Michael Mann
Mann in 2014
Born
Michael Kenneth Mann

(1943-02-05) February 5, 1943 (age 81)
EducationUniversity of Wisconsin-Madison (BA)
London Film School (MA)
Occupations
  • Director
  • screenwriter
  • producer
  • author
Years active1968–present
Spouse
Summer Mann
(m. 1974)
Children4, including Ami Canaan Mann

Michael Kenneth Mann (born February 5, 1943) is an American film director, screenwriter, author, and producer, best known for his stylized crime dramas.[1] Mann has received numerous accolades including a BAFTA Award and two Primetime Emmy Awards as well as nominations for four Academy Awards and two Golden Globe Awards. His most acclaimed works include the films Thief (1981), Manhunter (1986), The Last of the Mohicans (1992), Heat (1995), The Insider (1999), Ali (2001), Collateral (2004), Public Enemies (2009), and Ferrari (2023). He is also known for his role as executive producer on the popular TV series Miami Vice (1984–90), which he adapted into a 2006 feature film.

Early life and education

Mann was born February 5, 1943, in Chicago, Illinois.[2] He is Jewish and the son of Esther and Jack Mann.[3][4] His grandfather left the Russian Empire in 1912, and brought his wife and Mann's father over in 1922.[5]

Mann graduated from Amundsen High School, also the alma mater of Bob Fosse.[6][7] He then studied English literature at the University of Wisconsin–Madison.[8] While a student, he saw Stanley Kubrick's Dr. Strangelove and fell in love with movies. In an LA Weekly interview, he described the film's impact on him:

It said to my whole generation of filmmakers that you could make an individual statement of high integrity and have that film be successfully seen by a mass audience all at the same time. In other words, you didn't have to be making Seven Brides for Seven Brothers if you wanted to work in the mainstream film industry, or be reduced to niche filmmaking if you wanted to be serious about cinema. So that's what Kubrick meant, aside from the fact that Strangelove was a revelation.[9]

Mann graduated from the University of Wisconsin with a B.A. in 1965. In 1967 he earned an M.A. from the London Film School.

Career

1967–1978: Rise to prominence

Mann later moved to London in the mid-1960s to go to graduate school in cinema. He went on to receive a graduate degree at the London Film School in 1967. He spent seven years in the United Kingdom going to film school and then working on commercials along with contemporaries Alan Parker, Ridley Scott and Adrian Lyne. In 1968, footage he shot of the Paris student revolt for a documentary, Insurrection, aired on NBC's First Tuesday news program and he developed his '68 experiences into the short film Jaunpuri which won the Jury Prize at Cannes in 1970.

Mann returned to United States after divorcing his first wife in 1971. He went on to direct a road trip documentary, 17 Days Down the Line. Three years later, Hawaii Five-O veteran Robert Lewin gave Mann a shot and a crash course on television writing and story structure. Mann wrote four episodes of Starsky and Hutch (three in the first season and one in the second) and the pilot episode for Vega$. Around this time, he worked on a show called Police Story with cop-turned-novelist Joseph Wambaugh. Police Story concentrated on the detailed realism of a real cop's life and taught Mann that first-hand research was essential to bring authenticity to his work. Mann also wrote an early draft of the 1978 film Straight Time.[10]

1979–1999: Career breakthrough and acclaim

His first feature movie was a television special called The Jericho Mile, which was released theatrically in Europe. It won the Emmy for Outstanding Writing in a Limited Series or a Special in 1979 and the DGA Best Director award. His television work also includes being the executive producer on Miami Vice and Crime Story. Contrary to popular belief, he was not the creator of these shows, but the executive producer and showrunner, produced by his production company.[11][12][13][14]

