel.

Ustinov was a frequent defender of the Chinese government, stating in an address to Durham University in 2000, "People are annoyed with the Chinese for not respecting more human rights. But with a population that size it's very difficult to have the same attitude to human rights."[21] In 2003, Durham's postgraduate college (previously known as the Graduate Society) was renamed Ustinov College. Ustinov went to Berlin on a UNICEF mission in 2002 to visit the circle of United Buddy Bears that promote a more peaceful world between nations, cultures, and religions for the first time. He was determined to ensure that Iraq would also be represented in this circle of about 140 countries. Ustinov also presented and narrated the official video review of the 1987 Formula One season and narrated the documentary series Wings of the Red Star. In 1988, he hosted a live television broadcast entitled The Secret Identity of Jack the Ripper. Ustinov gave his name to the Foundation of the International Academy of Television Arts and Sciences for their Sir Peter Ustinov Television Scriptwriting Award, given annually to a young television screenwriter.

Personal life

Ustinov with Suzanne Cloutier and daughter in the 1950s

Ustinov was married three times—first to Isolde Denham (1920–1987), daughter of Reginald Denham and Moyna Macgill. The marriage lasted from 1940 to their divorce in 1950, and they had one child, daughter Tamara Ustinov. Isolde was the half-sister of Angela Lansbury, who appeared with Ustinov in Death on the Nile. His second marriage was to Suzanne Cloutier, which lasted from 1954 to their divorce in 1971. They had three children: two daughters, Pavla Ustinov and Andrea Ustinov, and a son, Igor Ustinov (de). His third marriage was to Helene du Lau d'Allemans, which lasted from 1972 to his death in 2004.[22]

Ustinov was a secular humanist. He was listed as a distinguished supporter of the British Humanist Association, and had once served on their advisory council.[23][24]

Ustinov suffered from diabetes and a weakened heart in his last years.[25]


Ustinov died on 28 March 2004 of heart failure in a clinic in Genolier, near his home in Bursins, Switzerland, aged 82, 19 days short of his 83rd birthday. He had suffered from diabetes and heart disease.[26][27] UNICEF Executive Director Carol Bellamy spoke at his funeral.


Ustinov was the president of the World Federalist Movement (WFM) from 1991 to 2004, the time of his death.[28]

Until his death, Ustinov was a member of English PEN, part of the PEN International network that campaigns for freedom of expression.



