Legends of the Hidden Temple
GenreGame show
Created by
Directed by
Presented by
Narrated byDee Baker
  • David G. Stanley & Scott A. Stone (credited on-air as "The Music Machine") (1993–95)
  • Eimear Noone & Craig Stuart Garfinkle (2021–22)
Country of originUnited States
Original languageEnglish
No. of seasons
  • 3 (Nickelodeon)
  • 1 (The CW)
No. of episodes
  • 120 (Nickelodeon)[1]
  • 13 (The CW)
Executive producers
  • David G. Stanley (1993–95)
  • Scott A. Stone
  • Marcus J. Fox (2021–22)
  • David M. Greenfield (1995)
  • Brennan Huntington (1995)
Production locations
Running time
  • 22–24 minutes (Nickelodeon)
  • 42 minutes (The CW)
Production companies
Original release
ReleaseSeptember 11, 1993 (1993-09-11)[3] –
November 24, 1995 (1995-11-24)[1]
NetworkThe CW
ReleaseOctober 10, 2021 (2021-10-10) –
January 23, 2022 (2022-01-23)

Legends of the Hidden Temple is an American action-adventure[4] TV game show that broadcast from 1993 to 1995[1] on Nickelodeon. Created by David G. Stanley, Scott A. Stone, and Stephen Brown, the program features a fictitious temple, "filled with lost treasures protected by mysterious Mayan temple guards."[5] Kirk Fogg is the show's host,[3] while Dee Baker is both announcer and voice of a stone head named Olmec who "knows the secrets behind each of the treasures in his temple."[5] Six teams (Red Jaguars, Blue Barracudas, Green Monkeys, Orange Iguanas, Purple Parrots, Silver Snakes) of two children (one boy and one girl) compete to retrieve one of the historical artifacts in the temple by performing physical stunts and answering questions based on history, mythology, and geography. Contestants trying out had to compete in several physical tasks, including rope climbing and running, as well as a written test. The majority of the contestants were picked from the surrounding Orlando, Florida, area.[6]

A revival with adult contestants aired for a single season from October 2021 to January 2022 on The CW.


Legends of the Hidden Temple was produced by Stone Stanley Productions in association with Nickelodeon and was taped at Nickelodeon Studios at Universal Studios in Orlando, Florida. In 1995, Legends of the Hidden Temple won a CableACE award for Best Game Show Special or Series.[7][8]

Legends of the Hidden Temple began airing on Nickelodeon on September 11, 1993.[9] The show originally aired on weekends at 6:30 p.m. In that time slot, it increased the Nielsen rating from 1.5 to 2.[10] Due to this success, the show began airing weekdays at 5:30 p.m. starting the week of February 14, 1994.[10] The show was renewed for a forty-episode second season in February 1994.[10] Auditions for new episodes took place on February 26 and 27, and production occurred from March 27 through April 17.[11] Second-season episodes began airing June 6 of that year.[12] A forty-episode third and final season was produced from February 17 to March 12, 1995,[13] and began airing on July 3 of that year. The show was originally conceived under the title Secrets of the Haunted House where monsters would jump out and frighten contestants while they try to complete challenges within the haunted house.[14]

In 1996, the Orlando Business Journal reported that Nickelodeon was considering renewing Legends for a fourth season, but according to Scott Fishman, then vice president of production services at Nickelodeon, renewal was "not a sure bet" because Nickelodeon was considering three new game show pilots taped in Orlando. Production for the fourth season was stopped midyear before it could be released, canceling the season.[15][16]