Mann's debut feature in cinema as director was Thief (1981) starring James Caan, a relatively accurate depiction of thieves that operated in New York City and Chicago at that time. Mann used actual former professional burglars to keep the technical scenes as genuine as possible. His next film was The Keep (1983), a supernatural thriller set in Nazi-occupied Romania. Though it was a commercial flop, the film has since attained cult status amongst fans.[15] In 1986, Mann was the first to bring Thomas Harris' character of serial killer Hannibal Lecter to the screen with Manhunter, his adaptation of the novel Red Dragon, which starred Brian Cox as Hannibal. In an interview on the Manhunter DVD, star William Petersen comments that because Mann is so focused on his creations, it takes several years for him to complete a film; Petersen believes that this is why Mann does not make films very often.[16]

Mann gained widespread recognition in 1992 for his film adaptation of James Fenimore Cooper's novel into the epic historical drama The Last of the Mohicans starring Daniel Day-Lewis. The film is set during the French and Indian War. Film critic Owen Gleiberman of Entertainment Weekly described Mann's directorial style, writing that "Mann, at his best, is a master of violence and lyrical anxiety".[17] Peter Travers of Rolling Stone praised Mann's directing, writing that "the action is richly detailed and thrillingly staged."[18]

This was followed by crime drama Heat (1995) starring Al Pacino, Robert De Niro, and Val Kilmer. The film, a remake of his TV movie L.A. Takedown, was a critical success with Kenneth Turan of the Los Angeles Times calling the film a "sleek, accomplished piece of work, meticulously controlled and completely involving. The dark end of the street doesn't get much more inviting than this."[19] Todd McCarthy of Variety wrote, "Stunningly made and incisively acted by a large and terrific cast, Michael Mann's ambitious study of the relativity of good and evil stands apart from other films of its type by virtue of its extraordinarily rich characterizations and its thoughtful, deeply melancholy take on modern life."[20]

In 1999, Mann filmed The Insider about the 60 Minutes segment about Jeffrey Wigand, a whistleblower in the tobacco industry. Russell Crowe portrayed Wigand, with Al Pacino playing Lowell Bergman, and Christopher Plummer as Mike Wallace. The film showcased Mann's cinematic style and garnered the most critical recognition of his career up to this point. The Insider was nominated for seven Academy Awards as a result, including a nomination for Mann's direction. Critic Roger Ebert of the Chicago Sun-Times praised the film writing, "The Insider had a greater impact on me than All the President's Men, because you know what? Watergate didn't kill my parents. Cigarettes did."[21]

2001–present

Mann in 2012

With his next film, Ali (2001), starring Will Smith, Mann started experimenting with digital cameras. For his action thriller film Collateral, which cast Tom Cruise against type by giving him the role of a hitman, Mann shot all of the exterior scenes digitally so that he could achieve more depth and detail during the night scenes while shooting most of the interiors on film stock. Jamie Foxx was nominated for an Academy Award for his performance in Collateral. In 2004, Mann produced Martin Scorsese's The Aviator, based on the life of Howard Hughes, which he had developed with Leonardo DiCaprio. The Aviator was nominated for an Academy Award for Best Picture but lost to Million Dollar Baby. After Collateral, Mann directed the film adaptation of Miami Vice which he also executive produced. The film starred Colin Farrell as Don Johnson's character Sonny Crockett, and Jamie Foxx filling Philip Michael Thomas' shoes.

Mann directed the 2002 "Lucky Star" advertisement for Mercedes-Benz, which took the form of a film trailer for a purported thriller featuring Benicio del Toro. In the fall of 2007, Mann directed two commercials for Nike. The ad campaign "Leave Nothing" features football action scenes with former NFL players Shawne Merriman and Steven Jackson, as well as using the score "Promontory" from the soundtrack of The Last of the Mohicans.[22] Mann directed the 2008 promotional video for Ferrari's California sports car.[23]

Mann was producer with Peter Berg as director for The Kingdom and Hancock. Hancock stars Will Smith as a hard-drinking superhero who has fallen out of favor with the public and who begins to have a relationship with the wife (Charlize Theron) of a public relations expert (Jason Bateman), who is helping him to repair his image. Mann makes a cameo appearance in the film as an executive. In 2009, Mann wrote and directed Public Enemies for Universal Pictures, about the Depression-era crime wave, based on Bryan Burrough's nonfiction book, Public Enemies: America's Greatest Crime Wave and the Birth of the FBI, 1933–34. It starred Johnny Depp and Christian Bale.[24] Depp played John Dillinger in the film, and Bale played Melvin Purvis, the FBI agent in charge of capturing Dillinger.