Year Film Role Director Notes
1940 Hullo Fame
1940 Mein Kampf — My Crimes Marinus van der Lubbe Uncredited
1942 One of Our Aircraft Is Missing The Priest Emeric Pressburger
1942 The Goose Steps Out Krauss Basil Dearden
1942 Let the People Sing Dr. Bentika John Baxter
1943 The New Lot Keith Uncredited
1944 The Way Ahead Rispoli – Cafe Owner Carol Reed
1945 The True Glory Carol Reed
1946 School for Secrets Peter Ustinov
1946 Carnival Stanley Haynes
1948 Vice Versa Peter Ustinov
1949 Private Angelo Private Angelo Peter Ustinov
1950 Odette Lt. Alex Rabinovich / Arnauld Herbert Wilcox
1951 Hotel Sahara Emad Ken Annakin
1951 Quo Vadis Nero Mervyn LeRoy
1951 The Magic Box Industry Man John Boulting
1952 Pleasure Narrator Voice; Uncredited
1952 The Curious Adventures of Mr. Wonderbird Wonderbird Paul Grimault English version; Voice
1953 Martin Luther Duke Francis of Luneberg Irving Pichel Uncredited
1954 The Egyptian Kaptah Michael Curtiz
1954 Beau Brummell Prince of Wales Curtis Bernhardt
1955 We're No Angels Jules Michael Curtiz
1955 Lola Montès Circus Master Max Ophüls
1956 The Wanderers Don Alfonso Pugliesi Hugo Fregonese
1957 The Spies Michel Kiminsky Henri-Georges Clouzot
1957 The Man Who Wagged His Tail Mr. Bossi Ladislao Vajda
1960 Spartacus Batiatus Stanley Kubrick
1960 The Sundowners Rupert Venneker Fred Zinnemann
1961 Romanoff and Juliet The General Peter Ustinov
1962 Billy Budd Edwin Fairfax Vere Peter Ustinov
1963 The Human Dutch Bert Haanstra
1963 Women of the World Narrator Franco Prosperi Voice
1964 Topkapi Arthur Simon Simpson Jules Dassin
1964 The Peaches
1965 John Goldfarb, Please Come Home! King Fawz J. Lee Thompson
1965 Lady L Prince Otto of Bavaria Peter Ustinov Uncredited
1967 The Comedians Amb. Manuel Pineda Peter Glenville
1968 Blackbeard's Ghost Captain Blackbeard Robert Stevenson
1968 Hot Millions Marcus Pendleton
/ Caesar Smith
Eric Till
1969 Viva Max! General Max Jerry Paris
1970 The Festival Game
1972 Hammersmith Is Out Doctor Peter Ustinov
1972 Big Truck and Sister Clare Israeli Truck Driver
1973 Robin Hood Prince John
King Richard
Wolfgang Reitherman Voice
1975 One of Our Dinosaurs Is Missing Hnup Wan Robert Stevenson
1976 Logan's Run Old Man Michael Anderson
1976 Treasure of Matecumbe Dr. Ewing T. Snodgrass Vincent McEveety
1977 The Purple Taxi Taubelman Yves Boisset
1977 The Mouse and His Child Manny the Rat Charles Swenson
Fred Wolf
1977 Double Murder Harry Hellman Steno
1977 The Last Remake of Beau Geste Sgt. Markov Marty Feldman
1978 Winds of Change Narrator Takashi Masunaga Voice
1978 Death on the Nile Hercule Poirot John Guillermin
1978 Thief of Baghdad The Caliph Clive Donner
1979 Morte no Tejo
1979 Ashanti Suleiman Richard Fleischer
1979 We'll Grow Thin Together [fr] Victor Lasnier
1979 Tarka the Otter Narrator David Cobham Voice
1981 Charlie Chan and the Curse of the Dragon Queen Charlie Chan Clive Donner
1981 The Great Muppet Caper Truck Driver Jim Henson
1981 Grendel Grendel Grendel Grendel Alexander Stitt Voice
1981 The Search for Santa Claus Grandfather
1982 Venezia, carnevale – Un amore
1982 Evil Under the Sun Hercule Poirot Guy Hamilton
1984 Memed, My Hawk Abdi Aga
1988 Appointment with Death Hercule Poirot Michael Winner
1988 Peep and the Big Wide World Rick Marshall
1989 La Révolution française Comte de Mirabeau† Segment: "Les Années Lumière"
1989 Granpa Granpa (voice) Dianne Jackson
1990 There Was a Castle with Forty Dogs Le vétérinaire Muggione Duccio Tessari
1992 Lorenzo's Oil Professor Nikolais George Miller
1993 Glasnost and Glamour Narrator / Himself Patrick Lichfield / Unipart
1995 The Phoenix and the Magic Carpet Grandfather / Phoenix Voice
1998 Stiff Upper Lips Horace Gary Sinyor
1999 The Bachelor Grandad James Shannon Gary Sinyor
2000 My Khmer Heart himself
2000 Majestät brauchen Sonne
2001 Stanley Kubrick: A Life in Pictures Jan Harlan
2003 Luther Frederick the Wise Eric Till
2004 Siberia: Railroad Through the Wilderness Narrator Voice




  • Apropos: portrait painting OCLC 502028565
  • Dear Me
  • Generation at Jeopardy: Children in Central and Eastern Europe and the Former Soviet Union
(introduction by Peter Ustinov) (UNICEF) OCLC 1124421105 [36][37]
  • Klop and the Ustinov Family (with Nadia Benois Ustinov) 1973 OCLC 835951
  • My Russia
  • Niven's Hollywood (introduction by Peter Ustinov)[38]
  • Quotable Ustinov
  • Still at Large
  • Ustinov at Eighty
  • Ustinov at Large
  • Ustinov in Russia
  • Ustinov Still at Large
  • Ustinov's diplomats OCLC 690371045
  • We Were Only Human. OCLC 320395513



