Clarissa Explains It All
Clarissa Explains It All Logo.png
Created byMitchell Kriegman
Starring
Narrated byMelissa Joan Hart
Theme music composer
Opening theme"Clarissa Explains It All", performed by Rachel Sweet
Ending theme"Clarissa Explains It All"
Country of originUnited States
Original languageEnglish
No. of seasons5 (see note)
No. of episodes65[1] (list of episodes)
Production
Executive producers
Production locations
Camera setupMulti-camera
Running time20–26 minutes
Production companyThunder Pictures
Release
Original networkNickelodeon
Picture formatNTSC
Audio formatStereo
Original releaseMarch 23, 1991 (1991-03-23)[2][3] –
October 1, 1994 (1994-10-01)[4]

Clarissa Explains It All is an American teen sitcom created by Mitchell Kriegman for Nickelodeon.[3][5] In the series, Clarissa Darling (Melissa Joan Hart),[6][7][8] is a teenager who addresses the audience directly to explain the things that are happening in her life, dealing with typical adolescent concerns such as school, boys, pimples, wearing her first training bra, and an annoying younger brother.

A total of 65 episodes were produced and aired from March 23, 1991[2][3] to October 1, 1994.[4] From August 1992 onwards, the series headlined the popular SNICK (Saturday Night Nickelodeon) lineup. Reruns of the show have appeared intermittently on TeenNick's channel block The '90s Are All That, eventually NickRewind, from 2011 to 2020.[9][10]

In 2015, Kriegman released a novel, Things I Can't Explain, which serves as a sequel to the series. In the novel, Clarissa is now in her late 20s and trying to navigate life as an adult.[11] In March 2018, it was reported that a sequel to the series was in development at Nickelodeon, with Clarissa now as a mother.[12] In March 2022, Melissa Joan Hart revealed the reboot was not moving forward at the network.[13]

Premise

The main characters in the show are Clarissa Darling, her family (consisting of her father Marshall, her mother Janet, and her younger brother Ferguson) and her best friend Sam, all living in a small, unnamed suburban town. Clarissa had a pet baby alligator, Elvis, which she kept in a kiddie-sandbox and appeared sporadically in early episodes.

Clarissa was credited with becoming the first Nickelodeon series to feature a female lead, which led the network to create other shows such as The Secret World of Alex Mack, The Amanda Show and The Mystery Files of Shelby Woo.[14][15] Its popularity among both boys and girls also helped to debunk a myth that a children's series with a female lead would not appeal to boys.[16][17]

Clarissa dealt with normal adolescent issues such as first crushes, getting a driver's license and preparing for college and working. These topics were dealt with far less dramatically than they were on other similar shows at the time (such as Full House and Blossom).[14] For instance, in one episode Clarissa accidentally shoplifts a piece of lingerie but is neither caught by store security nor punished by her parents; she spends most of the episode trying to figure out how to remedy the situation on her own. Although terms like "hell" and "sex drive" were occasionally uttered during the show's run, most dialogue was kept family-friendly. One running gag involved her friend Sam often entering the scene by a ladder (accompanied by a characteristic chord of guitar music) through her bedroom window. A repeating theme during the series was the sibling rivalry between Clarissa and Ferguson,[15] showing their repeated attempts to harm or even (as in the series premiere) to "kill" each other.

Unique to the show was Clarissa's tendency to tackle the episode's central theme through the creation of a fictional video game. The show also integrated some of Hart's real-life likes, such as the band They Might Be Giants.[15]

Episodes

Main article: List of Clarissa Explains It All episodes

The decision to structure the episodes into five seasons of thirteen episodes each was made after the show ended its original broadcast run. During the original run of the series, the seasons were not well defined.