Mann signed a petition in support of film director Roman Polanski in 2009, calling for his release after Polanski was arrested in Switzerland in relation to his 1977 charge for drugging and raping a 13-year-old girl.[25] In January 2010, it was reported by Variety that Mann, alongside David Milch, would serve as co-executive producer of new TV series Luck starring Dustin Hoffman and Dennis Farina. The series was an hour-long HBO production, and Mann directed the series' pilot.[26] Although initially renewed for a second season after the airing of the pilot, it was eventually cancelled due to the death of three horses during production.

In February 2013, it was announced that Mann had been developing an untitled thriller film with screenwriter Morgan Davis Foehl for over a year, for Legendary Pictures.[27] In May 2013, Mann started filming the action thriller, named Blackhat, in Los Angeles, Kuala Lumpur, Hong Kong and Jakarta.[28] The film, starring Chris Hemsworth as a hacker who gets released from prison to pursue a cyberterrorist across the globe, was released in January 2015 by Universal.[29] It received mixed reviews and was a commercial disaster, although several critics included it in their year-end "best-of" lists.[30]

Mann directed the first episode of the 2022 crime series Tokyo Vice for HBO Max, his first directing work since Blackhat.[31] In August the same year, Mann released Heat 2, a novel he had co-written with Meg Gardiner. The book takes place from 1988 to 2000, covering events that happen before and after the 1995 film.[32][33] The same month, Mann began shooting Ferrari starring Adam Driver and Penélope Cruz in Modena.[34][35] The film premiered at the 80th Venice International Film Festival and was released in the US in December 2023.[36][37] Ferrari received generally positive reviews from critics but under-performed in theaters.[38]

Directorial style

Michael Mann in 2023

Mann's trademarks include powerfully-lit nighttime scenes and unusual scores, such as Tangerine Dream in Thief and the new-age score to Manhunter. A common stylistic device in several films (Last of the Mohicans, Heat, Manhunter, The Insider, Miami Vice) is to show principal characters being forced to make critical decisions affecting the plot while overlooking large bodies of water.

Dante Spinotti is a frequent cinematographer of Mann's films. F. X. Feeney describes Mann's body of work in DGA Quarterly as "abundantly energetic in its precision and variety" and "psychologically layered".[39]

IndieWire's 2014 retrospective of the director's filmography focused on the intensity of Mann's ongoing interest in "stories pitting criminals against those who seek to put them behind bars (Heat, Public Enemies, Thief, Collateral, Miami Vice). His films frequently suggest that in fact, at the top of their respective games, crooks and cops are not so dissimilar as men: they each live and die by their own codes and they each recognize themselves in the other."[40]

Mann's films have been noted for their realism when it comes to capturing the sounds of gunfire, with him preferring to use raw audio captured from the scene, rather than a sound mix. Many of his films feature practical effects to produce the action scenes, with actors attending boot camps for weapons handling and firing 'full load' blanks in scenes to accurately represent the sound of live ammunition.[41]

Personal life

Mann's daughter Ami Canaan Mann is also a film director and producer.[42]

Filmography

Main article: Michael Mann filmography

Directed features
Year Title Distributor
1981 Thief United Artists
1983 The Keep Paramount Pictures
1986 Manhunter De Laurentiis Entertainment Group
1992 The Last of the Mohicans 20th Century Fox / Warner Bros.
1995 Heat Warner Bros.
1999 The Insider Buena Vista Pictures
2001 Ali Sony Pictures Releasing / Initial Entertainment Group
2004 Collateral DreamWorks Pictures / Paramount Pictures
2006 Miami Vice Universal Pictures
2009 Public Enemies
2015 Blackhat
2023 Ferrari STX Entertainment / Neon