Awards and nominations

Year Association Category Nominated work Result Ref.
1951 Academy Award Best Supporting Actor Quo Vadis Nominated [40]
1960 Best Supporting Actor Spartacus Won [41]
1964 Best Supporting Actor Topkapi Won [42]
1968 Best Original Screenplay Hot Millions Nominated [43]
1962 BAFTA Award Best British Screenplay Billy Budd Nominated
1978 Best Actor in a Leading Role Death on the Nile Nominated
1992 Britannia Award for Lifetime Achievement Received
1995 Best Light Entertainment Performance An Evening with Sir Peter Ustinov Nominated
1961 Berlin International Film Festival Golden Bear Romanoff and Juliet Nominated
1972 Silver Bear Hammersmith Is Out Won [44]
1972 Golden Bear Hammersmith Is Out Nominated
1958 Emmy Award Best Single Performance by a Leading or Supporting Actor Omnibus: The Life of Samuel Johnson Won
1967 Outstanding Single Performance by an Actor in a Leading Role Barefoot in Athens Won
1970 Outstanding Single Performance by an Actor in a Leading Role A Storm in Summer Won
1982 Outstanding Individual Achievement in Informational Programming Omni: The New Frontier Nominated
1985 Outstanding Classical Program in the Performing Arts The Well-Tempered Bach with Peter Ustinov Nominated
1952 Golden Globe Award Best Supporting Actor in a Motion Picture Quo Vadis Won
1961 Best Supporting Actor in a Motion Picture Spartacus Nominated
1965 Best Actor in a Motion Picture – Musical or Comedy Topkapi Nominated
1960 Grammy Award Best Recording for Children Prokofiev: Peter and the Wolf Won [45]
1974 Best Recording for Children The Little Prince Nominated
1978 Best Recording for Children Russell Hoban, The Mouse and His Child Nominated
1981 Best Spoken Word Album A Curb in the Sky Nominated
1958 Tony Awards Best Play Romanoff and Juliet Nominated
1958 Best Actor in a Play Romanoff and Juliet Nominated
1980 Evening Standard British Film Award Best Actor Death on the Nile Won

Honorary accolades



State honours and awards

Honorary degrees

Ustinov received many honorary degrees for his work.

Country State/Province Date School Degree
 United States  Ohio 1968 Cleveland Institute of Music Doctor of Music (D.Mus.)[47]
 United Kingdom   1969 University of Dundee Doctor of Laws (LL.D.)
 United States  Pennsylvania 1971 La Salle University Doctor of Laws (LL.D.)
 United Kingdom   1972 Lancaster University Doctor of Letters (D.Litt.)[48]
 Canada  Alberta 1981 University of Lethbridge Doctor of Laws (LL.D.)[49]
 Canada  Ontario 1984 University of Toronto Doctor of Laws (LL.D.)[50][51]
 United States  District of Columbia 1988 Georgetown University
 Canada  Ontario 1991 Carleton University Doctor of Laws (LL.D.)[52]
 United Kingdom   1992 Durham University Doctor of Humanities
 Canada  Ontario 1995 St. Michael's College
 Canada  Ontario 1995 Pontifical Institute of Mediaeval Studies
 Republic of Ireland   1999 National University of Ireland Doctor of Laws (LL.D.)[53]
 Switzerland   2001 International University in Geneva
This list is incomplete; you can help by adding missing items. (December 2015)