SeasonEpisodesOriginally aired
First airedLast aired
113March 23, 1991 (1991-03-23)[2][3]June 15, 1991 (1991-06-15)
213February 14, 1992 (1992-02-14)September 12, 1992 (1992-09-12)
313September 19, 1992 (1992-09-19)February 13, 1993 (1993-02-13)
413February 27, 1993 (1993-02-27)October 16, 1993 (1993-10-16)
513October 23, 1993 (1993-10-23)October 1, 1994 (1994-10-01)[4]

Characters

Main

Recurring

Notable guest appearances

These are other guest appearances, in single episodes by notable actors known for their other work.

Production

Clarissa Explains It All taping at Nickelodeon Studios, 1991
Clarissa Explains It All taping at Nickelodeon Studios, 1991

Show creator Mitchell Kriegman, who had a background as a short-story writer and video artist, had previously worked on shows such as Saturday Night Live and Sesame Street.[15] He sought to create an offbeat, trendsetting character living a typical teenager's life but who did not fit the stereotypical representations of teenage girls on television at the time. Kriegman said, "I thought that if other people ... knew what was going on in a 13-year-old girl's mind, it would be cool. They are really experimenting at that age."[18][19]

Clarissa Explains It All was the second sitcom to premiere on Nickelodeon in 1991, after Hey Dude ended its run.[15] It was one of seven new programs[14] (three animated and four live-action) to premiere on Nickelodeon that year, as the network began producing more original programming. It outlived the other live-action series introduced that year, Welcome Freshmen, Salute Your Shorts, and Fifteen, although Fifteen (an imported Canadian series) also lasted 65 episodes. Production on the pilot episode took place in September 1990, with Season 1 production beginning in February 1991 and series production wrapping in December 1993.[1]

The show's theme song was sung by Rachel Sweet.[20][21] It consisted entirely of a melody sung on the syllable "Na," punctuated with the occasional "Way cool!" or "All right! All right!" and underscored by rhythmic instrumentation, ending with a resounding "Just do it!"

A pilot for a follow-up series, Clarissa, was shot for CBS in 1995, but was not picked up by the network.[22] The pilot was shown on two occasions on Nickelodeon after the original series had ended production. The new series would have involved Clarissa's internship at a New York City newspaper. Comedian Robert Klein costarred in the pilot as the newspaper's editor. Supporting roles were played by Marian Seldes and Lisa Gay Hamilton. In 2002, Hart said that she would not be interested in a cast reunion project: "No. Shirley Temple taught me one thing. And that was once you finish a career, you move on." In her next television series, Sabrina, the Teenage Witch, her character actually did become a journalist.

Broadcast

After debuting on Saturday, March 23, 1991, at 6 p.m, and repeating twice the next day, Clarissa Explains It All moved to Sundays at 12:30 p.m. and 6:30 p.m. starting on April 7, 1991.[3] The following year the show moved to anchor the SNICK block of Saturday-night Nickelodeon programming, airing at 8 p.m. Saturdays starting on August 15, 1992. New airings continued to be shown at that time (with repeat airings at noon on Sundays) until the end of the series run.

Reruns

The series aired in reruns on Nickelodeon from 1994 to 1999, a second time in 2001 as part of the TEENick block, and a third time in 2004 as part of U-Pick Live's Old School Pick. It also aired on The N from 2002 to 2003.

The series returned in reruns to TeenNick on July 25, 2011, as part of its The '90s Are All That block. It aired at 10 p.m. Pacific / 1 a.m. Eastern, with the first episode having been 'The Understudy' from Season 2.[9][10] TeenNick replaced the show with Rocko's Modern Life on September 5, 2011. The series returned to The '90s Are All That from September 26, 2011, to October 6, 2011, when the show was replaced with Hey Dude. It then returned to TeenNick on December 31, 2011, with the airing of the series finale at a special timeslot, 11:00 p.m., to celebrate the end of 2011, and aired on the block again at 1:00am on January 1, 2012, with the airing of the series premiere to celebrate the beginning of 2012. The show aired on The '90s Are All That in a marathon on the night of December 30, 2012, and then a marathon every night from January 21, 2013, to January 27, 2013. On October 6, 2015, the show returned to the block, now known as The Splat. In 2019, the show is being rerun during the overnight hours on the Nick Pluto TV channel.[23] On March 23, 2020, the show began airing reruns on the NickRewind block.[24]