Title card of Legends of the Hidden Temple

The set design of Legends of the Hidden Temple was based on the Indiana Jones movies,[17] and Marianne Arneberg of the Orlando Sentinel described the program as "a combination of Jeopardy and Raiders of the Lost Ark."[4] The set design has been described as Mayan.[18][19] It included areas for different types of physical challenges: a broad but shallow[20] pool of water (the moat), a set of steps (the Steps of Knowledge), and a large, two-and-a-half-floor[21] vertical labyrinth (the "hidden temple"). At the temple's gate was a talking Olmec head simply named Olmec (voiced by Dee Baker). Olmec narrated the stories told in the steps of knowledge and temple game challenges (although in the first season, Fogg narrated the temple game challenges). Each episode centered on a particular legend regarding an artifact (real or fictional) from around the world that found its way to the temple. Some artifacts included "Lawrence of Arabia's Headdress", "The Electrified Key of Benjamin Franklin", "The Jewel-Encrusted Egg of Catherine the Great", and "The Broken Wing of Icarus." Olmec also serves as the basis for the logo. In addition to providing an artifact, the legend also was important to other aspects of the show: the Steps of Knowledge used questions based on the historical legend, and the theme of the temple games was also loosely based on the legend.[22]

In each episode, six teams of two contestants began a three-round competition to determine which team earned the right to enter the temple. Each team was identified with a color and an animal, indicated on their uniform shirts: the Red Jaguars, Blue Barracudas, Green Monkeys, Orange Iguanas, Purple Parrots, and Silver Snakes.[5]

Round 1: The Moat

In the first round of the show, the six teams attempted to cross a narrow swimming pool known as "the moat" in a prescribed manner. For example, in one episode, teams were required to swing out to a rope net in the middle of the moat, climb it, and then swim to the other side.[5] All six teams attempted to get both members across according to the rules and push a button on a pedestal to ring a gong. The first four teams to cross the moat and ring their gongs advanced to the second round.

Round 2: The Steps of Knowledge

The four remaining teams stood on the topmost of the four levels of the Steps of Knowledge. Olmec began the round by telling the remaining teams the episode's legend of the featured artifact, which became the theme for the remainder of the episode. The legend centered on an artifact that the winning team searched for in the final round. At the end of the legend, Olmec told the teams the room in which the artifact could be found. After finishing, he asked the teams a series of questions to test their memory. Each multiple-choice question had three possible answers. A team attempting to answer signaled by stomping on a buzzer on their step, causing the front of the step to illuminate (if Olmec was still in the middle of asking a question, he stopped talking immediately). A team who answered correctly moved down to the next level. If a team answered incorrectly or ran out of time (three seconds after being called upon[23]), the other teams were given a chance to answer. The first two teams to answer three questions correctly and thereby reach the bottom level advanced to the next round.

Round 3: The Temple Games

The temple games featured the two remaining teams competing in three physical challenges to earn Pendants of Life which the winning team used in the final round. Several types of temple games were featured, with the episode's legend serving as a theme for each. Most temple games lasted for a maximum of 60 seconds but some were untimed. After each challenge, the winning team received some portion of a protective Pendant of Life. The first two challenges, pitting single members from each team against one another, were worth one-half of a pendant, while the final challenge, involving both contestants on both teams, was worth a full pendant. If a temple game ended in a tie, both teams received the pendant value of that game.

The team that earned the most pendants by the end of three temple games won the right to enter the temple. If the two teams earned the same number of pendants after the three temple games, the teams played a tiebreaker to determine who advanced to the temple. The teams stood behind a tiebreaker pedestal, and Fogg (since Season 2, Olmec) asked a tiebreaker question to determine the winner. The first team to hit the buzzer on top of their gong was given the chance to answer the question. A correct answer allowed the team to go to the temple. Originally, a team that buzzed in and gave an incorrect answer or ran out of time automatically lost, allowing the other team to advance to the temple by default. However, in Seasons 2 and 3, the other team was required to answer the question correctly to go to the temple.

Final Round: The Temple Run

A contestant assembles a three-piece statue in the Shrine of the Silver Monkey. When the statue is assembled correctly, the unlocked doors of the room open and the contestant can advance toward the artifact, indicated by the pink circle on the map at the bottom left.

