Capital punishment is a legal punishment in the East African nation of Somalia. Most of executions in Somalia are through shooting, but Sharia courts also use beheading and stoning. In 2011 three soldiers were executed for murder by the Transitional Federal Government.[1] Another soldier was executed a few years later.[2] The activist NGO Human Rights Watch noted in 2014 that summary executions were on the rise in the nation.[3] At least 14 executions were carried out in 2016,[4] and the rate of executions rose in 2017, which human rights groups mainly attributed to military courts and the militant jihadist group Al-Shabaab. The European Union requested that Somalia enact a moratorium on the death penalty as a result.[5] Most executions by firing squad occur publicly and persons sentenced to death are usually executed by firing squad.

See also


  1. ^ "The Death Penalty in Somalia". Cornell Law School. Death Penalty Worldwide. Retrieved 2 January 2018.
  2. ^ "Somalia soldier executed in Mogadishu over pupil murder". BBC News. 6 January 2014.
  3. ^ Laetitia, Baeder (25 August 2014). "Summary executions in Somalia". Al Jazeera. Human Rights Watch. Retrieved 2 January 2018.
  4. ^ "Death sentences and executions in 2016". Amnesty International. 11 April 2017. Retrieved 2 January 2018.
  5. ^ Hassan, Mohamed Olad (15 May 2017). "Executions Increase in Somalia". Voice of America. Retrieved 2 January 2018.