Home video releases

Throughout the early 1990s, a number of VHS tapes were released through Sony Wonder each containing 2 or 3 episodes alongside other Nickelodeon shows, usually centered around a certain theme such as school, dating, or sibling rivalry.[25]

In May 2005, the show's first season was released on DVD as part of the Nickelodeon Rewind Collection by Viacom's corporate subsidiary, Paramount Pictures.[26] The second season was scheduled to be released a few months later, but it was pulled from Paramount Pictures' release schedule. To this date, there are no plans to release the series further on DVD.

Season one is also available on iTunes, Xbox Live, and the PlayStation Store. Many of the various episodes from the 5 seasons of the series are also available on Amazon Video, Hulu and Paramount+.

Awards

In 1994, the series was nominated for an Emmy Award for Outstanding Children's Program.[27] In addition, Hart, O'Neal, and Zimbler also received multiple Young Artist Award nominations.[28] Hart won three competitive Young Artist Awards during the show's original run,[29][30][31] as well as receiving the association's honorary Former Child Star Award in 2013 for her role as Clarissa.[32]

Revival

In March 2018, The Hollywood Reporter said a revival of the show was "in early development" at Nickelodeon. Hart was reportedly to reprise her role as the title character, who would now be a mother. Hart was also to serve as executive producer on the series alongside original series creator Kriegman, who was in talks to return as a writer. The reports were not confirmed by any of the participants.[12]

In March 2022, Hart revealed that the reboot was not moving forward at Nickelodeon.[13]