In the final round, the winning team took the Pendants of Life, the contestants earned into the temple, and attempted to retrieve the episode's artifact and bring it back out of the temple within a three-minute time limit. The team designated one member to enter the temple first; that team member carried one of the team's full pendants. The other team member held the remaining pendant, half pendant, or no pendant at all and stood by to enter if the first team member was taken out of the temple by a temple guard. Before starting, Olmec would explain the rooms in the temple and the necessary tasks in each room. During season 1, Fogg asked who would go first and explained about the temple guards and, if necessary, the extra half pendant. Beginning in season 2, Olmec himself explained these things.

A diagram of the layout of the temple

The temple consisted of twelve[3] rooms, each with a specific theme (e.g., the Throne Room, the King's Storeroom, the Observatory, the Shrine of the Silver Monkey, the Heart Room, etc.). The rooms were connected to adjacent rooms by doorways, although some doors were locked, blocking a contestant's progress into the adjacent room; the pattern of locked and unlocked doors changed from episode to episode depending both on the temple layout and the artifact's location. The unlocked doors were closed at the start of the round, but they could be opened by completing a specific task or puzzle within each room. One room in the temple contained the themed artifact (as stated by Olmec before the Steps of Knowledge round). Three other designated rooms held temple guards (spotters in Lavish Mayan sentinel costumes). If the winning team had exactly 1+12 pendants, the remaining half pendant was also placed in a room for the contestant with the half pendant to collect to make a full pendant. The extra half pendant, if needed, would either be hanging on the wall near a door or placed inside an object in a room (e.g., hidden inside a pot in the King's Storeroom). If the first player dropped their pendant, the second player could pick it up and either throw it back to their partner or use it if needed.

A contestant who encountered a temple guard was forced to give up a full pendant to continue. However, if the first contestant was caught without a pendant in his or her possession, he or she was taken out of the temple and the second contestant entered. In either case, the temple guard who captured the contestant was out of play and did not appear again in the room where the first contestant was captured. When the second contestant entered, any doors that the first contestant opened remained open. If the second contestant was caught without a full pendant, the run ended immediately. A player could enter a room with an unencountered temple guard on their way to the artifact and not get caught, usually if the room design makes it so that the guard can only capture the player if within reach (e.g. the Dark Forest is where one of the trees "could be inhabited by the spirit of a temple guard" which was signaled if the tree grabbed the player, but the player had to be within reach to trigger the tree).

The team had three minutes to retrieve the artifact and leave the temple with it. If either contestant grabbed the artifact, all remaining temple guards vanished and all locked doors in the temple instantly opened, allowing the contestant to escape unhindered. For entering the temple, the team automatically won a prize. If a team member picked up the artifact, the team won a more expensive prize as well. A team that retrieved the artifact and exited the temple with it before time ran out earned the grand prize and the other two prizes. Starting with season 2, the temple had an actual gate that Olmec would lower before the round started.

2021 revival

The basic format remained the same as the Nickelodeon show, with the following changes:


Writing for Entertainment Weekly, A.J. Jacobs listed Legends of the Hidden Temple among a series of imitators of American Gladiators, describing the concept as "Gladiators meets Young Indiana Jones Chronicles."[24] Jacobs criticized the "Steps of Knowledge" round as filler, but concluded that "kids'll praise it to the moon."[24] Legends won the award for best game show at the 16th Annual CableACE awards in January 1995. The show also received nominations at the 17th and 18th Annual CableACE Awards in December 1995 and October 1996 but lost to The News Hole and Debt.[8] Feminist author Susan Douglas, a Hampshire College professor of media and American studies, praised Legends of the Hidden Temple for being a "nonsexist and nonviolent" show.[25]

Broadcast history

New episodes of Legends of the Hidden Temple began airing on Nickelodeon on September 11, 1993, and continued to air until 1995.[3][1] Reruns aired on the channel for an additional four years until February 28, 1999, when the program stopped airing on Nickelodeon. However, on March 1, 1999, the show once again began airing in reruns on Nick GAS until that network became defunct on December 31, 2007. Nickelodeon also included the show in a block of Nickelodeon programming that aired in 1999 on Zee TV.[26] In March 2009, TV Week reported that David Stanley acquired the rights to several Stone-Stanley shows which included Legends of the Hidden Temple. The assignment was recorded in the copyright office on May 2, 2008.[27][28] On October 7, 2011, the series aired on TeenNick as part of its The '90s Are All That block. The show has appeared on TeenNick sporadically since that time.[29] The series currently airs on Pluto TV. On March 24, 2021, the complete series was added to Paramount+.[30]