  1. ^ "Ustinov, Sir Peter Alexander (1921–2004)". Oxford Dictionary of National Biography (online ed.). Oxford University Press. doi:10.1093/ref:odnb/93510. (Subscription or UK public library membership required.)
  2. ^ Miller, Gertrude M. (1971). BBC pronouncing dictionary of British names. British Broadcasting Corporation. London: Oxford University Press. ISBN 978-0-19-431125-0. OCLC 154639. The pronunciations were accepted by Sir Peter himself.((cite book)): CS1 maint: postscript (link)
  3. ^ For his biography, with references to archival documentation and publications on him and his family, see Holtz: "Hall, Moritz", in: Siegbert Uhlig (ed.): Encyclopaedia Aethiopica, vol. 2, Wiesbaden 2005. Also, a family photo shows Ustinov's grandmother with her husband and their children, including Ustinov's father Jona.
  4. ^ McEwan, Dorothea (2013). The Story of Däräsge Maryam. Münster: LIT Verlag. p. 45. ISBN 978-3-643-90408-9. Retrieved 2 June 2014.
  5. ^ Strutynski, Stanislaw. "Distinguished Guest in the Visitation Parish". Archived from the original on 15 February 2017.
  6. ^ "Peter Ustinov". SEPLIS Beta. Archived from the original on 24 September 2015 – via Wayback Machine.
  7. ^ According to Ustinov in his biography Dear Me
  8. ^ Norton-Taylor, Richard (5 October 2009). "MI5 monitored union and CND leaders with ministers' backing, book reveals". The Guardian. Archived from the original on 22 June 2012 – via Wayback Machine.
  9. ^ a b Ustinov, Peter (1977). Dear Me (1st ed.). Boston: Little, Brown. p. 95. ISBN 978-0-316-89051-9. OCLC 3071948.
  10. ^ a b Ian Herbert, Christine Baxter, Robert E. Finley, Who's Who in the Theatre: A Biographical Record of the Contemporary Stage, Volume 16 (Pitman, 1977), p. 1202
  11. ^ Dunn, Kate (1998). Exit through the fireplace: the great days of the rep. London: J. Murray. ISBN 978-0-7195-5475-9. OCLC 50667637.
  12. ^ "Obituary: Sir Peter Ustinov". BBC News. 29 March 2004. Retrieved 13 November 2018.
  13. ^ Bosley Crowther (31 October 1962). "The Screen: 'Billy Budd':Ustinov Produces and Directs Adaptation". The New York Times.
  14. ^ "UNICEF mourns death of Goodwill Ambassador Sir Peter Ustinov". UNICEF. 28 November 2017.
  15. ^ Juergensmeyer, Mark (2003). Terror in the mind of God: the global rise of religious violence (3rd ed.). Berkeley: University of California Press. ISBN 978-0-520-93061-2. OCLC 779141234.
  16. ^ "President". World Federalist Movement. Archived from the original on 29 October 2008 – via Wayback Machine.
  17. ^ "Deutsche Synchronkartei – Darsteller – Sir Peter Ustinov".
  18. ^ Shafe, Michael; et al. (1982). University Education in Dundee 1881–1981 A Pictorial History. Dundee: University of Dundee. p. 205. ASIN B00178Z2BG.
  19. ^ "Rectorial Elections". Archives, Records and Artefacts at the University of Dundee. University of Dundee. 15 February 2010. Retrieved 20 August 2016.
  20. ^ Baxter, Kenneth; et al. (2007). A Dundee Celebration. Dundee: University of Dundee. p. 32.
  21. ^ "Peter Ustinov: Quotes". IMDb. Retrieved 13 November 2018.[unreliable source?]
  22. ^ "Peter Ustinov: Biography". Archived from the original on 31 October 2016. Retrieved 13 November 2018 – via Wayback Machine.
  23. ^ "Our people – Sir Peter Ustinov (1921–2004)". British Humanist Association. 29 January 2014. Retrieved 16 November 2015.
  24. ^ "Humanist". The Humanist: A Rational Approach to the Modern World. London: Rationalist Press Association Limited. 1963. ISSN 0018-7380.
  25. ^ "Peter Ustinov, 82". Chicago Tribune. 30 March 2004. Archived from the original on 15 February 2017 – via Wayback Machine.
  26. ^ Obituary, Accessed 30 March 2022.
  27. ^ "Sir Peter Ustinov, President of the World Federalist Movement from 1991–2004, Dies at Age 82". World Federalist Movement – Institute for Global Policy. 29 March 2004. Archived from the original on 15 December 2005. Retrieved 16 April 2017 – via Wayback Machine.
  28. ^ "Peter Ustinov, a friend of global federalism has died". Union of European Federalists. 3 March 2004. Archived from the original on 18 February 2017. Retrieved 29 October 2015.
  29. ^ "Klapzubova jedenáctka (TV seriál)". Č Retrieved 21 January 2021.
  30. ^ ""Parkinson" Episode #1.4 (TV Episode 1971)". IMDb. Retrieved 4 September 2020.
  31. ^ "Omni: The New Frontier". Retrieved 4 September 2020.
  32. ^ "Le Défi Mondial". Via le Monde (in French). Archived from the original on 29 April 2009. Retrieved 13 November 2018.
  33. ^ "An Audience with Peter Ustinov (1988) – IMDb". Retrieved 4 September 2020.
  34. ^ "Victoria&Albert". IMDb. 26 May 2001.
  35. ^[user-generated source]
  36. ^ Generation in Jeopardy: Children in Central and Eastern Europe and the Former Soviet Union. M.E. Sharpe. 4 September 1999. ISBN 978-0-7656-0290-9. Retrieved 4 September 2020 – via Google Books.
  37. ^ Generation in Jeopardy: Children in Central and Eastern Europe and the Former Soviet Union. M. E. Sharpe. 4 September 1999. ISBN 978-0-7656-0121-6. Retrieved 4 September 2020 – via Google Books.
  38. ^ Mordden, Ethan (23 December 1984). "Fancy Feet and Famous Faces". The New York Times. Retrieved 4 September 2020.
  39. ^ Ustinov, Peter (May 1991). The Old Man and Mr. Smith: a fable (1st ed.). New York: Arcade Publishing. ISBN 978-1-55970-134-1. OCLC 22984638.
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  46. ^ "Reply to a parliamentary question" (PDF) (in German). Vienna. 23 April 2012. p. 1444. Retrieved 12 December 2012.
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Academic offices Preceded bySir Learie Constantineas Rector of the University of St Andrews Rector of the University of Dundee 1968–1974 Succeeded byClement Freud Preceded byDame Margot Fonteyn Chancellor of the University of Durham 1992–2004 Succeeded byBill Bryson