In popular culture

References

  1. ^ a b "Clarissa To Explain It All For Final Time". Orlando Sentinel. December 17, 1993. Archived from the original on June 14, 2012. Retrieved September 3, 2010.
  2. ^ a b c Television section, New York Times, March 17, 1991, and March 23, 1991.
  3. ^ a b c d e Lipton, Lauren (March 17, 1991). "Nickelodeon gets inside the head of a 13-year-old named Clarissa Darling". The Los Angeles Times. Archived from the original on July 3, 2020. Retrieved September 3, 2010.
  4. ^ a b c TV Week guide, September 29 – October 5, 1994, Bryan-College Station Eagle.
  5. ^ Witchel, Alex (August 25, 1991). "UP & COMING: Melissa Joan Hart; The Melissa Inside Clarissa Explains It All for Us". New York Times. Retrieved August 10, 2010.
  6. ^ Hinman, Catherine (June 22, 1991). "Clarissa She's 14, Hip And Hot The Spunky Tv Teen Has Captivated Viewers And Put Orlando-based Nickelodeon Studios On The Sitcom Map". Orlando Sentinel. Archived from the original on September 29, 2012. Retrieved September 3, 2010.
  7. ^ Minor, Debra K. (February 12, 1991). "New Nickelodeon Show To Be Produced Here". Orlando Sentinel. Archived from the original on June 14, 2012. Retrieved September 3, 2010.
  8. ^ Shrieves, Linda (January 3, 1993). "Melissa Explains Clarissa". Orlando Sentinel. Archived from the original on September 28, 2020. Retrieved September 2, 2010.
  9. ^ a b Smiley, Brett (March 10, 2011). "Nick At Nite For Twentysomethings On The Way". MTV.com. Archived from the original on March 13, 2011. Retrieved May 22, 2011.
  10. ^ a b Rice, Lynette (March 10, 2011). "TeenNick goes retro with '90s programming -- EXCLUSIVE". EW.com. Retrieved May 22, 2011.
  11. ^ "Clarissa Darling grows up in novel 'Things I Can't Explain'". EW.com. March 23, 2015. Retrieved October 12, 2015.
  12. ^ a b Goldberg, Lesley (March 16, 2018). "'Clarissa Explains It All' Reboot Starring Melissa Joan Hart in the Works at Nickelodeon (Exclusive)". Hollywood Reporter. Retrieved March 16, 2018.
  13. ^ a b Gioia, Michael (March 12, 2022). "Melissa Joan Hart Reveals Clarissa Explains It All Reboot Was 'Squashed' by Nickelodeon: 'We Tried'". People. Retrieved March 16, 2022.
  14. ^ a b c Peitzman, Louis (December 10, 2014). "How "Clarissa Explains It All" Helped Change Television". BuzzFeed. Retrieved May 27, 2022.
  15. ^ a b c d e "27 Things You Probably Didn't Know About Clarissa Explains It All". Mental Floss. December 3, 2014. Retrieved May 27, 2022.
  16. ^ Holbert, Ginny (September 29, 1994). "Clarissa's Grown Up And Gone // Nickelodeon Sends Off Its Star After 3 Years". Chicago Sun-Times. Archived from the original on November 5, 2012. Retrieved March 10, 2011.
  17. ^ Weinstein, Steve (February 15, 1993). "Against All the Odds, 'Blossom' Is Blooming". Los Angeles Times. Archived from the original on May 11, 2019. Retrieved June 10, 2022.
  18. ^ Moca, Diane Joy (April 7, 1991). "Video wizardry and a little make-believe help 13-year-old as 'Clarissa Explains It All'". The Courier-Journal. Louisville, Kentucky. p. 26 A.
  19. ^ "'It Was Their Childhood': Looking Back on 30 Years of Clarissa Explains It All". Spin. March 23, 2021. Retrieved May 27, 2022.
  20. ^ Klickstein, Mathew (February 27, 2012). "Inside Clarissa Explains It All with Creator Mitchell Kriegman". Vulture. Retrieved May 27, 2022.
  21. ^ Gonzalez, John (August 12, 2021). "Clarissa Is Here to Explain It All". The Ringer. Retrieved May 27, 2022.
  22. ^ "13 Things You Didn't Know About 'Clarissa Explains It All'". Bustle. March 1, 2018. Retrieved May 27, 2022.
  23. ^ Hayes, Dade (April 29, 2019). "Viacom Adds Four Flagship Channels To Pluto TV Streaming Service – NewFronts". Deadline. Retrieved May 28, 2022.
  24. ^ "Nickelodeon offers three new channels on Pluto TV". Broadband TV News. August 3, 2020. Retrieved May 28, 2022.
  25. ^ "Snick, Vol. 1 - Nick Snicks Friendship [VHS]". Amazon. Retrieved May 27, 2022.
  26. ^ "Clarissa Explains It All - Season One (1991)". Amazon.
  27. ^ "Clarissa Explains It All". Television Academy. Retrieved May 27, 2022.
  28. ^ Awards for Clarissa Explains it All at IMDB.com
  29. ^ "13th Annual Youth in Film Awards". YoungArtistAwards.org. Archived from the original on February 2, 2000. Retrieved April 25, 2013.
  30. ^ "14th Annual Youth in Film Awards". YoungArtistAwards.org. Archived from the original on February 2, 2000. Retrieved April 25, 2013.
  31. ^ "16th Annual Youth in Film Awards". YoungArtistAwards.org. Archived from the original on July 11, 2000. Retrieved April 25, 2013.
  32. ^ "34th Annual Young Artist Awards". YoungArtistAwards.org. Archived from the original on April 3, 2013. Retrieved April 25, 2013.
  33. ^ "Melissa & Joey". ABC Family. Archived from the original on May 21, 2012. Retrieved October 12, 2015.
  34. ^ "'Clarissa Explains It All' -- Even White Supremacy". Huffington Post. January 12, 2015.
  35. ^ "Things I Can't Explain Publisher Website". Macmillan Publishers. Archived from the original on November 30, 2015.

Further reading