Television film

Main article: Legends of the Hidden Temple (film)

In March 2016, Nickelodeon announced a TV film version of the game show was in production, with Isabela Moner, Colin Critchley, Jet Jurgensmeyer, and Daniel Cudmore starring in the film. The film was directed by Joe Menendez and written by Jonny Umansky, Zach Hyatt, and Alex J. Reid. It features elements of the original show, including Olmec, The Steps of Knowledge, and cameos from a green monkey, a red jaguar, and silver snakes, among others.[31][32][33] Original host Kirk Fogg returned as a fictionalized version of himself and Dee Bradley Baker reprises his role as the voice of Olmec while Michael Benyaer portrays Olmec's human form.[34][35]


On December 16, 2019, it was announced that a revival with adult contestants would premiere in April 2020 on Quibi.[36] Although casting for the reboot was announced on March 10, 2020, in a tweet by Quibi,[37] movement on the production went silent and Quibi was shut down on December 1, 2020.[38] On May 7, 2021, a new casting call for the show went out to the public,[39] contrary to rumors that production was cancelled. On May 11, 2021, the revival was ordered at broadcast network The CW, which is part-owned by what was then known as ViacomCBS, the parent company of Nickelodeon.[40][41] The show is hosted by Cristela Alonzo[42] and premiered on October 10, 2021.[43] The basic format—with the moat crossing, Steps of Knowledge, and Temple Games leading to the Temple Run—remains the same.[44] On July 21, 2021, it was announced that Baker would reprise his role as Olmec.[45] Fogg made guest appearances in four episodes, serving as a mentor in one of the temple rooms.[46][47][48][49][50] On June 3, 2022, the revival was cancelled.[51]


In 2017, Pressman released a Legends of the Hidden Temple board game. It was only available for about a year, and only sold (firsthand) at Target stores. As of mid-2018, it is no longer available from Target stores or their website.[52]