Awards and nominations

Main article: List of awards and nominations received by Michael Mann

For his work, he has received nominations from international organizations and juries, including the British Academy of Film and Television Arts, Cannes, and the Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences. As a producer, Mann has twice received nominations for the Academy Award for Best Picture, first for The Insider and then The Aviator (2004), which Mann had been hired to direct before the project was transferred to Martin Scorsese.

Total Film ranked Mann No. 28 on its 2007 list of the 100 Greatest Directors Ever,[43] and Sight and Sound ranked him No. 5 on their list of the 10 Best Directors of the Last 25 Years (for the years 1977–2002).[44]

Year Title Academy Awards BAFTA Awards Golden Globe Awards
Nominations Wins Nominations Wins Nominations Wins
1992 The Last of the Mohicans 1 1 7 2 1
1999 The Insider 7 1 5
2001 Ali 2 2 1 3
2004 Collateral 2 5 1 1
2023 Ferrari 1
Total 12 1 16 4 10 0

References

  1. ^ "Michael Mann". Encyclopedia Britannica. Retrieved November 18, 2017.
  2. ^ Brooks, Xan (February 13, 2002). "Ali likes the film a lot. He's seen it six times". The Guardian. London. Retrieved May 12, 2010.
  3. ^ "Michael Mann Biography (1943-)". www.filmreference.com.
  4. ^ "Michael Mann Biography | TVGuide.com".
  5. ^ "In Conversation: Michael Mann". Vulture. December 25, 2023. Archived from the original on February 24, 2024.
  6. ^ "Michael Mann". biographic sketch. Chicago Public Schools. Retrieved December 31, 2009.
  7. ^ Mastony, Colleen (July 2, 2009), "Chicago is the epicenter of another film credit", Chicago Tribune, retrieved December 31, 2009
  8. ^ Wildermuth, p. 2
  9. ^ Foundas, Scott (July 26, 2006). "A Mann's Man's World". LA Weekly. Retrieved May 17, 2020.
  10. ^ "Straight Time (1978)". Retrieved May 27, 2020.
  11. ^ Sage, Tyler (January 25, 2020). "30 Years Ago: 'Miami Vice' Ends After Changing TV Forever". Ultimate Classic Rock. Retrieved January 21, 2021.
  12. ^ "15 Things You Didn't Know About Miami Vice". ScreenRant. July 22, 2016. Retrieved January 21, 2021.
  13. ^ Smith, Nathan (March 25, 2019). "Crime Story Set the Stage for the Last 3 Decades of Prestige Crime Dramas". Vulture. Retrieved January 21, 2021.
  14. ^ "The Jericho Mile | film by Mann [1979]". Encyclopedia Britannica. Retrieved January 21, 2021.
  15. ^ Jones, Mari (June 12, 2016). "Horror Film Shot in Gwynedd Has Become a Cult Classic". NorthWalesLive. The Daily Post. Retrieved January 24, 2020.
  16. ^ Inside Manhunter: Interviews with stars William Petersen, Joan Allen, Brian Cox, and Tom Noonan
  17. ^ "'The Last of the Mohicans': EW review". Entertainment Weekly. Retrieved February 21, 2021.
  18. ^ "The Last of the Mohicans". Rotten Tomatoes. Retrieved February 21, 2021.
  19. ^ "Critic Reviews for Heat". Metacritic. Retrieved April 27, 2013.
  20. ^ McCarthy, Todd (December 5, 1995). "Review: Heat". Variety. Retrieved March 27, 2014.
  21. ^ "The Insider". Rogerebert.com. Retrieved February 21, 2021.