  1. ^ a b c d Brooks, Tim; Marsh, Earle (2007). The Complete Directory to Prime Time Network and Cable TV Shows, 1946–Present. Random House. ISBN 978-0-345-49773-4.
  2. ^ Gomez, Patrick (October 10, 2021). "Olmec gets a makeover: An inside look at new, 'more authentic' Legends of the Hidden Temple set". Entertainment Weekly. Retrieved October 10, 2021.
  3. ^ a b c d e Schwartz, David; Ryan, Steve; Wostbrock, Fred (1999). "Legends of the Hidden Temple". The Encyclopedia of TV Game Shows (3rd ed.). Facts on File. p. 124. ISBN 0-8160-3847-3.
  4. ^ a b Arneberg, Marianne (October 4, 1993). "Programmers Dive into Kids Shows: Programs Involving Children Hottest New Trend in Television". Orlando Sentinel. p. 12. 'We wanted to do an action-adventure game show – sort of like a live video game for television,' said Scott Stone
  5. ^ a b c d Stone-Stanley Productions. "The Jewel-Encrusted Egg of Catherine the Great." Legends of the Hidden Temple. Starring Kirk Fogg and Dee Bradley Baker as Olmec. 1995
  6. ^ Flood, Pat (August 25, 1994). "Teen's Team Wins Big on TV". Orlando Sentinel. p. 12B. During her April tryout, Tabitha, 13, had to take a written test, run, climb a rope and do pull-ups, she said.
  7. ^ ""Legends of the Hidden Temple" (1993) – Awards". Internet Movie Database. Retrieved May 13, 2008.
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  9. ^ Donion, Brian (September 2, 1993). "More to Feed Appetite for TV: Newcomers on Cable Channels". USA Today. p. 03.D. Legends of the Hidden Temple, a game show that send kids searching for historic artifacts, premieres Sept. 11.
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  11. ^ "Kids Can Audition for Nick Show". Orlando Sentinel. February 25, 1994. p. A2. Auditions will be Saturday and Sunday from 9 a.m. to 6 p.m. at Nickelodeon Studios at Universal Studios Florida . . .The show will be in production at Universal March 27 through April 17.
  12. ^ Zad, Martie (June 5, 1994). "TBS Series Tells of Women's Century of Effort and Gains". The Washington Post. p. y.04. At 5:30 p.m. on Monday, Nickelodeon launches the second season of the popular 'Legends of the Hidden Temple,' a weekday action-adventure game show that challenges mind and body.
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  15. ^ Barth, Cindy (February 23, 1996). "New GM to Keep Nick 'On Course'". Orlando Business Journal. p. 1. Game shows Global GUTS and Legends of the Hidden Temple are not sure bets, Fishman says, because the network is looking at three new game show pilots just out of production at the Orlando facility that may replace the older shows.
  16. ^ Greenbaum, Kurt (April 21, 1996). "On Dads, Pigs, Cars, and Being Bored at 4". Sun Sentinel. p. 31. Apparently, Nickelodeon has canceled one of her favorite shows, Legends of the Hidden Temple. She wanted to know why. So we logged onto America Online, scooted into Nick's site and posed the question.
  17. ^ Katz, Frances (April 9, 1995). "Secrets of the 'Temple': Behind the scenes at Nickelodeon's hit game show". Boston Herald. p. 12. 'Kids love this show,' says co-producer Brendan Huntington, citing the combination of athletic skill and brainpower and the Indiana Jones-type setting as being particularly popular with kids aged 11–14 . . . 'We want the kids to feel like they really are right inside an "Indiana Jones" movie duking it out to the end,' says producer David Greenfield.
  18. ^ Katz. "Much more threatening this season will be the timed chase through the Mayan ruins"
  19. ^ Scarberry, Pat (September 19, 1993). "Classmates to Make Nickelodeon Debut". St. Petersburg Times. p. 11. [Legends] encourages kids to use both mental and physical capabilities as they trek through a Mayan ruin searching for legendary artifacts.
  20. ^ Katz. "'We still have the occasional kid fall into the moat because it looks like fun,' Huntington says. 'But the water's not that deep.'"
  21. ^ "Kids Can Audition for Nick Show." "kids scramble through a 13-room, 2½ -story Mayan temple"
  22. ^ Arneberg. "The 40 episodes of Legends 'are all story driven' — the stunts are themed around a specific legend, as are questions contestants must answer during a segment of the show, Stone said."
  23. ^ Fogg's explanation before the round in "John Sutter and the Map to the Lost Gold Mine"
  24. ^ a b Jacobs, A. J. (February 17, 1995). "'American Gladiators': Knockoffs' Battle of the Flexes". Entertainment Weekly. Retrieved December 6, 2021.
  25. ^ West, Kay (February 28, 1996). "Mirror, Mirror on the Wall". Nashville Banner. p. A.1. On cable television, Douglas believes Nickelodeon is doing the best job of producing programming that presents positive images to young girls, citing Rugrats, Secret World of Alex Mack, Clarissa Explains It All and Legends of the Hidden Temple as generally nonsexist and nonviolent.
  26. ^ Vijayakar, R. M. (October 20, 2000). "Bombay Film Beat". India – West. p. C4.
  27. ^ Adalian, Josef (March 2009). "Stanley, Gurin Co. Bring Back 'Shop 'til You Drop'". TV Week. Retrieved August 12, 2010. [Mr. Stanley] recently acquired the rights to several Stone Stanley formats in addition to "Shop," among them "Loveline," "Legends of the Hidden Temple" and "Born Lucky."
  28. ^ Mosher, Chad (August 2, 2012). "'90s Nickelodeon Game Shows Air On TeenNick's "'90s Are All That" This Weekend". BuzzerBlog. Retrieved August 6, 2012.
  29. ^ "Legends of the Hidden Temple". Paramount+. April 26, 1997. Retrieved March 24, 2021.
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  31. ^ Bryant, Jacob (March 4, 2016). "TV News Roundup: Julia Louis-Dreyfus Producing HBO Miniseries, 'Legends of the Hidden Temple' Reboot Casts Young Star". Variety.
  32. ^ Bryant, Jacob (March 8, 2016). "Nickelodeon's 'Legends of the Hidden Temple' Reboot Casts Young Lead". Variety.
  33. ^ "Kirk Fogg tapped for what he says is a "surreal" return to Legends Of The Hidden Temple". The A.V. Club. March 23, 2016. Retrieved December 6, 2021.
  34. ^ Michael Benyaer [@MichaelBenyaer] (March 23, 2016). "It's true. I will be playing #Olmec in @NickelodeonTV #LegendsOfTheHiddenTemple Do I look like him? R U READY TEAMS?" (Tweet). Retrieved December 6, 2021 – via Twitter.
  35. ^ Jefferson, Whitney (December 16, 2019). "Legends Of The Hidden Temple Is Coming Back, And This Time It's For Adults". BuzzFeed. Retrieved December 16, 2019.
  36. ^ quibi [@Quibi] (March 10, 2020). "We saw you. We heard you, #LegendsOfTheHiddenTemple fans" (Tweet). Retrieved April 25, 2020 – via Twitter.
  37. ^ Mullin, Benjamin; Flint, Joe; Farrell, Maureen (October 21, 2020). "Quibi Is Shutting Down as Problems Mount". Wall Street Journal. Retrieved October 21, 2020.
  38. ^ "Now Casting: ADULT TEAMS FOR LEGENDS OF THE HIDDEN TEMPLE". Retrieved May 8, 2021.
  39. ^ Swift, Andy (May 11, 2021). "Legends of the Hidden Temple Revival With Adult Players Ordered at The CW". TVLine. Retrieved May 11, 2021.
  40. ^ White, Peter (May 11, 2021). "'Legends Of The Hidden Temple' Reboot Lands At The CW". Deadline. Retrieved May 12, 2021.
  41. ^ Rosy Cordero (July 14, 2021). "Cristela Alonzo To Host CW's Reimagining Of Legends Of The Hidden Temple". Deadline Hollywood. Retrieved July 14, 2021.
  42. ^ Pedersen, Erik (June 15, 2021). "The CW Fall Premiere Dates: Riverdale, The Flash, Batwoman, All American, Walker, Nancy Drew & More". Deadline Hollywood. Retrieved June 15, 2021.
  43. ^ "'Legends of the Hidden Temple': What to Know About the Adult Reboot". Entertainment Tonight. October 8, 2021. Retrieved October 10, 2021.
  44. ^ Alexandra Del Rosario (July 21, 2021). "Legends Of The Hidden Temple: Dee Bradley Baker To Return As Olmec's Voice For The CW Reboot". Deadline Hollywood. Retrieved November 2, 2021.
  45. ^ "EXCLUSIVE: Original host Kirk Fogg returns to Legends of the Hidden Temple reboot". Attractions Magazine. November 3, 2021. Retrieved November 4, 2021.
  46. ^ "The Hindu Legend of Rama". Legends of the Hidden Temple (2021). Season 1. Episode 5. November 7, 2021. The CW.
  47. ^ "The Irish Legend of Cuchulainn". Legends of the Hidden Temple (2021). Season 1. Episode 9. December 12, 2021. The CW.
  48. ^ "The Sumarian Legend of Gilgamesh". Legends of the Hidden Temple (2021). Season 1. Episode 12. January 16, 2022. The CW.
  49. ^ "The Aboriginal Australian Legend of the Seven Sisters". Legends of the Hidden Temple (2021). Season 1. Episode 13. January 23, 2022. The CW.
  50. ^ Iannucci, Rebecca (June 3, 2022). "Legends of the Hidden Temple Reboot Cancelled at The CW After 1 Season". TVLine. Retrieved June 3, 2022.
  51. ^ "Legends Of The Hidden Temple Board Game". Pressman.