  22. ^ Atkinson, Claire (October 27, 2007). "Sure, He can Direct Movies, but Can He Do Commercials?". The New York Times. Retrieved September 9, 2008.
  23. ^ Savage, Jonathan (February 5, 2016). "3 Thrilling Ads By Director Michael Mann". Bold Content Video Production. Retrieved May 27, 2020.
  24. ^ Garrett, Diane (December 5, 2007). "Johnny Depp goes Public". Variety. Retrieved December 4, 2007.
  25. ^ Shoard, Catherine; agencies (September 29, 2009). "Release Polanski, demands petition by film industry luminaries". The Guardian. Archived from the original on January 8, 2018. Retrieved August 29, 2021.
  26. ^ Fleming, Michael (January 5, 2010). "Mann, Milch in Luck with HBO". Variety. Retrieved May 26, 2010.
  27. ^ Kroll, Justin (February 14, 2013). "Mann, Hemsworth team for Legendary thriller". Variety. Retrieved February 14, 2013.
  28. ^ "Cyber (2015) – Filming Locations". IMDb. June 5, 2014. Retrieved June 5, 2014.
  29. ^ Richard Brody, "The Odd Shadow Over Michael Mann's New Movie," The New Yorker, January 16, 2015.
  30. ^ Dietz, Jason (December 6, 2015). "Best of 2015: Film Critic Top Ten Lists". Metacritic. CBS Interactive Inc. Retrieved February 12, 2016.
  31. ^ Fleming, Mike Jr. (October 22, 2019). "Michael Mann To Direct Ansel Elgort & Ken Watanabe In Pilot Episode Of HBO Max Series 'Tokyo Vice'". Deadline Hollywood. Retrieved June 20, 2020.
  32. ^ Michael Mann Says ‘Heat’ Prequel/Sequel Novel Is Coming Summer 2022, theplaylist.net, November 2, 2021
  33. ^ Mann, Michael; Gardiner, Meg (August 2022). Amazon. ISBN 978-0062653314.
  34. ^ Kroll, Andreas Wiseman,Justin; Wiseman, Andreas; Kroll, Justin (February 9, 2022). "Adam Driver, Penélope Cruz & Shailene Woodley Set To Star In Michael Mann's Passion Project 'Ferrari'; STX Inks Big Domestic Deal & Handles Int'l — EFM". Deadline. Retrieved August 14, 2022.((cite web)): CS1 maint: multiple names: authors list (link)
  35. ^ "Michael Mann's Ferrari Biopic Eyes Fall 2023 Release Date". August 17, 2022. Retrieved August 21, 2022.
  36. ^ "Ferrari". La Biennale di Venezia. July 6, 2023. Retrieved September 9, 2023.
  37. ^ Buchanan, Kyle (August 31, 2023). "Venice Film Festival: Adam Driver Calls Out Netflix and Amazon Amid Strikes". The New York Times. Retrieved September 9, 2023.
  38. ^ Grove, David (January 6, 2024). "Adam Driver's Ferrari Is a Box Office Disaster". MovieWeb. Retrieved March 30, 2024.
  39. ^ "The Study of Mann - Michael Mann". DGA Quarterly. Retrieved August 9, 2019.
  40. ^ "Retrospective: The Films Of Michael Mann | Indiewire". web.archive.org. June 8, 2016. Retrieved June 28, 2024.
  41. ^ Abrams, Simon (May 12, 2017). "Why Is Heat So Great? Let's Ask Michael Mann". Vulture. Retrieved October 14, 2022.
  42. ^ Mottram, James (September 30, 2011). "Ami Canaan Mann: A graduate of the family business strikes out". The Independent. Archived from the original on October 1, 2011. Retrieved June 24, 2024.
  43. ^ "The Greatest Directors Ever". Total Film. August 20, 2007. Retrieved May 20, 2008.
  44. ^ [1] Archived March 12, 2012, at the Wayback Machine

Bibliography

Interviews